2 Before doing this lab, you should understand: The general functions and activities of enzymesThe relationship between the structure and function of enzymesThe concept of initial reaction rates of enzymesHow the concept of free energy relates to enzyme activity (view graph)That changes in temperature, pH, enzyme concentration, and substrate concentration can affect the initial reaction rates of enzyme-catalyzed reactions (view graph)
3 Learning ObjectivesStudents will use the catalase reaction to demonstrate different variables’ effect on enzyme activity:such as temperature and the presence of catalase.Students will observe the reaction of hydrogen peroxide and catalase:establish a baseline determining the amount of hydrogen peroxide in a 1.5% solution,Determine the rate of spontaneous conversion of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygendetermine the rate of hydrogen peroxide decomposition by enzyme catalysis.
4 2 H2O2 2 H2O + O2 (gas) Background Info In this experiment, we will be using the enzyme catalase.found inside peroxisomes in almost all organisms.catalyses the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen.Without this enzyme, hydrogen peroxide would destroy our cells because it is a toxic metabolic waste product of aerobic respiration.2 H2O2 2 H2O + O2 (gas)
5 Background Info Cont:Reaction is spontaneous (will occur naturally), but very slowly.If catalase is boiled, it will become denatured and will no longer function to break down hydrogen peroxide.The rate of this reaction will decrease as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide (the substrate) decreases.
6 Safety Read all instructions before beginning lab. Wear personal protective eyewear (PPE) at all times, included during clean-up.Wear gloves and aprons, will stain clothes!Wash hands before leaving lab.
9 The General Procedure H2SO4 stops the reaction! Measure using Potassium Permanganate DropsH2SO4 stops the reaction!
10 Part B: Establishing a Baseline – Determining the Amount of Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) in a 1.5% solutionAdd Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)Add Water (control)Add Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)Titrate with Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4)Amount of (KMnO4) used to titrate is proportional to amount of (H2O2) present in the solution
11 Part C: Demo OvernightControl Group: Do NOT add any catalase enzyme, and measure rate of Hydrogen Peroxide Spontaneous Decomposition
12 Part D: Rate of Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition by Enzyme Catalysis After you get your baselineAdd Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) and Catalase solution, swirl for 10 secondsAdd Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4) to stop reactionTitrate with Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4)Repeat for 30, 60, 120, & 180 seconds***Do in reverse order to improve your accuracy, start with 180, 120, 60, 30, 10***
15 2. Swirl, if solution turns back clear, continue adding one drop at a time 3. Stop adding drops when solution remains a pinkish – yellowish color, measure & record amount of KMnO4 used.1. Start Adding one drop at a time
16 DataRecord your data in the appropriate data table as you complete the lab.