Presentation on theme: "What are the challenges of implementing ISSAIs in NAO of Estonia? Krista Zibo Audit manager of Financial Audit Department Meeting of Experts of SAIs of."— Presentation transcript:
What are the challenges of implementing ISSAIs in NAO of Estonia? Krista Zibo Audit manager of Financial Audit Department Meeting of Experts of SAIs of Baltic and Nordic Countries and Poland 4-5 September 2012, Tallinn
Mandate of National Audit Office of Estonia (NAOE) In the course of an audit, the NAOE may assess the following: –internal control, financial management, financial accounting and financial statements of the audited entity; –the legality of the economic activities, including economic transactions of the audited entity; –the performance of the audited entity with regard to its management, organisation and activities; –the reliability of the information technology systems of the audited entity. NAOE is the group auditor of consolidated state accounts. NAOE is also responsible for the direction and supervision of the audits performed by auditors of the components.
Financial audit in NAOE NAOE has to issue an opinion on Consolidated Accounts of Central Government and also consolidated financial statements of ministries The current scope of financial audits include: –an opinion, whether the audited financial statements of the central government/ministry give true and fair view of the financial position and financial outcome of the central government/ministry; –an opinion, whether the transactions of audited period are in compliance with State Budget Act and Annual Budget Act; –in addition NAOE reports audit findings concerning the effectiveness of internal control systems and cases of non- compliance of other regulations, such as Public Procurement Act, State Assets Act.
Principles for financial audits in NAOE The NAOE’s Act, Auditors Activities Act and Auditing Standards give the main principles for conducting audits. These main auditing principles are specified in NAOE’s Auditing Guidelines. NAOE’s Auditing Standards and Guidelines are based on Public Sector Auditing Standards (ISSAI). Our goal has been to implement ISSAIs as much as applicable according to our mandate.
Implementing ISSAIs in financial audits INTOSAI Auditing Standards (incl Code of Ethics) General Auditing Guidelines on Financial Audit ISSAI 4200: Compliance audit guidelines related to the audit of financial statements NAOE audit standard specifies compliance auditing as equally important part of financial statement audits
Implementing General Auditing Guidelines on Financial Audit Necessary steps for implementing the standards: –Writing NAOE’s specific guidelines in order to implement ISSAIs in daily audit work. –Cooperation with and methodology advice from other SAI-s. –Continuous training of staff. –Implementing the system of quality assurance.
Implementing General Auditing Guidelines on Financial Audit (2) Audit methodology has been developed in financial audit department by financial auditors, no separate unit for audit methodology: –methodology updating in the beginning of every new auditing season. Continuous trainings play a key role in implementing any audit methodology: –NAOE’s in-house training program for auditors (for understanding the public sector and for performing compliance audit) –but also in trainings organised by Board of Auditors, by Ministry of Finance –on regular basis financial audit seminars in audit department; –in the beginning of new auditing season lessons from previous season are discussed.
Implementing General Auditing Guidelines on Financial Audit (3) Being a certified auditor is required from audit managers. –financial auditors signing audit reports in NAOE must be certified; –public sector certified auditor – certification, which allows to conduct audits in public sector entities; –common certification system with private sector; –certification system has been worked out by Ministry of Finance and Board of Auditors; –certification includes 8 modules, one of them for public sector regulations Quality reviews of audits are conducted once a year by private audit companies or by ourselves: –gives us valuable feedback, how to comply with international standards on auditing; –voluntary up till now; required in the future.
Implementing General Auditing Guidelines on Financial Audit (4) NAOE has started cooperation with Tallinn University of Technology in opening a master study program for financial auditors. NAOE auditors may take part in courses.
Implementing Compliance Audit Guidelines in financial audits The main objective is to move towards reporting in the form of reasonable assurance opinions. So far NAOE has expressed opinion based on reasonable assurance only on the subject matter concerning budget law. Compliance Audit Guidelines are too general for direct implementation (comparing with financial audit guidelines): –requires lot of work in methodology development. Limitation of scope is necessary – only the most important laws and provisions and relevant subject matter are audited on the basis of reasonable assurance.
Implementing Compliance Audit Guidelines in financial audits(2) The subject matter and scope of the compliance audit is based on the professional judgement of the NAOE. Three particular laws and relevant subject matter that we focus on are: –The Budget Law, –The State Assets Act, –The State Procurement Act. The main challenges are determining of materiality and risk assessment at assertion level in compliance audit: –The fundamental principles of each law are handled as management assertions (criteria); Irregularities are evaluated in the context of these fundamental principles/assertions.
Main challenges for Supreme Audit Institutions in implementing ISSAI-s Reforms in public sector accounting and reforms in public sector auditing are interdependent: implementation of accural accounting and financial reporting based on IPSAS may require SAIs to adapt their financial audit work. Training of staff is essential and competence of the applicants must be carefully measured in recruitment. Very long time and resource consuming process. Professional judgment application is demandable. Auditing in compliance of all ISSAIs requirements is obligatory if you want to declare that your audit has been done in accordance with ISSAIs.