2 According to the UN website, the organization has 4 main purposes: To keep peace throughout the world.To development friendly relations among countries.To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people; to conquer hunger, disease and literacy; and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms.To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.(Source:
3 What are the main bodies of the United Nations? General AssemblyEconomic & Social Council (ECOSOC)International Court of JusticeThe Trusteeship CouncilThe Secretariat
4 The General Assembly (Source: http://www.un.org/en/mainbodies/ The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the UN and is composed of representatives of all Member States.The work of the United Nations year-round derives largely from the mandates (commands) given by the General Assembly.
5 The Economic & Social Council (Source: http://www. un The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), established by the UN Charter, is the principal organ to coordinate the economic, social and related work of the United Nations and the specialized agencies and institutions.Voting in the Council is by simple majority; each member has one vote.
6 The International Court of Justice (Source: http://www. un The International Court of Justice, (ICJ) is located in the Hague in the Netherlands.It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It settles legal disputes between states and gives advisory opinions to the UN and its specialized agencies.It has 15 judges chosen from the international community.
7 The Secretariat Source: http://www.un.org/en/mainbodies/ The Secretariat carries out the day-to-day work of the Organization.It services the other principal organs and carries out the administration of the UN: peacekeeping operations, surveying economic and social trends, preparing studies on human rights, among others.
9 The United Nations Security Council Key Facts The Security Council has 15 members.There are five permanent members – the USA, UK, France, Russia & China)Each of the permanent members has VETO power.There are 10 non permanent members elected from member states for a period of 2 years.There is a rotating presidency. Members take turn in holding the presidency at the security council for one month.
10 The work of the United Nations Security Council To maintain international peace and security.It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends courses of action.The Security Council can impose sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations.Together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.
11 Official languages of the United Nations There are 6 official languagesArabicChineseEnglishFrenchRussianSpanish
12 Before the United Nations existed The League of Nations Source:The forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations, an organization conceived during the first World War and established in 1919 under the Peace treaties "to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security."The League of Nations ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War.
13 Brief History of the United Nations (Source: http://www. un The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Second World War.In 1945, 50 countries met in San Francisco to draw up the United Nations Charter.The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945.United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year.
14 What are the achievements of the UN What are the achievements of the UN? (Source: 10 Facts About the UN:Provides food to 90 million people in 70 countries.Vaccinates 58% of the world’s children saving, 2.5 million lives a year.Assist over 35 million refugees and people fleeing war, famine or prosecution.Combats climate change – heads a campaign to end leaded fuel use in over 100 nationsKeeps peace with 120,000 peacekeepers in 16 operation on 4 continents.Fights poverty, helping 37 million rural poor achieve better lives in the last 30 years.
15 What are the achievements of the UN What are the achievements of the UN? (Source: 10 Facts About the UN:Protects and promotes human rights on site and through 80 treaties/declarations.Mobilizes 12.4 billion in humanitarian aid to help people affected by emergencies.Advances democracy, assisting some 30 countries a year with their elections.Promotes maternal health, saving the lives of 30 million woman a year.
16 What are the future goals of the United Nations? The Millennium Development GoalsSource:
17 The current UN Secretary General is Ban Ki-Moon The Secretary GeneralThe UN Charter describes the SG as the “chief administrative officer” of the UN.The first term of the first Secretary-General would be for five years, with the possibility to renew for an additional five-year term.The current UN Secretary General is Ban Ki-Moon
18 Some Agencies/Institutions of the United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO)International Labor Organization (ILO)International Monetary Fund ** (IMF)United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO)World Bank Group **World Health Organization (WHO)World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)International Atomic Energy Agency** (IAEA)** The IMF, the World Bank, & IAEA are institutions in the United Nations system, but operate independently of UN control.
20 UNICEF Child Survival & Development Basic Education & Gender equality UNICEF helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized. How?Child Survival & DevelopmentBasic Education & Gender equalityHIV/AIDs & childrenChild ProtectionPolicy Advocacy and protection(Source:
21 UNESCO http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/World_Heritage_Site
22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites UNESCO is very famous for recognizing World Heritage SitesThe World Heritage List includes 962 properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value.
23 UN Organizations World Health Organization (WHO) What is the purpose of WHO?WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.Source:Source:
24 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Source: Text & Photo:The IAEA is the world's centre of cooperation in the nuclear field. It was set up in 1957 within the United Nations.The Agency works with its Member States (currently, 155 countries) to promote safe, secure and peacefulnuclear technologies.