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©2007 Prentice Hall Organizational Behavior: An Introduction to Your Life in Organizations Chapter 19 OB is for Life
©2007 Prentice Hall Preview Beyond this book, how can you continue to learn about OB? What more do you need to know about the scientific approach to human behavior? How do you read a scientific journal article? What are some current controversies that may affect the study and practice of OB in the future? What resources can you use to learn even more about human behavior in organizations?
©2007 Prentice Hall Beyond this book, how can you continue to learn about OB? Hone your interpersonal and organizational understanding and skills. Gain experience. Look for feedback on your strengths and weaknesses. Identify your unique challenges and work on them. Launch your career successfully, building the necessary expertise, reputation, and networks to create a power base to advance yourself, or perhaps run your own company Refer back to what you have studied
©2007 Prentice Hall What more do you need to know about the scientific approach to human behavior? Researchers can give a broader picture that allows you to weigh alternatives Researchers pursue answers to questions in a systematic way Think of them as hypotheses to be further tested in the real world situation you are facing
©2007 Prentice Hall How do social scientists test hypotheses? Field studies: interact with their subjects in their real life organizations Questionnaire studies: ask participants to fill out a survey Laboratory experiments: research is done in settings that allow the researcher to rigorously control the conditions Examining secondary-source materials
©2007 Prentice Hall Analyzing hypotheses Qualitative methods are based on an individual’s or individuals’ observations and interpretations Quantitative methods use statistical analysis to summarize and analyze measurable data points to yield results
©2007 Prentice Hall What are some key ethical issues in social science research? Researchers performing studies on human subjects must take precautions that protect their subjects from physical and psychological harm The possibility of manipulating data to get desired results Suppressing data that might not be desirable to a funding authority The fact that many published studies are not replicated The possibility of manipulating the peer review process
©2007 Prentice Hall How are articles structured? The first part is the abstract, which tells you the purpose of the study and its major findings The first part of the body of the article is the introduction This section is followed by a discussion of the theoretical background of the research Next is a methodology section covering which research method was used for collecting data Next you will come to the results section, which presents the conclusions This is followed by a discussion section that includes implications of the study
©2007 Prentice Hall How do articles integrate practical applications? Level 1: Your goal is to learn the implications of this research for practitioners Level 2: Your goal is to understand exactly how useful this research is as a guide to practical applications Level 3: Your goal is to understand the research methodology and findings in every detail in order to build on them for future research
©2007 Prentice Hall What are some basic types of statistical analyses? Multiple regression is used when a researcher wants to explain the relationship between multiple independent variables and a dependent variable Correlation shows the relationship between two variables Factor analysis finds relationships between and among variables and then organizes similar variables into factors Meta-analysis is a way to synthesize the results of many previous studies
©2007 Prentice Hall What are the different roles of academic and practitioner journals? Academic journals are those journals in which research and the research process are the primary focus. The vast majority of academic journals are blind peer reviewed Practitioner journals focus less on the process of research and more on the findings
©2007 Prentice Hall What are some current controversies that may affect the study and practice of OB in the future? Who should organizations serve? Stockholders or the greater public good? Critical theorists would like to see OB take a more challenging approach toward business organizations What should OB professors study and teach? What has been learned through social science or what has been learned through managerial experience? What you see is what you have learned to look for. But is it the truth? Views of modernism and postmodernism
©2007 Prentice Hall What resources can you use to learn even more about human behavior in organizations? Further education – courses or degrees Further reading – books (classics and new), magazines, journals Use the human resource management (HRM) department in your company Current Techniques and Fads – consider the validity and fit for your organization
©2007 Prentice Hall Apply what you have learned Advice from the Pro’s Gain Experience
©2007 Prentice Hall Summary – Beyond this book, how can you continue to learn about OB? Deepen your knowledge of OB history, the latest research, and current controversies Understand current research more completely by understanding its context in history In the companies for which you work or will work, use organizational resources to help you
©2007 Prentice Hall Summary – What more do you need to know about the scientific approach to human behavior? How researchers test hypotheses What types of statistical analysis are common Understand ethical issues in the treatment of human subjects
©2007 Prentice Hall Summary – How do you read a scientific journal article? Understand the parts of a journal article: the abstract, introduction, theoretical background, methodology, results and discussion Learn to read scientific studies for their practical implications Grasp at least the basics of statistical analysis, including multiple regression, correlation, factor analysis, and meta-analysis Understand the difference between a scholarly journal and a practitioner journal
©2007 Prentice Hall Summary – What are some current controversies that may affect the study and practice of OB in the future? Who should organizations serve? What should OB professors study and teach? What different perspectives should be included in organizational research?
©2007 Prentice Hall Summary – What resources can you use to learn even more about human behavior in organizations? Look to your human resources management group for expertise Read the history and current science Observe on your own Staying up on the current fads can build your reputation as an effective manager
Critical Reading Strategies: Overview of Research Process
Action Research Not traditional educational research often research tests theory not practical Teacher research in classrooms and/or schools/districts.
Writing for Publication
8. Evidence-based management Step 3: Critical appraisal of studies
Chapter 2: Research Methods in I/O Learning Objectives Understand the empirical research cycle. Know the relative advantages and disadvantages of the laboratory.
Critiquing Research Articles For important and highly relevant articles: 1. Introduce the study, say how it exemplifies the point you are discussing 2.
Chapter 3 Doing Sociological Research 1. Sociology & the Scientific Method The research process: 1.Developing a research question 2.Creating a research.
Getting Started: Research and Literature Reviews An Introduction.
Agenda for January 25 th Administrative Items/Announcements Attendance Handouts: course enrollment, RPP instructions Course packs available for sale in.
Topics - Reading a Research Article Brief Overview: Purpose and Process of Empirical Research Standard Format of Research Articles Evaluating/Critiquing.
Sociological Research Chapter Two. Copyright © 2004 by Nelson, a division of Thomson Canada Outline Why is Sociological Research Necessary? The Sociological.
Introduction to Communication Research
Methodology: How Social Psychologists Do Research
Introduction to Theory & Research Design
Factors affecting contractors’ risk attitudes in construction projects: Case study from China 박병권.
Fig Theory construction. A good theory will generate a host of testable hypotheses. In a typical study, only one or a few of these hypotheses can.
Chapter 2: The Research Enterprise in Psychology
An Introduction to Research Methodology
McGraw-Hill © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. The Nature of Research Chapter One.
DR. AHMAD SHAHRUL NIZAM ISHA
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