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IP Address Management The RIR System & IP policy

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Presentation on theme: "IP Address Management The RIR System & IP policy"— Presentation transcript:

1 IP Address Management The RIR System & IP policy
Nurani Nimpuno APNIC

2 Overview Early address management Evolution of address management
Address management today Address policy development

3 IP allocation Pre 1992 RFC 1261 1991 RFC 1020 1987 RFC1020: INTERNET NUMBERS “The responsibility for the assignment of IP numbers and ASNs has been assumed by Hostmaster at the DDN Network Information Center (NIC). The Hostmaster staff are indebted to Dr. Jon Postel and Ms. Joyce Reynolds of the Information Sciences Institute at the University of Southern California for their ongoing assistance.” RFC1261: TRANSITION OF NIC SERVICES “The transition of the Network Information Center from SRI International in Menlo Park, CA, to Government Systems Inc. in Chantilly, VA, is officially scheduled for 1 October This includes the transition of services currently offered to DDN and Internet users by SRI. These services include network/user registration (i.e., network number and top level domain name assignment), on-line information services, and Help Desk operations. GSI will also continue RFC and Internet-Draft archive and distribution services.” RFC790: ASSIGNED NUMBERS “This RFC will be updated periodically, and in any case current information can be obtained from Jon Postel. The assignment of numbers is also handled by Jon. If you are developing a protocol or application that will require the use of a link, socket, port, protocol, or network number please contact Jon to receive a number assignment.” … “This list of network numbers is used in the internet address [33]. The Internet Protocol (IP) uses a 32 bit address and divides that address into a network part and a "rest" or local address part. The division takes 3 forms or classes.” “The assignment of numbers is also handled by Jon. If you are developing a protocol or application that will require the use of a link, socket, port, protocol, or network number please contact Jon to receive a number assignment.” RFC 790 1981

4 Early address management
Global routing table: ’88 - ’92 Early address management Early 1990’s: Internet scaling problems Address depletion due to classful architecture (A, B, C) Routing table overload Due to lack of route aggregation

5 Early address management
Internet widely projected to fail Growth would stop by mid-’90s Urgent measures required Action taken by IETF / Internet community 1993: Development of “CIDR” addressed both technical problems Address depletion Through more accurate assignment Routing table overload Through address space aggregation RFC 1517 RFC 1518 RFC 1519

6 Evolution of address management
Administrative problems remained Increasing complexity of CIDR-based allocations Increasing awareness of conservation and aggregation goals Need for fairness and consistency RFC 1366 (1992) Described the “growth of the Internet and its increasing globalization” Additional complexity of address management Set out the basis for a regionally distributed Internet registry system RFC 1366

7 Evolution of address policy
1990s - establishment of RIRs APNIC, ARIN, RIPE NCC (LACNIC later) Regional open processes Cooperative policy development Industry self-regulatory model bottom up APNIC ARIN RIPE NCC LACNIC APNIC community ARIN community RIPE community LACNIC community

8 Address management today

9 Address management today
IPv4 IPv6 IANA Allocation RIR Allocation This path is followed by every address that’s in use ISP Assignment User

10 Address management objectives
Conservation Efficient use of resources Based on demonstrated need Aggregation Limit routing table growth Support provider-based routing Registration Ensure uniqueness Facilitate trouble shooting

11 Neutral, impartial, open and transparent
What is APNIC? Regional Internet Registry for the Asia Pacific Regional authority for Internet Resource distribution (IPv4 & IPv6 addresses, AS numbers, reverse DNS delegation) Non-profit, open membership 850 ISP members in 42 economies Any interested party can join Industry self-regulatory structure Open Policy Meetings Bottom-up structure Neutral, impartial, open and transparent

12 What is the APNIC community?
Open forum in the Asia Pacific Open to any interested parties Voluntary participation Decisions made by consensus Public meetings Mailing lists web archived A voice in regional Internet operations through participation in APNIC activities

13 Internet community Global Internet Community APNIC Internet Community
APAN PITA ISP Associations APNIC Members IETF ISOC Individuals

14 Policy development Industry self-regulatory processes
Open to all interested parties Facilitated by RIR staff Policy implementation RIR processes ISPs and other affected parties

15 Why should I bother participating?
Business reasons Policies affect your business operating environment and are constantly changing Ensure your ‘needs’ are met Responsibility as APNIC member To be aware of the current policies for managing address space allocated to you Educational Learn and share experiences Stay abreast with ‘best practices’ in the Internet

16 Policy development cycle
OPEN Need Anyone can participate Evaluate Discuss ‘BOTTOM UP’ TRANSPARENT Implement Consensus Internet community proposes and approves policy All decisions & policies documented & freely available to anyone

17 Elements of the process
MM: forum specific to APNIC business eg. fee structure, election of executive council & endorsement of policy decisions Member Meeting WGs: semi formal, volunteer group tasked by a SIG to work on a particular project until completed eg. ‘Broadband’ Open Policy Meeting & Mailing Lists Working Groups Special Interest Groups SIGs: Formal groups which discuss broad areas of policy relevant to the APNIC internet community BOFs: Informal meetings to exchange ideas eg. CA BOF, Network Abuse BOF, Training Need to hold at least one to form new SIG Birds of a Feather

18 Current discussions Lowering min allocation size & criteria
Lower min allocation size from /20 to /21 (criteria: /23 immediate need, /22 within a year) IPv6 allocations to IPv4 networks ISPs with large existing IPv4 network that qualify for an IPv6 allocation may use their existing v4 infrastructure to qualify for a larger allocation. Global unicast IPv6 to “unconnected” networks? Not covered in current policy (no rfc1918 for IPv6) Protecting historical networks in the APNIC whois DB Provide protection of historical objects in APNIC db Recovery of unused address space (A lot of historical address space not in use, Increasing amount of cases of hijacking) Historical addresses determined to be unused (not visible in the routing table for x amount of time) to be reclaimed.

19 How to make your voice heard
Contribute on the public mailing lists Attend meetings Or send a representative Gather input at forums Give feedback Training or seminar events Through APNIC staff

20 Come to the APNIC meeting!
Next meeting in conjunction with APRICOT 2004 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, February 2004 Fellowship program registration now open! Participate in policy development Attend workshops, tutorials & presentations Exchange knowledge and information with peers Stay abreast with developments in the Internet View multicast online Provide your input in matters important to you APNIC has two open policy meetings per year. The APNIC meetings are open to everyone. Since 2000, APRICOT has incorporated a Fellowship Program to provide opportunities to developing country personnel to participate in APRICOT. This programme provides basic assistance to successful fellows to cover local living and registration expenses associated with attending the conference.

21 Conclusions IP address management IP address policy is in Your hands
Result of 20 year evolution on the Internet Supported Internet growth to date Stable well-understood system Open to all interested participants IP address policy is in Your hands You are affected by IP address policy You set the policy

22 Thank you

23 References Short history of the Internet
“Development of the Regional Internet Registry System” (Internet Protocol Journal) Policy Documentation APNIC policy development process

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