We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byChristian Nash
Modified over 4 years ago
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Sports nutrition Extension
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Learning objectives To understand the energy and nutrient needs of athletes. To know the forms of stored energy in the body. To recognise the need for carbohydrate loading for endurance athletes. To recognise the importance of fluid intake. To recall the two nutrients, iron and calcium, which are important for female athletes.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Nutritional needs of athletes Most athletes obtain all the energy and nutrients they require from a varied and balanced diet. By changing their diet slightly they may be able to improve sporting performance. Many athletes require a diet high in energy because of their high energy expenditure during training and competition.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Maintaining a healthy body weight Maintaining a healthy body weight is important. Reduced athletic performance can be caused by too much body fat or too little muscle. Symptoms of this are being overweight or underweight.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Stored energy Energy from the diet is stored as body fat or glycogen (carbohydrate in muscles and liver) and can be broken down to provide energy. Glycogen is the main source of energy during short bursts of activity and at the start of exercise. There is only a small store of glycogen in the body, and as exercise continues the store becomes depleted and the body starts to use some fat to provide energy. Most people have quite a large store of body fat. People who are fitter use up their store of glycogen more slowly, and tend to use their stores of body fat for fuel more readily.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 The importance of carbohydrate Eating a diet high in carbohydrate ensures that muscle and liver glycogen stores are maintained. If most of the glycogen in muscles and liver is used, such as after prolonged exercise, blood sugar levels can drop below normal and this can cause fatigue, nausea and dizziness. Carbohydrate rich foods are also important for replenishing glycogen stores after an event.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Carbohydrate requirements Eating food rich in carbohydrate after exercise replenishes the store of glycogen in muscle. It is recommended that athletes obtain a greater proportion of energy in their diet from carbohydrate. This is slightly higher than what is recommended for the rest of the population and can be difficult to follow at first.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Food containing carbohydrate A high carbohydrate diet can be bulky, so many athletes prefer to eat frequent meals and snacks to ensure that they consume enough energy. Food high in carbohydrate include: Bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and other starchy foods. Foods containing sugars such as fruit, jams, table sugar, puddings and confectionary are high in sugar (carbohydrate) and can be useful before an event. Drinks such as fruit juice, carbonated drinks, squash and some sports drinks.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Carbohydrate loading Athletes in endurance events, such as long distance running, often eat large amounts of carbohydrate for several days before the competition (up to 70% of energy). This is called carbohydrate loading. It increases the body’s store of glycogen. Trained athletes have the ability to have greater glycogen stores as a side effect of training.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Protein needs Athletes need slightly more protein in their diets than the rest of the population in order to repair and build muscle. Because athletes generally eat more (to meet their energy requirements) they are likely to meet their protein needs by choosing a balanced diet. They do not need to consume food high in protein. Athletes do not need large amounts of meat or to take supplements. Eating more protein than the body needs does not increase the amount of muscle in the body.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Too little energy? If an athlete’s diet contains too little energy from carbohydrate, protein from the diet will be used to provide energy. This is not desirable as less protein will be available for forming and repairing muscle tissue – the main function of protein. Carbohydrate should be the main source of energy. Some fat can also contribute to the body’s energy source.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Hydration Up to two litres of water an hour can be lost from the body during some sports, especially in hot, humid conditions. If fluid is not replaced, dehydration may result. This can reduce performance and can be life threatening if left untreated. Drinking water is suitable for most sports. Specially developed sports drinks may be beneficial for top class athletes.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Sports drinks - hypotonic Hypotonic sports drinks contain small amounts of carbohydrate and minerals and are less concentrated than body fluids. The fluid from the drinks can therefore be absorbed by the body quickly. The carbohydrate in these drinks can also help to reduce the risk of blood glucose falling too low.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Sports drinks – hypertonic Hypertonic sports drinks contain greater amounts of carbohydrate than hypotonic drinks – they are more concentrated than body fluids. They do not help prevent dehydration. Their main purpose is to provide carbohydrate to help re-fill muscles with glycogen after exercise. Glycogen in muscles is replaced most quickly immediately after exercise, but athletes often find it difficult to eat at this time.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Sports drinks - isotonic Isotonic drinks are the same concentration as body fluids. These are absorbed as quickly as water is. They may be used for fluid replacement by athletes. Solutions similar to commercial ‘Sports drinks’ can be made easily at home using sugar or fruit juice and water.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Iron for a female athlete Some women have very high iron requirements due to heavy menstrual losses. Iron is important for carrying oxygen in the blood so even a mild deficiency can affect performance.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Calcium for a female athlete Calcium is important in the formation and maintenance of strong bones. Although moderate exercise is important in bone formation, very strenuous exercise can interrupt the menstruation cycle and cause a hormone imbalance which can lead to problems with bone health. It is therefore important that female athletes’ diets contain adequate calcium intake.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 Review of the learning objectives To understand the energy and nutrient needs of athletes. To know the forms of stored energy in the body. To recognise the need for carbohydrate loading for endurance athletes. To recognise the importance of fluid intake. To recall the two nutrients, iron and calcium, which are important for female athletes.
© Food – a fact of life 2009 For more information visit www.foodafactoflife.org.uk
Diet Please leave us a 5 star rating if you love this free template!
PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT DIETARY MANIPULATION. LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1.Am I able to explain how athletes manipulate their diet to enhance performance?
Nutrition. Food Categories Macronutrient Direct sources of energy Carbohydrates, proteins and fats Micronutrients Bioenergetic process do not provide.
The study and practice of nutrition and diet as it relates to athletic performance. The type and quantity of fluid and food taken by an athlete.
Section Your personal health and wellbeing
Optimal Nutrition for Exercise. Stored energy Energy is stored as body fat or glycogen (carbohydrate in muscles and liver) & is broken down to provide.
1.1.5 Personal health and well-being
Chapter Ten: Fitness and Nutrition Define physical fitness and discuss its benefits to humans Identify and explain the 5 health- related components of.
Chapter 15 Nutrition for Fitness and Athletics. Focus on nutrition Sports nutrition is an area in which fads often obscure scientifically valid information.
Diet Learning Objectives: To be able to name and describe the 7 components of a healthy diet. To understand the dietary needs of sports performers.
8 tips for eating well.
CONVERSION OF FOOD TO ENERGY Week 12. What you need to know… What happens when CHO break down? How are CHO used? What is the glycemic index? High GI &
Sports Nutrition. Nutrition and Physical Performance “Exercise is medicine” Physical fitness Cardiorespiratory fitness Muscular strength Muscular.
Achieving optimal weight for activities. What is optimal weight?
Sports nutrition Extension.
Copyright © 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 8 Nutritional Considerations for Intense Training and Sports Competition.
Copyright © 2011 American College of Sports Medicine Exercise and Sport Nutrition Chapter 6.
Diet & Athletic Performance Noadswood Science, 2012.
DIET. WHAT IS DIET? Diet can be defined as the NORMAL FOOD WE EAT. BUT there are also SPECIAL DIETS ! FOR EXAMPLE To lose weight or gain weight diets.
© 2019 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.