5 Andes MountainsThe Andes Mountains are among the highest in the world. They stretch over 4500 miles in the western part of South America.Once the basis of the Inca Empire.
6 Grasslands and PlainsMountain and poor soil make much of South Americas land unproductive.EXCEPT…the pampas of Argentina and Uruguay. They provide large areas of fertile soil for growing crops and grazing cattle.
7 RainforestRainforests are located on the east coast of Central America and the northern part of South America.They have warm, humid climates.The Amazon Rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest.It is located in Brazil.
8 Bodies of Water Amazon River – 2nd longest river in the world. Orinoco River and the Rio de Plata are also major rivers in South America.Most of the population in South America lives near or on these major river systems. Why?
9 ClimateMuch of South America is warm because it lies near the equator.The mountains and the ocean winds however, help keep many places in South America at comfortable temperatures.
11 Label your map! Great Barrier Reef Indian Ocean Great Victoria Desert
12 Great Barrier ReefLies off Australia’s northeastern coast. Coral formations have piled up for millions of years to create a colorful chain that stretches 1250 miles. A coral reef is a structure formed by the skeletons of small sea animals.
13 Information Australia is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The central areas of Australia are mainly desert.The Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Australia is the world’s largest coral reef.It is the only country that takes up an entire continent.It has many unique animals.