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Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy and PhysiologyTurn to a neighbor and talk about: What you think you will learn about in this class The definition of anatomy The definition of physiology
Biology Study of life Requirements: Functions: Water Food Oxygen HeatPressure Functions: Responsiveness Growth Reproduction Movement Metabolism (Respiration, Digestion, Excretion, etc.)
Anatomy “a cutting open” in GreekStudies the field of structure (morphology)
Physiology Studies the performance or function
Anatomy and Physiology“Form and Function”
Levels of Organization and Organ Systems
Levels of OrganizationChemical/Molecular Cellular Tissue – cells performing specific function Organ – tissues performing specific function Organ System Organism
How many organ systems can you name?
Organ Systems Integumentary Skeletal Muscle Nervous EndocrineCardiovascular Lymphatic Respiratory Digestive Urinary Reproductive (male and female)
Integumentary Epidermis (skin), hair, nailsProtects against environmental hazards, controls body temp
Skeletal System Bones, cartilageProvides support, protects tissues, stores minerals, forms blood
Muscular System Muscles, tendonsAllows locomotion, provides support, produces heat
Nervous System Nerves, brain, spinal cordDirects immediate response to stimuli, usually coordinates activities of other systems
Endocrine System GlandsDirects long-term changes in activities of other organ systems
Cardiovascular SystemHeart, blood vessels, blood Transports cells and dissolved materials (nutrients, wastes, gases)
Lymphatic System Lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymusDefends against infection and disease, returns tissue fluid to bloodstream
Respiratory System Nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs Delivers air to sites where gas exchange can occur between the air and circulating blood
Digestive System Salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas Processes food and absorbs nutrients
Urinary System Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethraEliminates excess water, salts and waste products
Reproductive System Male: testes, accessory organs, external genitalia (penis, scrotum) Female: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, external genitalia (clitoris, labia), mammary glands Produces sex cells and hormones
Homework Coloring Workbook – Chapter 1 Numbers 3-7 and #20Cross off #9 – we will not be doing that question An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology – Chapter 1 Objectives 1-4
Organization of the Human Body – Organ Systems and Life-Span Changes
The Human Body: An Orientation
Human Body Systems.
Levels of Structural Organization
Chapter 35 Section 1 Human Body Systems
System System System Structures Structures Structures Functions
The Human Body Introduction and Orientation
SUMMARY OF ORGAN SYSTEMS
MAJOR ORGAN SYSTEMS IN THE HUMAN BODY
Organ Systems ST 110 Chapter 4. Objectives Describe the various organ systems of the body Describe the various organ systems of the body Describe the.
Anatomy and the Organ Systems. Anatomy – the study of the structure of an organism Recall… Animals are multicellular organisms with specialized cells.
Anatomy and Physiology
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 19 Topic: Ch. 1 Organ Systems Essential Question: Choose an organ system. Describe the general functions of that organ.
Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
Overview of Anatomy & Physiology
Copyright (c) 2008, 2005 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
1. 2 Chapter 1 The Human Body 3 Introduction Anatomy: the study of the structure of the body Physiology: the study of the function of the body parts.
Anatomy Ch 1- An introduction
Name an organ system and list as many organs as you can think of that are within that system.
Anatomy study of structure and shape of body
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