Presentation on theme: "EQUAL OPPORTUNITY 101 Jessica K. Larkin, Equal Opportunity Specialist U.S. Department of Labor Civil Rights Center Office of Compliance and Policy."— Presentation transcript:
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY 101 Jessica K. Larkin, Equal Opportunity Specialist U.S. Department of Labor Civil Rights Center Office of Compliance and Policy
Overview Laws Covered: Workforce Investment Act, Section 188 Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, as amended Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended
Sec. 188 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 - Race, Color, & National Origin (Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964) - Includes limited English proficiency - Religion - Sex (Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972) - Includes Pregnancy and LGBTI - Any Age (Age Discrimination Act of 1975) - Disability (Sec. 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973) - Political Affiliation or Belief - WIA Participant Status “No individual shall be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, subjected to discrimination under, or denied employment in the administration of or in connection with, any such program or activity because of…”
Sec. 188 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 WIA Provisions Apply to: Programs and activities that are part of the One-Stop delivery system partners listed in section to the extent that the programs and activities are being conducted as part of the One-Stop delivery system; and The employment practices of a recipient and/or One-Stop partner
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 “No person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”
What is a recipient? Recipient = Primary and Subrecipients The Larkin Construction Training Program receives funds from an American Job Center to provide training for its participants. Larkin Construction Training Program is a subrecipient and is subject to Title VI rules and regulations. The recipient is the entire program or activity, if any part of that agency or institution receives Federal financial assistance. (The Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987) The Larkin Construction Training Program receives federal financial assistance from DOL. The Larkin Construction Training program also has a nursing program. Is the nursing program also subject to Title VI rules and regulations? Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 cont.
The three protected classes of Title VI: Race Persons of any race are protected Color Pigmentation, completion, shade, or tone National Origin Country of origin, ethnicity, & accent (real or perceived) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 cont.
National Origin - Limited English proficiency (LEP) LEP individuals must be provided meaningful access to recipient programs. LEP Resources LEP.gov CRC Guidance on LEP http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/fedreg/notices/2003013125.pdf http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/fedreg/notices/2003013125.pdf CRC Website : External Enforcement, Training & Compliance Assistance Tools – LEP toolkit http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/crc/lepcnt.htm http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/crc/lepcnt.htm Title VI Resource U.S. Department of Justice Title VI Legal Manual http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/cor/coord/vimanual.php http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/cor/coord/vimanual.php
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title VII prohibits employers and employment agencies from discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Employment agency = any person regularly undertaking with or without compensation to procure employees for an employer or to procure for employees opportunities to work for an employer and includes agents of such person. As an employment agency, prohibited from: “print, publish, or cause to be printed” and discriminatory job announcement Refusing to refer an individual for employment based on a protected class Learn More at EEOC: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 “No person in the United states shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”
What is covered under Sex? Gender: Male or Female Pregnancy Pregnancy Webinar (http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/crc/TitleIX_webinar_03-11-14.ppt) Marital or Parental Status Sexual Orientation & LGBTI LGBTI = Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered, & Intersex Learn More at DOJ Title IX Webpage (http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/cor/coord/titleix.php) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 cont.
Age Discrimination Act of 1975 “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of age, be excluded from participation, in be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under, any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.” * Age = all ages (old or young)
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Prohibits discrimination based on disability for entities receiving federal financial assistance Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended Prohibits discrimination based on disability by State and local government entities Disability Laws
No individual with a disability…shall, solely by reason of his or her disability, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance… Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended (ADA) Subject to the provisions of this title, no individual shall, by reason of such disability, be excluded from participation in or denied the benefits of the services, programs, or activities of a public entity, or be subjected to discrimination by an such entity.
Who is covered? 1. Individuals with a disability, and Definition of Disability: Physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities 2. Individual that is Qualified. Meets essential eligibility requirements, and Can perform essential function with or without reasonable accommodation Section 504 & Title II of ADA
Disability Laws cont. Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 ("ADA Amendments Act" or "Act") broadens coverage to the definition of the term “disability” for both ADA & Section 504 makes it easier for an individual to establish that he or she has a disability
Disability Resources ADA.gov - Title II Technical Assistance Manual http://www.ada.gov/taman2.html Disability.gov information on disability programs and services nationwide U.S. Department of Justice – “A Guide to Disability Rights” - http://www.ada.gov/cguide.htm http://www.ada.gov/cguide.htm CRC Compliance Assistance Tools http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/crc/external-compliance- assistance.htm http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/crc/external-compliance- assistance.htm
What does discrimination look like? Disparate Treatment Disparate Impact Harassment Retaliation
Disparate Impact & Treatment Disparate Treatment: An intentional decision to treat individuals differently based on a protected class. Disparate Impact: A facially neutral policy or practice that has a disproportionate "adverse impact" on members of a protected group. ETA /CRC– “Criminal Record Restrictions and Disparate Impact Based on Race and National Origin” TEGL http://wdr.doleta.gov/directives/corr_doc.cfm?DOCN=9230 http://wdr.doleta.gov/directives/corr_doc.cfm?DOCN=9230
Harassment Definition: Unwelcomed verbal or physical conduct based on a protected class Severe and pervasive Condition of employment, benefit, service, or participation Types of Harassment: 1. Hostile Environment 2. Quid Pro Quo
Retaliation Definition: Retaliation occurs when a recipient takes an… adverse action against a covered individual because he or she engaged in a protected activity
Helpful Tips… Put an Equal Opportunity Officer in place Know the law and educate others Develop EO policies and procedures Monitor policies and procedures to ensure compliance Ensure Customers know they can file a complaint with EO Officer and CRC Contact the Civil Rights Center for compliance assistance