2 Reasons for Exploration The Plague and WarfareNew Trade RoutesNew TechnologyMercantilism/GoldSpread Christianity
3 Prince Henry the Navigator Son of King John I of PortugalSupported Portugal’s Exploration and Trade with Africa and AsiaInvented or encouraged the use of the Caravel and AstrolabeDeathly afraid of water
4 Christopher Columubus Christopher ColumbusBackgroundChristopher Columubus1. Born in Genoa, Italy in 14512. An experienced sailor, and cartographer (mapmaker)3. Searched for faster trade routes to India and China, other than the ones found in Marco Polo’s journals.4. Originally asked the Portuguese for sponsorship in
5 Columbus’s Journey 1. Columbus set sail on 8/3/1492 2. His ships were the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria3. Columbus landed in the “New World” (Hispaniola and Cuba) on 10/12/14924. Columbus would make 4 journeys to the “New World” from , always thinking he’d made it to Asia
6 Reasons to Explore1. Columbus came in search of Gold and riches to ship back to Spain.3. Sought Glory by bringing some of the natives and samples of the flora back to Spain.2. Spread Christianity, (God) primarily Roman Catholicism with the blessing of Pope Alexander VI.
7 Spanish Explorers Explorers Area Explored De Soto De Leon Cortes CabrilloCoronadoBalboaPizarroSails up the Mississippi River and explores the Gulf of MexicoExplores Florida and searches for the Fountain of YouthConquers the Aztecs in MexicoExplores the Pacific CoastExplores ColoradoDiscovers the Pacific OceanConquers the Incas in Peru
8 Portuguese Exploration ExplorersArea Explored1. Diaz2. da Gama3. Cabral1. East Coast of Africa and Sails the Cape of Good Hope.2. Circumnavigates the coast of Africa and explores India3. Explores Brazil
12 St. Augustine, FL 1565The First Successful European Colony in North America.It is the oldest continuous city in North AmericaEstablished Spain’s control of the east coast of North America, and acted as a base for Spanish Pirate raids in the Caribbean.
13 Social Pyramid in Spanish Colonies Mestizos (people of mixed race)Native People and African SlavesSocial Pyramid in Spanish Colonies•The Spanish colonial organization was based on hierarchical structure, which placed the Spanish at the top of the colonial society.•Mestizos were people made up of Spanish and Native cultures•Native Americans and Slaves were at the bottom of the Social Structure.
14 The Mission System1. To establish security for its colonies, including its most valuable; New Mexico, Spain established the Mission System.2. The Mission System was created by Fr. Junipero Serra3. Missions were established along the frontier from California (San Francisco) to South Carolina.