Presentation on theme: "5 Characteristics of Low Achieving Students"— Presentation transcript:
1 5 Characteristics of Low Achieving Students Incomplete assignmentsNot attending to the taskLack of motivationUnorganizedHigh absenteeismHave half the room write characteristics of low achieving students and half skills needed for academic success.100 teachers were asked this question. What are the 5…… Their answers were
2 5 Skills For Academic Success Follow DirectionsComplete WorkBe PreparedParticipateBe Motivated100 teachers were asked this question: What are the 5…. Their answers were.
3 Compare Have Incomplete assignments Not attending Lack of motivation UnorganizedHigh absenteeismNeedComplete WorkFollow DirectionsBe motivatedBe PreparedParticipateYou can see that what low achieving students have is not what they need.
4 Strategic Instruction Model Center for Research on Learningat theUniversity of KansasPresenter: Debra StelkConsultant AEA9So, have I got the answer for you.
5 What is it?The Strategic Instruction Model is a research based comprehensive approach to teaching adolescents who struggle to become good readers, writers, and learners.The first thing I want to emphasize is that it is research based and comprehensive. And…it was designed for adolescents.
6 Outcomes Develop knowledge of the Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) Explain the difference between a Content Enhancement Routine and a Learning StrategyIdentify critical content area where you could use Content Enhancement Routines and Learning StrategiesThis morning I would like you to be able to achieve these outcomes. Read
7 Where does it come from? Center for Research on Learning University of KansasFounded in 1978Don Deshler$80 million spent on ResearchDon Deshler, Gordon Alley , Gary Clark1976, special ed law just passed requiring k-12, services in reality had only been provided till grade 6, CEC conference in Chicago, submitted a presentation on secondary LD, anticipated 30 people and 300 showed up, they recognized that they had ideas but no data, secured fundingThe following summer the Center for research on Learning
8 What does the research show ? Increased performance on testsIncreased performance on writing assignmentsIncreased performance on concept mastery
9 Why is it important? Challenges Increase in content to be covered Increase in performance standardsIncrease in student diversityIncrease in class sizeThere are challenges in the classroom and of which you have personal knowledge. And I suspect with more inclusion ,the diversity in the classroom is increasing.
10 Information Explosion/ Instructional Time Dilemma 1960TimeContent19802000This slide graphically illustrates the fact that the amount of content now required for students to understand and be able to demonstrate has grown dramatically whereas the amount of time to teach that content has not increased over time.
11 The Performance Gap NCLB 2013 – 2014 School Year The “GAP” 12 11 10 9 87654321School YearNCLB – 2014 School YearThe “GAP”Demands/ SkillsThe red line demonstrates the anticipated growth of students and shows the normal slope of growth for students if they are to become proficient by 12th grade. Students who are at-risk tend to plateau at the 8th grade or earlier. This performance gap widens over time unless students are given skills and strategies to help overcome this.Years in School
12 The Details Strategic Instruction Model Promoting Learning Coverage is aboutPromoting LearningCoverageForAll LearnersIs supported byResponds toTeamingCurrentRealitiesRequires instruction in and infusion ofIncludesRequires informed and explicitKeyComponentsLearningStrategiesTeachingRoutinesSuch asSuch asStrategicInstructionSuch asAContinuumof ActionSmarterPlanning
13 The Pattern Game5049334534461841251742221093037131421612622953827483361671220Here’s a strategy that might help you. The even number are on your right and the odd number are on you left.Let’s try this graphic assistance.153511244319284740323931234448
14 The Pattern Game5049334534461841251742221093037131421612622953827483361671220As you can tell, your ability to complete the assignment improved dramatically with a verbal cue and a visual stratagy.153511244319284740323931234448
15 Rigorous Standards Palatable for teachers Have value for high and average achieving studentsHave an effect on low achieving studentsResults in statistically significant gains for studentsThe skill must be maintained and generalizedThe Strategic Instruction Model or SIM for short is not just a line down the paper.
16 5 Phases of the Curriculum Development Model IdentificationDesignPilot-testResearchRefinementTheses steps in development wer utilized in creating the SIM strategies and routines. What might be different about this development is that it was conducted with teachers and in classroom at every level.And…it was conducted at the secondary level. It wasn’t a primary strategy altered for secondary.
17 Strategic Instruction Model Content Enhancement RoutineTeacher directedGeneral EducationVisual DeviceEnhance CoreImprove PerformanceResearch BasedCue-Do-ReviewLess TimeClassroom AssessmentLarge GroupLearner MotivatedLearning StrategiesLearner drivenSpecial EducationMnemonicIntensiveImprove PerformanceResearch BasedStages of AcquisitionMore TimeCharting/Graphing/DataSmall GroupTeacher MediatedThis is a comparison of Content Enhance Routines and Learning Strategies.Cue do review and Stages of Acquisition - PROCESS
18 Content Enhancement Routines Can be infused into any contentApplies to high, middle and low achieversEasy to teach and evaluateMakes a positive difference
19 Content EnhancementAn approach to teaching content to academically diverse groups of studentsThe dey here is academically diverse students. Everyone learns with the routines.
20 Content Enhancement Routines Planning and LearningThe Course OrganizerThe Unit OrganizerThe Lesson OrganizerExplainingThe Clarifying RoutineThe Framing RoutineThe Survey RoutineTeaching ConceptsConcept AnchoringConcept ComparisonConcept MasteryIncreasing PerformanceQuality AssignmentQuestion ExplorationRecall EnhancementVocabulary LINCingHere are the Routines. Today we will be training the Course organizer, Unit Organizer, and the Framing routines.
21 Course Organizer The This Course: Course Questions: Teacher(s):Time:TheCourse OrganizerStudent:Course Dates:This Course:Course Questions:isaboutHere are some example of the visual devices used in routines.
22 Course Map Learning Rituals Units Community Performance Principles This Course:includesPerformanceOptionsStudent:Critical ConceptsLearned in theseUnits
23 UNIT SELF-TEST QUESTIONS NAMEDATEThe Unit OrganizerBIGGER PICTURELAST UNIT/ExperienceCURRENT UNITNEXT UNITUNIT SELF-TEST QUESTIONSis about...UNITRELATIONSHIPSUNIT SCHEDULEUNIT MAP13245678
24 The Unit Organizer Expanded Unit Map NAME DATE 9 is about... 10 SELF-TESTQUESTIONSNEWUNITExpanded Unit Mapis about...910
25 The FRAME Routine Essential details Key TopicMain ideais about…So What? (What’s important to understand about this?)Essential details
26 Content Enhancement Process Cue the studentsDo the RoutineReviewA 3 step process
27 Learning StrategyA research based eight-stage process to promote mastery and generalization of specific skills.Learning strategies are used with small groups or individuals. They are more intensive and work on speciafic skills.Some of these can be adapted for the general education classroom and I know some of you are doing that already.
28 Learning Strategies Specific skill Taught individually or in small groupIntensive InstructionMakes a positive difference
29 Learning Strategies Strategies for Reading Word Identification Self-QuestioningVisual ImageryParaphrasingStrategies for Studying & RememberingFIRST-letter MnemonicPaired AssociatesLINC VocabularyStrategies for WritingSentence WritingParagraph WritingError MonitoringInSPECT (word processing)Strategies for PerformanceAssignment CompletionStrategic TutoringTest-takingThese are some learning Strategies for reading, writing , studying and perfomance.
30 Steps of the Word Identification Strategy Step 1 Discover the contextStep 2 Isolate the prefixStep 3 Separate the suffixStep 4 Say the stemStep 5 Examine the stemStep 6 Check with someoneStep 7 Try the dictionarySome examples of the nmuemonic devices used with the strategies.
31 Steps for Sentence Writing Step 1 Pick a formulaStep 2 Explore words to fit the formulaStep 3 Note the wordsStep 4 Search and check
32 Learning Strategies Process Pretest and make a commitment to learnDescribeModelVerbal RehearsalControlled Practice and FeedbackGrade Appropriate PracticePost test and commitment to generalizeGeneralizationAs you can see in the 8 stage process, there is intensive instruction and data collection.
33 Do you know? What is the Strategic Instruction Model? The Strategic Instruction Model is a research based comprehensive approach to teaching adolescents who struggle to become good readers, writers, and learners.
34 Do you know? What is Content Enhancement? Content Enhancement is an approach to teaching content to academically diverse groups of students.
35 Do you know? What is a Learning Strategy? A Learning Strategy is a research based eight-stage process to promote mastery and generalization of specific skills with individual students or small groups.
36 Do you know?Can you identify critical content area where YOU can use the Strategic Intervention Model?
37 KU Strategies and Routines The KU strategies and routines will help your students develop those skills needed for academic success.