Presentation on theme: "The President and the Executive Branch"— Presentation transcript:
1 The President and the Executive Branch Learning ObjectivesIdentify the six major ways the President leads the countryExplain the roles and duties of the Vice PresidentExplain the roles and duties of the special councilsExplain the role and duties of the Cabinet
2 Words to Knowterm – the length of time a person holds a government officeBudget – a plan for spending moneyCeremonial – done in a formal way for a special or important occasionDiplomat – a government official who works with governments of other countriesForeign policy – the course of action a country takes in relation to another country
3 Words to Know (cont.)6. Treaty – an agreement between nations7. Ambassador – a representative of a government sent to a foreign country8. Cabinet – the heads of the executive departments of the federal government9. Resign – to give up a position10. Council – a group of people who meet regularly to advise the President11. Environment – the air, water, and land that surround us
4 The President of the United States The President is heard on radio and TV almost every dayPresident may be the most powerful person in the worldHe has the hardest job there is
5 Laws and Facts About the Presidency President must be born in the United StatesBe over the age of 35Have lived in the United States for at least 14 yearsThe Presidents term of office is for 4 yearsHe can only serve for 2 terms
6 He gets $200,000 salary and $119,000 for expenses President lives and works at the White House in Washington DCHe has access to cars, planes, boats, and helicopters.President can also use Camp David for vacation retreat and meetings
7 The Jobs of the President President is the head of the executive branch of the federal governmentThe President leads the country in at least six important ways
8 Chief ExecutiveConstitution gives the President power to carry out the laws.He sends ideas for law to CongressHe must decide how to spend government money. Makes the budgetThe boss of more than 3 million government workers
9 Chief of State Meets with visitors from other countries Gives speeches on important holidaysRepresents the United States to the other countries of the world
10 Chief Diplomat Responsible for setting the foreign policy Decides what treaties to make with other nationsPresident appoints ambassadors to represent the United States in other countriesHe tries to keep peace with other countries around the world
11 Commander in ChiefThe President is the leader of the 2 million members of the armed forcesHe is not a member of the armed forcesThe leaders of the army, navy, air force, and marines answer to him.He can send the armed forces anywhere in the world he wants.
12 Chief Law Maker President has veto power He often proposes laws to CongressPresident has to give a speech to Congress each year.It is called the State of the Union Address
13 Party Chief The leader of his political party Usually has held lower political officeHe helps other people in his party get electedHe must put best interest of the country first.
14 The Presidents TeamThe President has many people who help get facts and gives him adviceThe President’s team includesa. Vice Presidentb. White House Officec. the special councilsd. The Cabinet (heads of 14 executive departments).
15 The Vice PresidentThe Vice President is chosen by the President to run for office with himHas far less power than PresidentThe Constitution gives him the job of running the SenateHe will become President if the President dies, seriously ill, or leaves office.President decides how much theVice President will do.
16 Executive Office of the President The Presidents top assistants work in the Executive Office of the PresidentIt is made up of several offices and councils staffed by some of the President’s closest advisors
17 The White House OfficeThis is the nerve center of the Executive OfficePresident’s Chief-of-staff directs the operations of this officeThe White House office advises the President daily about foreign policy, money matters, defense, and relations with Congress.
18 Some people write the President’s speeches Plan trips for PresidentThe Press Secretary is also part of the White House staff.They give all the White House news to the newspapers, TV, and radio reporters.
19 Special CouncilsPresident gets help from a number of special councils within the Executive OfficeOne of the most important ones is the NSC (National Security Council)
20 Special Councils (cont.) Makes plans for the safety and security of the countryAdvises President about foreign policiesOther special councilsa. OMB (office of Management and Business)b. Council of Economic Advisorsc. Council on Environmental Quaility
21 The CabinetThey are responsible for all that goes on in their special departmentsCabinet members are called secretaries except the Attorney GeneralPresident picks each member but has to be approved by the SenateCabinet meetings are held once or twice a week
22 The President and the People The President must know what the people want from their government.He listens to the white house staff.He hears what his Cabinet members have to say.He reads what newspapers say about him.
23 The President and the People (cont.) He listens to what television news reports say about him.Reads letters sent to White House.Studies reports on what people are for or against.Travels all over country talking to voters.