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CENTRAL AFRICA TODAY 23-3
Democratic Republic of the Congo Belgian colony Many professionals left after it gained independence Ethnic groups fought for power
Military dictator – Joseph Mobutu Changed countries name to Zaire Changes his name to Mobutu Sese Seko
1997 – Civil War New government DRC Lots of minerals Copper, gold, diamonds, cobalt, timber
Capital – Kinshasa Mostly poor slums
Central African Republic Landlocked After independence – lots of corruption Hard to transport resources Poor farmers
Cameroon Fairy stable Republic Lots of goods and transportation Higher standard of living
Equatorial Guinea Mainland and 5 islands Republic Flawed elections Same president for 25 years Poor
Sao Tome and Principe Political instability Island country Poor, few resources Import food Oil - recent
Gabon 1 president since 1967 Highest standard of living in region ½ income is from oil
Republic of Congo Oil and forest products Civil War Mostly urban Capital - Brazzaville
Angola Independent from Portugal in 1975 Civil Wars Republic with elected president
Subsistence farmers Left over land mines Inflation – rise in prices that occur when currency loses its buying power High rate
Diamonds and oil Cabinda – separated by DRC
Zambia Lots of copper mines Debt and inflation Farmers
Malawi Poor Relies on aide from foreign countries and religious groups
Malaria Disease spread by mosquitoes Fever and pain Death without treatment Most common form of death 1 kid killed every 45 seconds
Insecticide Sleeping nets No money
HIV and AIDS 100,000’s die each year in this region Medicine in too expensive Young 45% of people are under 15 years old
Malnutrition Not getting enough nutrients from food
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