Presentation on theme: "Learning to Read Reading to Learn Presented by: Gail Hannas Parents and Reading www.flreads.org."— Presentation transcript:
Learning to Read Reading to Learn Presented by: Gail Hannas Parents and Reading www.flreads.org
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 1. Help your children acquire a wide-range of knowledge. Involving your children in conversation about anything and everything daily will give them background knowledge.
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 2. Talk with your children about their experiences. This will help your children learn new words and understand the process of putting thoughts together. This will also allow you to share your past experiences with your child.
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 3. Encourage your children to think about events. Ask them to describe these events. Share local and national news, school news, movies, etc. Your values and views are important to your children.
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 4. Read aloud to your children. Younger children love to hear stories. Older children and adults also value this experience. Share tidbits that you want them to know by reading small excerpts to them.
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 5. Provide your children with writing materials. Younger children like to write their own stories. Be sure to have paper, pencils, markers, crayons, and magnetic letters. Special themed stationary is great for older children. Journals can be completed by families daily, weekly, monthly, etc. Start a “My Life and Times” diary.
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 6. Encourage your children to watch TV programs that have educational value. Watch shows with your children. Discuss the shows. Watch movies -read the books- and share similarities and differences.
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 7. Monitor how much TV your children watch. Research shows that watching up to 10 hours a week could be positive; however, the more children watch TV, the less they read = lower scores in performance on tests: 98%tile reading score read 1 hour daily 50%tile reading score read 5 mins. daily 20%tile reading score read less than 1 min. daily
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 8. Monitor your children’s school performance. Children tend to be more successful readers when their parents have an accurate view of what their child is doing in school. (Checkpoint for progress in Reading and Writing for Families and Communities - Developed by subgroup of America Reads Challenge: Read*Write*Now)
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 9. Encourage your children to read independently. One of your top priorities should be to encourage your children to spend more time reading - books, magazines, newspapers
10 Ways to Help Your Children Become Better Readers 10. Continue your personal involvement in your child’s growth as readers. Set a good example for your children by reading. Establish rules for reading activities.
Kindergarten -2nd Grade From Sunshine State Standards: Get better at reading and writing by speaking and getting to know the alphabet, sounds, and words. They learn to develop vocabulary by listening to and discussing stories that are read aloud and can summarize stories by giving details of events Understand and follow simple directions
Kindergarten -2nd Grade Understand that print goes from left to right Know the letters and sounds of the alphabet Know simple words and begins to recognize high frequency words by sight Start to read signs, food packages, everyday items Like being read to and has favorite books of different types - fiction, non-fiction, poetry They can generate ideas for writing
How you can help! Read out loud and talk about stories every day Get your child a library card and go to the library regularly Read nursery rhymes and sing songs together Talk with your child’s teacher often about your child’s work Let your child see you reading for fun Kindergarten -2nd Graders
Take time each day to talk about school and share your day Have a writing supply box with crayons and paper Watch education TV programs together that teach letter sounds and words. Limit other television viewing Listen to your child Encourage your child to act out stories in plays or puppet shows with friends, brothers/sisters, relatives, etc. Kindergarten -2nd Graders
Have your child draw a picture. Together, write a story that goes with that picture. You may use a family photograph, a picture from a magazine, or one drawn by child. Play games with your child that require concentration - card games, memory games, etc. Play rhyming games, sing songs with rhymes, and play with the sounds of words. Kindergarten -2nd Graders
Make tape recordings of books when you will not be available to read in person. The child can still “read with you” in your absence…great for non- custodial parents who want to read regularly with their child. Read a story to the child and have him retell the story to you later. Ask questions during reading...”What do you think will happen? Guess the ending, what would you do?” Kindergarten -2nd Graders
Strategies for Learning to Read Parent led activities: Introduce a new book - look at the cover - think what the book will be about- do a picture read - look at new vocabulary Guess the Ending Predicting - “ What do you think will happen next?” “What should he do?” Give help when needed- Wait time: use cueing strategies Does it make sense? What is the beginning sound? Does it sound right? Skip it and read on to the end. Backtrack and reread. Use key words and picture clues. Find chunks of words that you know. Use letter sounds from families - onsets and rimes.
Strategies for Learning to Read Choose books with: Repetition or rhymes Simple Text Predictability Picture clues Interest to child
Strategies for Learning to Read Reread favorite books Retell the story Tape a book Put a story in order Play word games
From Sunshine State Standards: v (read and write every day. They start to move from “Learning to Read” to “Reading to Learn.” ) Read many kinds of children’s books Read for fun, information, and understanding Use different ways of reading - sounding out words, getting information from the story, and personal knowledge - to understand stories and new words Understand main ideas and purpose 3rd - 5th Graders
They can identify fact, fiction and opinion in texts In writing, they create logical beginning, middle and ending appropriate to their writing. They can identify an author’s purpose in writing They can read and organize information and understands how plots are developed. 3rd - 5th Graders
How you can help! Have a daily family reading time. Take turns reading out loud Talk about family and community events Talk with your child’s teacher and ask how you can help with learning at home Ask your child to read wherever you go - in the car, grocery store or park
3rd - 5th Graders Watch and talk about TV shows together Give books and magazine subscriptions as gifts Encourage conversation; share experiences Ask questions about what the main ideas are from fiction and non-fiction books and articles.
Sixth- Eighth Graders read many different kinds of writing, improve their listening and speaking skills, and write for different reasons and audiences. Read and understands fiction and nonfiction Read from books, magazines, newspapers, and other sources both inside and outside school Connect ideas and information in reading with real-life experiences Understand the author’s purpose, tone, point of view, plot, and theme or main idea
Sixth- Eighth Graders How you can help! Have family time to talk about books and take turns reading out loud Visit the library regularly to borrow books, do research, and use computer resources Make sure your child has regular place for study and time to study Ask your child daily about schoolwork and activities Ask and help your child write notes and letters
Ninth - Twelfth Graders From Sunshine State Standards: Begin to read more complex literature Use non-fiction information information to develop deeper understanding of subjects Use resource materials with ease and understanding Make judgments, evaluate, interpret, and analyze comparisons of what they read In writing, they understand the importance of draft and revisions, has clarity in presentation of ideas and provides for logical progression of ideas
Ninth - Twelfth Graders Read and understands challenging material including fiction and nonfiction books, magazines, and newspapers Read to reach academic goals and gain knowledge Use ways of reading such as thinking ahead and looking at main ideas to understand context Can see the author’s purpose and judge its value. Can assimilate facts from background information to draw inferences, make decisions, and solve problems read widely and in detail on many topics and for enjoyment.
Grades 9-12 zYou can: Become familiar with learning strategies that follow and help your child learn to use them independently providing assistance when needed.
Have a plan for taking notes Size (or underlining) Organize facts to show relationship Date each page and note subject/source in corner Write clearly so you can read it later Don’t try to write down everything Develop your own shorthand (abbreviate) Strategies for Reading to Learn Grades 6-12
Don’t try to write everything down-listen for key words Listen for clues such as “the four causes were” or “to sum up” If the class discusses the topic, just note major conclusions If the teacher emphasizes a point, such as by writing it on the board, put it in your notes. Strategies for Reading to Learn
Get the BIG picture first - Glance through chapter headings and subtitles Read summary paragraphs at the end of each section or chapter to get a general idea Read for Key Points Paragraph / chapter / sentence Reading Speed Skim pages if you are looking for the general idea Read slowly if you are looking for details Strategies for Reading to Learn
Use a tape recorder Color code materials Draw pictures Learn to type or use a computer Keep a journal Ask questions
Strategies for Reading to Learn Make crossword puzzles Make a word wall/bank Make a dictionary Fill in the letters Make word search puzzles Use special dictionaries How To Spell It: A Dictionary of Commonly Misspelled Words by Harriet Wittels and Joan Greisman (New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1973. The Bad Speller’s Dictionary by J. Krevisky and J. Linfield (New York: Random House, 1963)
Strategies for Reading to Learn Use a ruler or card to keep your place when reading Use pictures as clues to help visualize what you are reading Make a study guide as you read your assignments - p. 61 Look at map of explorers p. 63 Study reason explorers left homeland identify key words Hawaii - last state - volcanoes
Strategies for Reading to Learn Decide what the question is asking: analyzecomparecontrast describeevaluate define examine interpret list summarize explainprove
What Parents Can Do to Help! Encourage reading on a regular basis. Allow extra time for reading if at all possible. Allow a later bedtime or set a specific time for reading – books, magazines, hobby information, etc Encourage this age to read to younger brothers and sisters. Play games like Scrabble, Scattergories and Balderdash together as they are fun and reinforce reading skills.
What Parents Can Do to Help! Limit television viewing and video game playing Plan time for homework daily; if no homework, time should be spent reading. Plan time at the library to increase awareness of materials available. Ask your child to review a movie or book for you, either verbally or in writing. Develop a family newsletter or family history. Have your child interview older family members to find out how times have changed.
What Parents Can Do to Help! At a meal, everyone shares something new they have read that day. You could also have family members share something that they are reading as an update on a book. Have a library/ education scavenger hunt. Choose a variety of facts to find, author information, resources, etc.
What Parents Can Do to Help! Read and discuss the same books or newspaper articles as children. Encourage use of the newspaper to find different types of information. Keep a sharing board for the family to stay in touch with activities, items of interest, schedules, etc. Learn a word for the day, or a list of five words for the week. You may also have each family member introduce a personal new word each day. Encourage vocabulary building by using information from SAT study guides. Important for FCAT and college placement!
What Parents Can Do to Help! Communicate with your child about homework, projects, tests, etc. Talk about current events, books, articles and television shows during meal times, in the car, etc. Ask your child what they think about different current events – political races, television prime time shows, world cultures/ religious concerns, etc. This develops higher level thinking skills and speaking fluency.
168 hours / week 56 hours/ sleep 10 hours/eat 5 hours / dressing, showering, etc. 35 hours / school 10 hours / before/after school 52 hours free Time for Study
What Parents Can Do to Help! Spend time talking to your children every day. Talk about everything - Your values education, society, life. This will make a difference! **GO MAD** Go Out - Make A Difference