Presentation on theme: "Ancient Egypt High School acceleration April 25-26, 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Egypt High School acceleration April 25-26, 2013
When people hear Egypt, they usually think of...
Timeline of Egyptian Kingdoms 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 BCE BCE BCE BCE BCE Pre-Dynastic ? – 2,600 BCE Old Kingdom 2600-2100 BCE Middle Kingdom 2100-1567 BCE New Kingdom 1567-1085 BC
Egyptian Milestones Pre-Dynastic – Hieroglyphics (method of writing that used pictures for words) developed – Irrigation methods perfected by Mesopotamians were brought to Nile River Valley Old Kingdom – Pyramids and sphinx were built during this time – Memphis was capital – Kingdom was divided into upper and lower
Egyptian Milestones (cont.) Middle Kingdom – Upper and Lower kingdoms reunited – Economy and society grew with state-sponsored building plans – New irrigation and canal system introduced – Religious center was Thebes
Egyptian Milestones (cont.) New Kingdom – Some of most famous pharaohs ruled – Tutankhamun (King Tut) and Ramses – Egypt begins to lose power; Invaded by Kushites and Assyrians – Begins canal from Nile to Red Sea – Economy prospers despite coming Persian invasion
Egyptian Milestones (cont.) – 525 B.C. Persian empire invades Egypt – King Darius finishes canal and connects Egypt to rest of Persian Empire – 404 B.C. Egypt regains control from Persia – 60 years later, Persia re-invades and ends native rule of Egypt – 332 B.C. – Alexander the Great invades Egypt. The city of Alexandria is started a year later. The famous library at Alexandria is built. – 30 B.C. – The Roman Empire takes over Egypt.
What was a pharaoh? The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, Had two title: 'Lord of the Two Lands' and 'High Priest of Every Temple'. ‘Lord of the Two Lands' meant he was the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt. He owned all of the land, made laws, collected taxes, and defended Egypt against foreigners. As 'High Priest of Every Temple', the pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. He performed rituals and built temples to honor the gods.
Egyptian Religion Polytheistic Most important god – Ra – the sun god/father of mankind
Anubis – God of the dead – embalmers would wear a jackal mask to represent Anubis
Isis – Queen of the gods; sister-wife of Osiris
Egyptian social classes Pharaoh – Ruler Royal Officials – scribes, priests, nobles Middle Class – merchants Working Class – farmers, craftspeople in workshops, fishermen, boat builders, house workers Slaves and Servants – worked for any class above them
Egyptian Lifestyle Men and women treated equally and had equal rights People could move from one social class to another Education was based more on wealth than gender; school trained you for a skill Plenty of vegetables were grown; grains ground into flour for bread; animals kept for meat