Presentation on theme: "New Employee Training Market Research"— Presentation transcript:
1 New Employee Training Market Research Air Force Materiel CommandWar-Winning Capabilities … On Time, On CostNew Employee Training Market ResearchModule Lead:WR-ALCJuly 07Integrity ~ Service ~ Excellence
2 Course Overview Length: 1 Hour Method of Delivery: Slide Presentation Course Contents: Overview of the Market Research Basics
3 Overview Training Objectives Market Research Policy What Market Research IsMarket Research GoalsProcess StepsTechniquesExampleParticipantsToolsDocumentationThese are the topics we’ll be covering today.
4 Training Objectives Objectives Review Policies Requiring Market Research And The Government Mandate To Conduct Market ResearchExplain The 6-Step Market Research ProcessIdentify Key Elements To Successful Market Research Program
5 Market Research Policy Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 10 states that Market Research must be conducted:Before developing a new requirements documentBefore soliciting offers for acquisitions with an estimated value in excess of $100,000Before soliciting offers for acquisitions with an estimated value less than the simplified acquisition threshold when adequate information is not available and the circumstances justify its cost; andBefore soliciting offers for acquisitions that could lead to a bundled contract (15 U.S.C.644(e)(2)(A)).
6 Market Research Policy FAR - Part 7 Acquisition PlanningFAR 7.102: Requires market research for all acquisitions; promotes and provides for acquisition of commercial items/services and full and open competitionFAR 7.105: Requires Acquisition Plans to address extent, results, and impact of market researchFAR 7.107: Requires market research to determine necessity and justification for bundling (“measurably substantial benefits”)Note: Acquisition Planning includes sustainment activities.Policy.(a) Agencies shall perform acquisition planning and conduct market research (see Part 10) for all acquisitions in order to promote and provide for --(1) Acquisition of commercial items or, to the extent that commercial items suitable to meet the agency’s needs are not available, nondevelopmental items, to the maximum extent practicable (10 U.S.C and 41 U.S.C. 251, et seq.); and(2) Full and open competition (see Part 6) or, when full and open competition is not required in accordance with Part 6, to obtain competition to the maximum extent practicable, with due regard to the nature of the supplies or services to be acquired (10 U.S.C. 2301(a)(5) and 41 U.S.C. 253a(a)(1)).(b) This planning shall integrate the efforts of all personnel responsible for significant aspects of the acquisition. The purpose of this planning is to ensure that the Government meets its needs in the most effective, economical, and timely manner. Agencies that have a detailed acquisition planning system in place that generally meets the requirements of and need not revise their system to specifically meet all of these requirements.
7 Market Research TermsMarket Research - A continuous process for gathering data on product characteristics, suppliers’ capabilities and the business practices that surround them (customary terms and conditions, including warranty, buyer financing, and discounts under which commercial sales are made, etc.) – plus the analysis of that data to make acquisition decisions.Includes:Market InvestigationMarket Surveillance/Intelligence
8 Market Research Use results to: Determine if sources capable of satisfying our requirements existDetermine if commercial items are available, or if not, are there nondevelopmental items that:Meet agency’s requirementsCould be modified to meet them, orCould meet requirements if those requirements were modified to reasonable extent
9 Market ResearchDetermine extent commercial items could be incorporated at component levelDetermine practices of firms engaged in commercial business:- Warranties - Maintenance- Buyer financing - Marketing- PackagingEnsure maximum use of recovered materialsAssess availability of electronic and IT technology (AFWAY)
10 Terms & DefinitionsMarket Investigation is a comprehensive survey of the market place to gather information in response to a specific contract requirement.Market Surveillance/Intelligence is an ongoing process and includes all the activities that acquisition personnel perform continuously to keep themselves abreast of technology improvements, product developments, and commercial business practices relative to their areas of expertise. Data gathered during Market Surveillance/Intelligence activities are very beneficial for tailoring operational requirements to take advantage of commercial item products and services which already exist in the market place.
11 + What Market Research Is Market Research is the sum of two processes CONTINUOUS PROCESS FOR GATHERING DATASuppliers’ capabilitiesProduct characteristicsMARKET RESEARCHSurrounding business practicesPlus the analysis of that data to make acquisition decisionsMarket Research is the sum of two processes+investigationsurveillance
12 Market Research Process Steps Define Your RequirementReview Historical Data (Summarize Current Market Surveillance Data)Develop Your MR StrategyAssign Roles and ResponsibilitiesIdentify Available MR Tools to be UsedConduct MR Activities Consistent With MR StrategySurvey the Marketplace (Gather the Data)Identify SourcesEvaluate products, services and capabilitiesDocument Your MR Results and FindingsArchive the MR ReportShare Your MR DataIdentify Lessons LearnedUse the Report to support your Acquisition Strategy DecisionsIt is imperative that the acquisition team define what it is they are trying to purchase before implementing a market research program. Vagueness of requirements will confuse your market survey processes.The first part of a market investigation is to review and summarize what you already know from your market surveillance activities. The market investigation can then be targeted to answer specific questions and to fill in gaps in information.Develop a market research strategy that will clearly assign roles and responsibilities to the appropriate acquisition team members. Determine what approach will be used to survey the marketplace and identify available tools that can be used to assist in conducting your market research activities.The survey of suppliers may consist of a few telephone calls, or it may be a comprehensive questionnaire sent to a group of potential suppliers, or it may involve the evaluation of product samples. If you decide to use a mail survey, a cover letter or introduction explaining the survey goals and the expected size of the acquisition and a follow-up contact may increase the response rate. Personal contact is best because it provides an opportunity to answer any questions about the survey. The follow-up step is particularly important for encouraging suppliers who have not participated in defense work to respond. The market analyst must identify potential suppliers of acceptable commercial items or services. The potential sources will be asked to participate in a market survey and furnish information on their products or services. In some industries or for some items, everyone may know the suppliers and their products or services. In that case, little effort is required to generate a list of potential suppliers. Other, more diverse industries require considerable effort to identify sources of acceptable products. Adding new potential sources to a list of suppliers increases competition, which can lead to better products at lower costs for the Department of Defense. In some cases, yours may be the first attempt to meet the requirement with a commercial item, and more effort may be required to identify as many potential sources as possible. You may need new techniques to reach sources that have not previously dealt with the government.After receipt of the information, it is important to analyze the data to determine whether the information received is sufficient to determine whether the product or service meet the needs of the requirement. It is not uncommon to get incomplete or erroneous data from suppliers. In some cases, you may need to contact an applications, field service, or design engineer for clarification of issues. You may need to appraise the survey information using market surveillance information, analyzing market trends to fill in missing data. For example, you can estimate an end of production date for a product for which you have no data by analyzing comparable products for which data exists and is available. If a written survey is overly burdensome, many suppliers will not respond. Be careful to request the minimum amount of information you need to make your acquisition decision.The fifth part of a market investigation is to evaluate all the information acquired during the investigation and determine whether a commercial acquisition is feasible. The result may be a determination that it is not feasible; that commercial products or services meet the need as stated; that commercial products or services can meet the need if certain requirements in the original statement are relaxed; or that commercial products or services could be modified to meet the requirement.
13 Market Research GoalsExpand Use Of Commercial Item Solutions And Commercial PracticesIdentify Emerging TechnologiesAddress Current Obsolescence IssuesExpand Use Of Non-developmental Item SolutionsAssist In The Development Of Your Acquisition Strategy:Tailor Contract Terms And ConditionsIdentify Small Business OpportunitiesPromote Best Value AcquisitionsProvide A Good Understanding Of The Market Sector
14 MARKET RESEARCH TECHNIQUES Update Past Market ResearchReview Similar Market Research Reports on FileIssue Surveys and Questionnaires (Sources Sought & RFI)Conduct Site VisitsPerform Internet SearchesHost Industry Days
15 MARKET RESEARCH TECHNIQUES (Cont) Contact Small Business/Source Development OfficeReview Trade JournalsContact Professional SocietiesAttend Trade ShowsCold Calling (Yellow Pages)Contact Professional ContactsNote: The above list is not all inclusive of standard market research techniques.
16 Example Market Research Program Buying a new car:Look at brochures (Commercial Data Specifications)Visit Dealerships (Site Visits)Attend car shows (Trade Shows)Ask friends, relatives, coworkers (Contacts)Read ‘Consumer Reports’ for best buys and most reliable cars (Trade Journals)Conduct an Internet Search (Market Survey)Yellow pages: Look up dealers in your area (Source Identification)Ask dealers about financing plans, discounts, warranties, options, etc. (Terms and Conditions)
17 Example Market Research Program Buying a new car:You performed market research by...…gathering and analyzing information about the capabilities of the new car market to satisfy your car needs.
18 Who does Market Research? Technical TeamLogistics SpecialistCost/Price AnalystFinanceThe Acquisition TeamWar-Fighter/UserLegal CounselProgram ManagerDCAA/DCMASmall BusinessContracting Officer
19 Who Conducts The Market Research? Rule of Thumb!1. The Technical Staff (i.e. engineer, scientist, and equipment specialist) is responsible for conducting the market research.The program manager is responsible for ensuring the market research is conducted.The contracting officer should not proceed with any acquisition unless adequate market research has been accomplished.The Acquisition Center of Excellence or policy office is available to assist everyone.
20 Market Research Key Elements Of Success Start earlyInvolve usersCommunicate as a teamThink of market research as an iterative processTailor the investigationRefine as you proceed
21 Market Research Process Review Define Your RequirementReview Historical DataDevelop Your MR StrategyIdentify Available MR Tools to be UsedConduct MR Activities Consistent With MR StrategyDocument Your MR Results and FindingsArchive the MR ReportShare Your MR DataUse the Report to support your Acquisition Strategy Decisions
22 Market Research References Standardized Document SD-2: Buying Commercial and Non-developmental HandbookStandardized Document SD-5: Market ResearchFAR Part 2, Terms and DefinitionsFAR Part 7, Acquisition PlanningFAR Part 10, Market ResearchFAR -- Part 11, Describing Agency NeedsFAR Part 12, Acquisition of Commercial ItemsHill Website:
23 SummaryMarket Research is an invaluable source of data for use in optimal acquisition planning!Tailor slide to ACE activity providing training module.