European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) Grenoble (Fr)
Members' share in contribution to the annual budget: 27.5% France 25.5% Germany 15% Italy 14% United Kingdom 4% Spain 4% Switzerland 6% Benesync (Belgium, The Netherlands) 4% Nordsync(Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden) Additional contributions (percentages refer to Members' total contribution): 1% Portugal 1% Israel 1% Austria 1% Poland 1.05% Centralsync (Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia)
Budget:The 2009 budget for operating the ESRF is 94 million Euros (including funds dedicated to the Upgrade programme).Staff:About 600 people work at the ESRF.Upgrade programme Visiting researchers: About 6000 researchers come each year at the ESRF to carry out experiments. Applications for beam time:More than 2000 applications are received each year for beam time at the ESRF.Scientific papers:Our users and staff publish about 1600 papers annually on work carried out at the ESRF. Postal Address: ESRF, BP 220, GRENOBLE CEDEX 9, FRANCE Address: ESRF, Polygone Scientifique Louis Néel, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, GRENOBLE, FRANCE Phone / Fax: +33 (0) / 20 20
APS, USA ESRF, Europe-France Spring-8, Japan The three largest and most powerful synchrotrons in the world
Bending magnets Undulators
A typical beamline
How cracks grow in steel A perfect glass? Metallic glass foams: a macroscopic glass model? Watching grain nucleationWhat keeps a sand castle together? Materials From metallic alloys and glass to semiconductors and even foams – all sorts of materials can be studies at the ESRF beamlines. Experiments can be carried out in situ, with modification of the operating conditions such as temperature, pressure, magnetic or electric fields, chemical environment, and even with application of a mechanical stress on the sample.
Liquid crystals in columns for flexible solar cells Self-assembled quantum dots Magnetic nanoparticles Nanoporous materials Quantum dot crystals
High-pressure alloying of iron and magnesium Thermal conductivity in the mantle Study of glass from meteorite impact events Breathing of apples and pears Seeing inside fossils Earth Science Exploration of the world around us is at the origin of all natural sciences. Today, at the ESRF, scientists obtain key information on a variety of mineral and organic materials. Thus it is possible to reconstruct the history of our planet, to improve environmental conditions and to invent a better future.
Life sciences The study of protein structures by macromolecular crystallography is essential for better understanding the processes of life and finding more effective medicines against diseases. Innovative radiotherapy techniques for treating brain tumours are also developed at the ESRF biomedical beamline. Tracking the deadly influenza virus New clues on malaria Treatment of glioma Neurodegenerative iron Repairing broken DNA
Fundamental physics Research on fundamental questions extends our understanding of the laws of nature and may lead to major discoveries. Quantum effects, magnetism, order and disorder, surface properties, exotic electronic behaviour and many more are studied at the ESRF. The mystery of fireballs Metal organic interface Order-disorder fluctuations in alloys Unusual magnetic properties Broken symmetry in deuterium
Challenges in chemistry Many fundamental chemical, catalytic or biochemical mechanisms are subjects of research at the ESRF. Access to the dynamics of a reaction is now becoming possible due to the exceptional brightness of synchrotron light. Photosynthetic oxygen formation Filming chemical reactions Oil paintings found in ancient Buddhist caves Improving catalytic converters Chemical bonding in the nervous system
Scientific Highlights High resolution and resonance scattering Materials sience Soft condensed matter Structural biology Surface and interface science X-ray absorption and magnetic scattering X-ray imaging and oprics Methods and instrumentation Accelerator and X-ray sources
Tesi di ricerca recenti -Observation of antiferromegnetic domains in cobalt fluoride (CoF2) by SR X-ray imaging using the inverse piezomagnetic effect. Studio della regione di coesistenza di fase fan e ferromagnetica in un cristallo di MnP in prossimita del punto triplo. Use of X-ray reflectometry and simulated annealing for multilayered film characterization.
Persone che hanno svolto tesi di ricerca a ESRF Elisabetta Brunello Viviana Cristiglio Pro Tiziana Paola Pino Aimo Francesco Masiello Fabio Demian S. Diemoz D Ghigo David Federico Segato Genziana Bussone
Opportunita offerte Stage di dodici mesi presso ESRF Borsa di studio o contributo spese per soggiorno a Grenoble Possibilita di continuare in ambito di dottorato di ricerca a ESRF, a ILL o a CNRS