Presentation on theme: "SAP Purchasing Prepared by Lavanya.M. Purchasing The R/3 System consists of a number of components that are completely integrated with one another. This."— Presentation transcript:
Purchasing The R/3 System consists of a number of components that are completely integrated with one another. This integration allows the various departments and units of an enterprise to share and maintain the same information. Purchasing is a component of Materials Management (MM). The Materials Management (MM) module is fully integrated with the other modules of the SAP System. It supports all the phases of materials management: materials planning and control, purchasing, goods receiving, inventory management, and invoice verification. The tasks of the MM Purchasing component are as follows: External procurement of materials and services Determination of possible sources of supply for a requirement identified by the materials planning and control system or arising directly within a user department Monitoring of deliveries from and payments to vendors Good communication between all participants in the procurement process is necessary for Purchasing to function smoothly.
Purchase Order Processing The Purchasing system adopts information from the requisition and the quotation to create a purchase order. As with purchase requisitions, we can generate POs or have the system generate them automatically. Vendor scheduling agreements and contracts (in the SAP System, types of longer-term purchase agreement) are also supported.
Purchasing Process Create a requisition First release of requisition Create RFQ with reference to requisition Create PO with reference to RFQ Department receives material ordered (GR) Department pays invoice (MIRO).
Create Purchase Requisition Create PR – ME51 (Transaction code) Enter the Document Type and click on Enter
Create Purchase Requisition (Contd..) Enter the mandatory details and press enter
Create Purchase Requisition (Contd..) Enter the valuation Price and click enter
Create Purchase Requisition (Contd..) Click on Save
Purchase Requisition is created Create Purchase Requisition (Contd..)
Release purchase Requisition Enter the Purchase Requisition no. and release code. Release PR – ME54 (Transaction code)
Release purchase Requisition (Contd..) Click on Release + save button
Purchase Requisition is changed Release purchase Requisition (Contd..)
Create Request for Quotation Enter the Mandatory details and click on Enter
Create Request for Quotation (Contd..) Enter the Details in the screen and Click on enter
Create Request for Quotation (Contd..) Enter the details of material and vendor and Click on Enter
Create Request for Quotation (Contd..) Enter the Details in the screen and Click on Save
RFQ is created Create Request for Quotation (Contd..)
Creation of Purchase Order Creation of Purchase Order – ME21n (Transaction code) Enter the details of Purch Org, Group and Company code
Creation of Purchase Order (Contd…) Enter the Payment Terms
Creation of Purchase Order (Contd…) Purchase order details displayed
Creation of Purchase Order (Contd…) PO is created, Message is displayed with the document number.
Create Invoice Create Invoice – MIRO (Transaction code) Enter the Purchase order no. and click on Enter, to display the material details. Enter the Required details in all Tabs
Create Invoice (contd..) Click the check box, to calculate the Tax
Create Invoice (contd..) Enter the Amount and click on save
SAP Reports Reports are collection of records that are helpful for arriving at important decisions. Reports can be filtered based on requirements parameters. For e.g., TCode MM60 we can filter based on Material as Plant or Material or it can even be a blind filter.
Purchasing Reports ME53N - Display Purchase Requisition ME5A - Purchase Requisitions: List Display ME5J - Purchase Requisitions for Project ME5K - Requisitions by Account Assignment MELB - Purch. Transactions by Tracking No. ME56 - Assign Source to Purch. Requisition ME57 - Assign and Process Requisitions ME58 - Ordering: Assigned Requisitions ME59 - Automatic Generation of POs ME54 - Release Purchase Requisition ME55 - Collective Release of Purchase Reqs. ME47 – Maintain Quotation ME49 – Price Comparison
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