Presentation on theme: "INDIRECT OBJECTS AS PASSIVE SUBJECTS. TWO OBJECTS I gave him some money yesterday. I gave some money to him yesterday. He was given some money yesterday."— Presentation transcript:
TWO OBJECTS I gave him some money yesterday. I gave some money to him yesterday. He was given some money yesterday. Some money was given to him yesterday. I will buy her a book tomorrow. She will be bought a book tomorrow. A book will be bought for her tomorrow.
THE PASSIVE FORM OF MODALS AND SIMILAR EXPRESSIONS Modal + be + past participle a) The letterswillbeposted tomorrow. b) Tomorrow’s examcanbepostponed to next Monday. c) Youmaybeallowed to leave early. d) Childrenshouldbewarned against dangers. e) Chocolateought not to beeaten too much. f) Tomorrow’s meetinghad betterbecancelled. g) Shehad tobetaken to hospital. h) He mustbetold the news. i) Wewere supposed to be informed about the change.
Modal + have been + past participle j) Sheshouldn’thave been told the bad news. k) He can’thavebeenseen with her. l) This book musthavebeenleft here by a student. m) Youought tohavebeenallowed to go there.
STATIVE PASSIVE The window is large. (large= adjective) The window is white. (white = adjective) The window is broken. (broken = adjective or passive ????) Yesterday, the window of the classroom was broken by one of the students. (passive action) (öğrenci tarafından kırıldı) When I entered the classroom yesterday, the window was broken. ( stative passive) (cam kırıktı)
The door to the school is always locked by the caretaker after the classes are over. (passive action) We can’t enter that room. The door is locked.(stative passive)
STATIVE PASSIVE WITH PREPOSITIONS I’m interested in music, especially in folk music. She is married to an American. I’m satisfied with the progress you’ve made in English.
THE PASSIVE WITH GET I couldn’t wear my jeans this morning, because they were still wet. (ıslaktı) When I stepped into the hole full of water yesterday, my jeans got wet. (ıslandı) She didn’t want to go out because she was tired. Having worked for three hours without stopping, she got tired. When she came home, she was very annoyed. She got very annoyed when she heard the news.
She disappointed me with her low grades. (beni hayal kırıklığına uğrattı) I was disappointed with her low grades. (hayal kırıklığına uğradım.) He surprises us all with his strange behaviour. We are all surprised at his strange behaviour. He annoyed me by coming late for his appointment. I got annoyed when he came late for his appointment. The dog frightened me when it suddenly appeared in front of me. I got frightened when a dog suddenly appeared in front of me.
BY PHRASE OR ANOTHER PREPOSITION He chopped the wood with an axe. The wood was chopped with an axe (by him). The burglar hit the owner on the head with a stone. The owner was hit on the head with a stone (by the burglars). You must write your compositions in ink. Your compositions must be written in ink. A stone rolled down the cliffs and he was injured by the falling stone.
IMPERSONAL PRONOUNS IN THE PASSIVE Nobody can repair this broken vase. This broken vase can’t be repaired by anybody. No one has considered the result like this. The result hasn’t been considered like this (by anyone). You can’t do anything about this case. Nothing can be done about this case. They don’t allow anyone to leave early. No one is allowed to leave early.
PASSIVE WITH GERUNDS-INFINITIVES I want to go abroad. (no passive) I would like to read a book. (no passive)l I like swimming. Everybody likes him. He is liked by everybody. The secretary wants to work hard. (No passive) I hate someone laughing at me. I hate being laughed at. I like to read for myself. I don’t like to be read to. (Bana kitap okunmasını sevmem)
They don’t allow students to take books out from the library. Students aren’t allowed to take books out from the library. They don’t allow books to be taken out from the library. Books aren’t allowed to be taken out from the library.
IT’S SAID THAT …./ HE IS SAID TO ……..etc People say that he lives abroad now. It is said that he lives abroad now. He is said to live abroad now. People believe that he is the murderer of his wife. It’s believed that he is the murderer of his wife. He is believed to be the murderer of his wife.
PRESENT BE (AM / IS / ARE) They say that the man upstairs is a thief. It is said that the man upstairs is a thief. The man upstairs is said to be a thief.
SIMPLE PRESENT We understand that he dislikes children. It is understood that he dislikes children. He is understood to dislike children.
PAST BE (WAS / WERE) They say that he was very rich in the past. It is said that he was very rich in the past. He is said to have been very rich in the past.
SIMPLE PAST People claim that he left the country two months ago. It is claimed that he left the ……………. He is claimed to have left the country…………
PRESENT PERFECT People think that he has deserted his family. It’s thought that he has deserted his family. He is thought to have deserted his family.
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE We think that he is waiting there now. It’s thought that he is waiting there now. He is thought to be waiting there now.
PAST PROGRESSIVE People say that he was working very hard. It is said that he was working very hard. He is said to have been working very hard.
FUTURE TENSE (WILL / GOING TO) People expect that the rate of exchange will / is going to go down soon. It is expected that the rate of exhange will / is going to go down soon. The rate of exchange is expected to go / to be going down soon.
PRESENT PASSIVE (AM/IS/ARE) They say that a lot of electrical appliances are stolen every day. It is said that a lot of electrical appliances are stolen eery day. A lot of electrical appliances are said to be stolen every day.
PAST PASSIVE (WAS/WERE DONE) They report that two people were killed in the explosion. It is reported that two people were killed in the explosion. Two people are reported to have been killed in the explosion.
People believed that he had committed the crime. It was believed that he had committed the crime. He was believed to have committed the crime. They believe that she acted deliberately. It is believed that she acted ………. She is believed to have acted deliberately.
They believed that she knew the truth. She was believed to know the truth. They believed that she had acted deliberately. She was believed to have acted deliberately. They reported that the two sides had been fighting for two months. It was reported that the two sides had been fighting………… The two sides were reported to have been fighting…………