4 Geographer’s Toolkit Learning Goals: I can identify and use various types of maps, including general purpose, topographic, thematic and digital maps.I can determine locations on a map using directions and compass bearings
5 Types of Maps General Purpose Maps A map drawn to scale using symbols and colours to indicate major roads for transportation purposesOften includes parks, hospitals, and tourist attractionsCan be both small scale (a country map) and large scale (a city map)
6 Types of MapsGeneral Purpose Map of the “Golden Horseshoe” (Niagara Falls to Clarington)
7 Types of Maps Topographic Maps A map that indicates scale, using symbols and colours for both natural and human features on the Earth’s surfaceShows the Earth’s surface in great detail (large scale)Depicts the height of land features (topography)Often shows roads, settlements, vegetation cover, power lines, etc.
8 Types of MapsTopographic Map of Blue Mountain (Collingwood)
9 Types of Maps Thematic Maps A map that reveals the geographic patterns of statistical dataAre designed to display distributions over the Earth’s surfaceUsually focuses on one theme or topic (e.g., population distribution)
10 Types of MapsThematic map showing electricity generating stations in Canada
11 Direction and Bearings On a map, we assume north is ‘up’Compass PointsOn a compass (or compass rose), directions can be indicated.To read a compass, begin at north; continue to east, south, and west (clockwise).
12 Direction and Bearings Cardinal points on a compass are;North (N), East (E), South (S), and west (W).
13 Direction and Bearings Ordinal points on a compass are the points in between the cardinal points.These points include;Northeast (NE), Southeast (SE), Southwest (SW), and Northwest (NW).
14 Direction and Bearings Third level points include;North-northeast (NNE), East-northeast (ENE), East-southeast (ESE), South-southeast (SSE), South-southwest (SSW), West-southwest (WSW), West-northwest (WNW), North-northwest (NNW).
15 Angular bearings A compass rose is the shape of a circle. A circle has 360 degrees.As a result, a compass direction can be given a bearing or a number degree.North is 0 degrees or 360 degrees. East is 90 degrees, South is 180 degrees, and West is 270 degrees.
16 Next direction (or is it ONE Direction?) Compass rose.Pilots testApplied:Chapter 3Page 40 #1-6AcademicChapter 3 DUE THURS. FEB 28thReadDefine key termsAnswer, page 43 #1-5, 8