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Jefferson and Era of Good Feelings Chapter 8. Jefferson’s Inauguration “he looked like a plain citizen without any distinctive badge of office“ - Reporter.

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Presentation on theme: "Jefferson and Era of Good Feelings Chapter 8. Jefferson’s Inauguration “he looked like a plain citizen without any distinctive badge of office“ - Reporter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jefferson and Era of Good Feelings Chapter 8

2 Jefferson’s Inauguration “he looked like a plain citizen without any distinctive badge of office“ - Reporter Why did Jefferson choose to take the Presidency without “pomp and circumstance” like his predecessors?

3 Adams v. Jefferson – Create the chart and fill it in Different Ideologies Adams (Federalist) Jefferson (Dem- Republican) Who are the common men? Who has the power? What economic policy?

4 Jefferson’s Ideals What previous factions of people did Jefferson belong to? Which party does he belong to? What are Jefferson’s 3 major ideals that guide his Presidency at the start? How do these ideals lead to Jefferson’s “Revolution” in government? What specifically did he change?

5 Marbury v. Madison How did the battle over the court start between Federalists and Anti- federalists? What were attempts by Jefferson as President to wrestle control of the court? Who were the “midnight judges”? What was the cause and the ruling of Marbury v. Madison?

6 Marbury v. Madison Viewpoints Issues to Solve Marbury (Federalist) Madison (Dem-Rep) Marshall (Justice) Ruling of case Power of court

7 Louisiana Purchase What new developments encouraged the US to attempt to buy the Louisiana Territory? What deal did Jefferson get instead, and why did it cause a conflict of Jefferson’s ideologies?

8 The Purchase Debate “Although the size of the still-young country more than doubled, the American public was apprehensive about the Louisiana Purchase. Many of the northeast states were afraid that their power would be diluted by the new states, or that a rush of migration westward, lured by cheaper land prices, could empty out the eastern population. In addition, if new states would be admitted, it would have to be determined if they were ‘free’ states or ‘slave’ states.” - Based on this quote which people were against the Louisiana Purchase? What were the arguments for and against the Louisiana Purchase?

9 Election of 1804 Jefferson wins a second term, but he changes VP candidates from Burr to George Clinton What does the election suggest about the Louisiana Purchase debate?

10 Lewis and Clark Expedition Where did Lewis and Clark explore? What 2 important effects did it have on the United States?

11 The People on the Expedition Meriwether Lewis and William Clark along with Indian guide Sacajawea

12 Jefferson’s Challenges John Randolph (The Quids) and Aaron Burr

13 The Yazoo Land Scandal The Western lands were claimed by the United States, but Jefferson came under fire from his own party for not giving the land to the states

14 The Dem-Rep Party Split PersonBeliefs about strength of government Support of Taxation, Land Purchases? Federalists Thomas Jefferson John Randolph

15 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair What actions did the British and French take towards American ships and what was the result? How did the Chesapeake-Leopard Affair affect relations with the British?

16 Embargo Act of 1807 The Embargo Act kept many shippers, merchants, and farmers from making profits through trading goods Why did Jefferson but an embargo on Britain and France? What were the actual effects of the embargo?

17 Debating Jefferson’s Presidency In pairs choose one person to defend his Presidency and the other to attack it: 1)Write a letter to a newspaper (1/2 page)…Use at least 2 events and specifically explain what you think 2)Trade papers and respond (1/2 page) by countering the points that were made in the letter, use the same 2 events

18 Jefferson – Assess the accuracy of this statement "In recent years, Hamilton and his reputation have decidedly gained the initiative among scholars who portray him as the visionary architect of the modern liberal capitalist economy. Jefferson and his allies, by contrast, have come across as naïve, dreamy idealists. The Jeffersonians were reactionary utopians who resisted the onrush of capitalist modernity in hopes of turning America into a yeoman farmers' arcadia. At worst, they were proslavery racists who wish to expand the institution of slavery and protect slaveholders' rights to own human property.“ – Historian Sean Wilentz

19 Election of 1808 Though the South and West allow a win for Madison, the Federalists win back North due to Embargo Act

20 Relations with Britain in Madison’s Presidency Attempt 1 – “Peaceable Coercion” including the Non-Intercourse Act and Macon’s Bill #2 Attempt 2 – Aggressive Policies asked for by Southerners and Westerners against Britain Attempt 3 – “War Hawks” want British out of Canada, incite conflicts like Tecumseh’s War (The Prophet) and Battle of Tippecanoe (William Henry Harrison)

21 Tecumseh’s War Tecumseh’s War was a result of the “war hawks” trying to incite conflicts with Britain and expand into Canada

22 The War of 1812 What were the causes of the war of 1812? Major Battlegrounds: 1) Canada – Oliver Perry (Lake Erie) 2) Washington 3) Baltimore 4) Election of 1812 “Battleground”

23 Battles Near Canada

24 Washington DC Battle and New Orleans Battle

25 Election of 1812 Madison wins due to South and West, but anti-war Federalists gain steam (merchants, speculators, and Quids)

26 Ending the War of 1812 Why did the British agree to the Treaty of Ghent and what were the provisions? When was the Battle of New Orleans? What did it accomplish? Why did the Hartford Convention signal the end of the Federalist Party?

27 Election of 1816 Riding the wave of nationalism, the Democratic- Republicans won the election easily Federalists hurt by Hartford Convention

28 Election of 1820 The Democratic- Republicans adopt Federalist stances (national bank, tariff of 1816) and win over the entire nation in an era known as the “Era of Good Feelings” between 1816-1824 where one party dominated

29 Marshall’s Supreme Court John Marshall used the Supreme Court to strengthen the national government further: 1)Fletcher v. Peck (land contract) 2)Martin v. Hunter’s Lease (Supreme Court jurisdiction) 3)Dartmouth v. Woodward (states can’t own private colleges) 4)McCulloch v. Maryland (bank) 5)Cohens v. Virginia (judicial review of state cases) 6)Gibbons v. Ogden (federal government controls interstate commerce)

30 Political Divisions - Sectionalism Daniel Webster (who opposed the new tariffs) and John C. Calhoun (a nationalist and war hawk) as well as James Monroe showed the many new faces of the Democratic-Republican Party

31 The Domestic Issue - Slavery Tallmadge Amendment rejected Missouri Compromise accepted (Henry Clay) – What were the 3 parts of the compromise?

32 Missouri Compromise

33 Foreign Policy – James Monroe The Rush-Bagot Agreement limited naval arms on the Great Lakes with Britain The Adams-Onis Treaty gives Florida to the US, as well as its claims to Oregon Country

34 Treaty of 1818

35 Monroe Doctrine “The occasion has been judged proper for asserting, as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” - Monroe Doctrine Why did Monroe write this doctrine and what intentions does it give Americans as the country develops?

36 A “Nationalist” Era In groups of 3, pick an event and: 1) Create a “Star-Spangled Banner” type song with 3 verses and 1 chorus commemorating the event 2) Create a propaganda sign or advertisement about the event and give the top ten reasons why Americans should support the event 3) Create a newspaper article that counters the nationalist feelings by showing 3 ways that the event could create sectionalism

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