2 Contents Slideshow 4 Steps in the Startup Process 3 Create company filesSet User PreferencesChange System DefaultsChange Printer SettingsSet up G/L accounts- Account Types- Account Numbering System- General Ledger- Displaying the Chart of Accounts- Inserting a New AccountLink modules and accountsEnter G/L accounts opening balances (history). 20Set up tax informationSet up vendor and customer subledgers and enter opening balances (historical transactions)Add credit card informationSet modules to READYSlideshow 4
3 Steps in Setting Up a Company in Sage 50 Accounting: The Startup ProcessThe startup process in Sage 50 Accounting are the same whether you are starting a new company or going through a conversion process. Conversion refers to changing the accounting system from a manual system to a computerized system or from one accounting software to a new software (e.g., from QuickBooks to Sage 50 Accounting).At the right are the steps in setting up a company in Sage 50 Accounting. Study them carefully.Click.Each step will be explained in the slides that follow.The procedures shown here are to prepare the COMPANY, RECEIVABLES and PAYABLES modules and set them to READY. You will learn how to set the PAYROLL and INVENTORY modules to READY later.Click to continue.Steps in Setting Up a Company in Sage 50 Accounting:Create company files.Set User Preferences Defaults.Change System defaults.Change Printer Settings.Set up Chart of Accounts.Link Modules/Accounts.Enter Opening G/L Account Balances.Set up Tax Classes, Codes, Rates & Customization.Set Up PAYABLES and RECEIVABLES Ledgers.Add Credit Card Information.Set modules to Ready.
4 Step 1: Create company files. This procedure involves setting up the “skeleton” of the company’s accounting system. Sage 50 Accounting provides a wizard to walk you through the setup process. Study each screen as you go through it.To start a new company, you would select Create a new company after you start Sage 50 Accounting.Click OK.Study the INTRODUCTION page.Click NEXT at the bottom of the screen to go forward through the steps of the company setup.Continue to click the next steps. Study each screen very carefully.By using the BROWSE button, you can specify the location where the new company file will be stored. Sage 50 Accounting will ask you if you wish to create the folder. If so, you would answer Yes.Click NEXT.If you decide to use a Sage 50 template, you can specify your company ownership structure. By choosing one of the Industry or Company types, you will be given a typical chart of accounts for the specified industry or company which you can revise as desired.Click NEXT.Read the explanation, then click to the next step.Click NEXTThe textbook will give you step-by-step instructions on how to build a chart of accounts from scratch by using the last option.Sage 50 comes with a predefined set of accounts for various types of companies. You may use one of these company templates.After setting up a company account template, you may still need to add some new accounts, change or rename others, or delete the ones you will not be using.Click to the next step.
5 Step 1: Create company files (continued) When Sage 50 Accounting has created the company data files, a confirmation screen will appear and FINISH (the last step) on the setup screen will be highlighted. Sage 50 Accounting gives you options for the next steps.Click.When you open your new company, notice that the current Session Date is set according to the Earliest Transaction date that you had set up earlier.Click to continue.
6 Step 2: Set User Preferences Defaults A default is a pre-set option that is stored in the Sage 50 Accounting system. You may choose to accept the default or amend it either by selecting from a drop-down list provided for the particular field or inputting your own.Access User Preferences from the SETUP menu.Click USER PREFERENCES.The VIEW page allows you to choose the modules for your company (under PAGES). You may start with the basic modules and add more modules later.You can also choose your language and terminology options, the way windows open from the Home window, and an automatic save option for records (see bottom left). You can also select options to include List buttons in transaction windows, as well as select the behaviour of the Print button.Click to continue.Accounts ReceivableAccounts PayableAllows you to perform banking functions in the various modules.
7 Step 3: Change System Defaults The next step involves setting up the Sage 50 Accounting work environment. Sage 50 Accounting has set up defaults (pre-set options), and you can customize them to suit your needs.To start the process, you would click SETUP from the Main Menu, then click Settings.Remember that the options on the MAIN MENU bar apply to ALL modules.Click Settings now.You would then accept or change the settings according to your company’s requirements. The text will give you step-by-step instructions on the changes you need to make.Click to continue.
8 Step 4: Change Printer Settings (optional) Depending on your computer lab setup, you may or may not be able to change printer settings. Review this section for information if it pertains to you.You can view the current printer settings by clicking REPORTS & FORMS from Setup.Click REPORTS & FORMS now.At the left panel of the REPORT & FORM OPTIONS window in Sage 50 Accounting (see arrow above right), you will find the various documents that can be printed in Sage 50. You can change the printer settings for each of those documents, if required.Click.Click each of the Report Sections from top to bottom starting from Report Header and study the example on the Income Statement below.Click to continue.
9 Step 5: Set up G/L accounts. It is best to plan your CHART OF ACCOUNTS before starting to set up the General Ledger to ensure the accuracy of your financial statements.First, you need to specify Account Types. Based on assigned account types, the accounts are organized into the classifications and format you see at the right.Click.Assets, Liabilities and Equity are section headings and are automatically assigned by Sage 50 Accounting – you can not change them.For each account, you need to assign an account type. You will learn more about this in the slides that follow.Section HeadingHASGT
10 Account Types (continued) Step 4: Set up G/L accounts.Account Types (continued)When determining account types, identify postable (P) and non-postable (NP) accounts.Click.H (Heading) – (NP) starts each section, providing a description of the section.A (Accumulate) – (P) individual accounts that need to be totaled. See balance of each account at the middle column.S (Subtotal) - (NP) The subtotal of all A accounts is shown at the right column. A accounts are always followed by S accounts. Note the A accounts that correspond to each S account at the right (colour coded).G (Group) – (P) accounts that don’t need to be totaled. Balances are placed at the right.Click to continue.AHSG
11 Account Types (continued) Step 4: Set up G/L accounts.Account Types (continued)T (Total) – (NP) accumulates all the G and S accounts in the section above it. See right (colour coded). A T account should always be preceded by a Heading (see arrowhead).Click.Section Totals are automatically supplied by Sage 50 Accounting – you can not change them. They automatically accumulate all T accounts in the corresponding section.A Section Total is always preceded by its corresponding Section Heading (also automatically supplied by Sage 50 Accounting).Notice that section headings and section totals are in ALL CAPITALS.Click to continue.TSGSection TotalT
12 Sage 50 Accounting Numbering System Step 4: Set up G/L accounts.Account Numbering SystemSage 50 Accounting has pre-defined numbering for each account type.Account numbers can range from 4 to 8 digits in length. Study the account range and the normal balance for each type of account on the right. Regardless of the account number length, the first digit represents the Account Type; e.g., 1 for Assets, 2 for Liabilities, etc.It is important for accounts to be numbered correctly as Sage 50 Accounting will manage input and financial statement presentation by account type. For example, a positive number will be treated as a debit for an asset account and will be treated as a credit for a liability account.Click to continue.Sage 50 Accounting Numbering SystemAccount Type Account No. Range Normal BalanceAssets – DebitLiabilities – CreditEquity – CreditRevenue – CreditExpense* – Debit
13 Step 5: Set up G/L accounts. General LedgerTo create the Chart of Accounts, add a new account or revise an existing account, click the CHART OF ACCOUNTS drop-down arrow on the COMPANY Home window, and then select ADD ACCOUNT (see right)Click to continue.
14 General Ledger (continued) Step 5: Set up G/L accounts.General Ledger (continued)The GENERAL LEDGER window will appear.If you are adding a new account, you would enter the account number and the account name (see arrow). These are required fields.Click.You would then select the account TYPE. This example is a GROUP (G) account.Read the explanation for GIFI Code (see right). GIFI (General Index of Financial Information) is an index of items generally found on balance sheets, income statements, and statements of retained earnings (for corporations).Click the CLASS OPTIONS tab.This field is used for electronic filing of corporate tax returns. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) uses GIFI Codes to support their electronic filing and T2 processing system. As of the year 2000, all corporations (except for insurance corporations) must report financial statement information using the GIFI code.
15 General Ledger (continued) Step 5: Set up G/L accounts.General Ledger (continued)You would then select the ACCOUNT CLASS from the drop-down list.There are no Class Options for Group Heading, Subgroup Total, Group Total, and most linked accounts.Click the other tabs from left to right starting from ADDITIONAL INFO and read the explanation for each.Click to continue.You would normally skip this page when setting up the Chart of Accounts. You will learn about Reconciliation & Deposit later in this text..You can add notes that you want to display/print on financial statements.Information cannot be viewed or changed on this tab until your company has moved into a new fiscal year at least once .You can add up to 5 additional lines of description about the specific account on this page.
16 Displaying the CHART OF ACCOUNTS To view the Chart of Accounts after you have created the G/L accounts, you would click VIEW ACCOUNTS on the Company window.Click.To print the Chart of Accounts, select Display Chart of Accounts, select the Current Year in the Modify Report window, then click OK.Click OK now.Study the resulting report.Click to continue.
17 Inserting a New Account To insert a new account, be sure to remember the Sage 50 Accounting numbering system (see insert right).Click.Also remember that the account should be between the heading (H) and the T of its account class; otherwise, if your numbering is not in logical order, you will not be able to print financial statements.For example, if you are inserting PREPAID INSURANCE, you would make sure that it is numbered between 1001 and More correctly, in view of the Order of Liquidity, it should be between 1220 and 1298. Liquidity refers to the expectation that the item can be converted to cash at least close to its current value within one year. Accounts are listed in descending order of liquidity within their accounting types, with CASH at the top.Click to continue.
18 Step 6: Link modules and accounts. You have learned earlier that Sage 50 Accounting is an integrated software. This means that when you process a transaction in one module, all other related modules are automatically updated.For example, when you make a sale, Sage 50 Accounting will increase the amount your customer owes you in the corresponding subsidiary ledger and record the sale, any sales taxes, freight charges, and sales discounts, if applicable, in the general ledger.When setting up a new company, specify which accounts should be “talking” to each other. This procedure is referred to as linking. If you have used a template, Sage 50 Accounting would have set up the links, but you still need to review them and make sure they are correct.Study the linked accounts in the GENERAL (Accounts) when you click the SETTINGS icon. Read the captions in blue at the top of the bottom window. You may change the account no./ names, but not account categories.Click to continue.Account CategoriesAccount No./Names
19 Receivables Linked Accounts Step 6: Link modules and accounts. (continued)Study the linked accounts in the RECEIVABLES and PAYABLES modules. Read the corresponding notation at the top of each screen (see arrows).Click to continue.Show invoices, etc. where linked accounts automatically appear.Receivables Linked AccountsPayables Linked Accounts
20 Step 7: Enter G/L accounts opening balances (history). Until you finish entering history, you can continue to add, modify, or delete any items you have set up.You would enter the number shown in CURRENT BALANCE (see right) as the opening balance in the Chart of Accounts Records page.Click to continue.
21 Step 8: Set up tax information. The Sales Tax Information window allows you to record a list of applicable taxes. You would set up tax information in the Company Settings window (see red arrow).Click TAXES at the right panel now.Notice that for HST (Harmonized Sales Tax), there is an account to track HST paid on purchases and a different account to track HST charged on sales.Click.Entering YES in the Report on Taxes column will accumulate the HST to be included in an HST Report.At the top right, click Tax Codes.
22 Set up tax codes, classes and rates. Set Up Tax Information (continued)Set up tax codes, classes and rates.Tax codes allow you to quickly apply all required taxes at once (see right). You would then enter the appropriate tax code in each vendor and customer subledger.Sage 50 Accounting automatically fills in the tax codes associated with a specific customer or vendor on Purchase and Sales invoices. This avoids errors and saves time.Click and study the Purchase invoice.Click and study the Sales invoice.If more than one tax code are associated with some of your customers or vendors; you need to choose the applicable tax code in the purchase/sales invoice.Sage 50 Accounting prints the codes on invoices so you or the customers can tell what tax(es) has been charged.Click to continue.When the customer name is selected, the tax code specified in the customer subledger is automatically entered and applicable tax is calculated.Insurance is partially tax-exempt and is charged only 8% HST. In this example, the tax code HI is applied. SAGE 50 automatically enters HI under TAX and calculates the 8% HST applicable.
23 Step 9A: Set up vendor and customer subledgers and enter opening balances (history). A vital part of the conversion process is to create vendors and customers subledgers, then enter unpaid invoices. Because the invoices may be paid individually, it is best to enter every unpaid invoice instead of entering the total balance for the customer or vendor. This procedure is discussed in the next slide.You have learned how to create customer subledgers (referred to as Receivables Ledger) in Chapter 2A and vendor subledgers (Payables Ledger) in Chapter 3A. You would use the same technique for a new company.Click to continue.
24 Step 9A: Set up vendor and customer subledgers and enter opening balances (history): Historical InvoicesYou would enter all the vendor information on the Vendor Ledger by selecting Add Vendor (see right).Click.You would then click the Historical Transactions tab then the INVOICES button (see arrows).Click .The Historical Invoices window will appear, ready for you to enter the specific invoice details, one invoice at a time. You would use the same procedure for sales invoices.Although it is possible to enter all sales and purchase invoices (paid and unpaid), it would be less time- consuming and less confusing if you enter only unpaid invoices into the new accounting system, one invoice at a time.Click to continue.
25 Verifying Total Opening Balances Step 9A: Set up vendor and customer subledgers and enter opening balances (history):Verifying Total Opening BalancesAfter inputting individual vendor and customer account balances, it is important to ensure that subsidiary ledger totals match their corresponding control account totals on the Trial Balance.Click.You can check this by comparing the total on your Vendor Aged report with the ACCOUNTS PAYABLE balance on your Trial Balance.Similarly, the total of the Customer Aged report has to be equal to the ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE balance in the Trial Balance.Click to continue.
26 Step 10: Add credit card information. To be able to process credit card transactions you would set up information for the specific card company.Click.For Credit Cards Used, you need to enter the payable account under Expense Acct to which the purchase amount you owe the credit card company and the expense account to which the credit card charges should be recorded.On the Credit Cards Accepted page, you would enter the percentage of Discount Fee. Remember, as a seller, you would pay the credit card company a fee for processing credit card payments you receive. You also have to define the expense account to which the discount fee should be charged and the asset account to which payment should be debited.Click to continue.
27 Step 11: Set modules to READY. After you have entered your records and their historical information (invoices, payments, etc.), and have set up the linked accounts for the modules you plan to use, you would select Finish Entering History from the History menu (see right). If an error exists,Click.a window will appear to inform you of the error. Sage 50 Accounting will not proceed until the error is corrected.It is important to back up before turning the system to READY mode because once you do, you cannot go back and enter any other historical records. In the event that you realize historical information is not correct, you can easily restore from the backup, update the file and move back into READY mode without having to start from the beginning.You would then be ready to process transactions for your new company.Click to continue.
28 More… Go back to your text and proceed from where you have left off. Review this slideshow when you finish the chapter to better prepare yourself for the next chapter.Press ESC now, then click the EXIT button.EXIT