Presentation on theme: "Bell Work: Test Review 1. What is the range of human hearing?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bell Work: Test Review 1. What is the range of human hearing? How do bats find food?The speed of a wave depends on the ____.Sound waves travel fastest in ( solids / liquids / gasses ).Sound waves travel fastest in ( cold / warm ) air.
3 1. Period Length Gravity Frequency Wavelength Speed (velocity) Measurement:Variable (symbol):Unit:PeriodTsLengthLmGravitygm/s2FrequencyfHzWavelengthSpeed (velocity)vm/s
4 2. The distance between successive identical parts of a wave is called its ( wavelength / amplitude )3. The time needed for a wave to make one complete cycle is its ( wavelength / period ).4. The amplitude of a particular wave is 2.0 m. The top-to-bottom distance of the disturbance is 4.0mHow many wavelengths are traveled during a single period by a wave? One6. A loud sound always has more ( wavelength / energy / speed ) than a quiet sound.
5 7. A node has ( zero / the most ) energy and an antinode has ( zero / the most ) energy. 8. Some of a wave's energy is always being dissipated as heat. In time, this will reduce the wave's ( amplitude / period ).9. A weight on the end of a spring bobs up and down one complete cycle every 2.0 seconds. Its frequency isf = 1/Tf = ½;f = .5 Hz10.A weight on the end of a spring bobs up and down one complete cycle every 4.5 seconds.Its period is 4.5 seconds
6 11. What is the length of a pendulum that has a period of 3. 52 s 11. What is the length of a pendulum that has a period of 3.52 s? L = 3.08 m
7 12. Sound waves cannot travel through (air / steel / vacuum ). 13. Which kind of waves can travel through a vacuum? ElectromagneticWhen compared to the speed of light, sound travels ( slower / faster / the same ).( Speed / Frequency / Amplitude) is visibly different when comparing transverse waves and longitudinal waves.16. If you double the frequency of a vibrating object, its period ( doubles / halves / is quartered ).
8 17. For Transverse Waves, the disturbance is ( parallel / perpendicular ) to the direction of propagation, and in Longitudinal Waves, the disturbance is ( parallel / perpendicular ) to the direction of propagation.You dip your finger repeatedly into water and make waves. If you dip your finger more frequently, the wavelength of the waves ( lengthens / shortens / stays the same ).19. The period of an ocean wave is 20 seconds. What is the wave’s frequency?f = 1/Tf = 1/20f = .05 Hz
9 20. A certain ocean wave has a frequency of 0 20. A certain ocean wave has a frequency of 0.50 hertz and a wavelength of 10 meters. What is the wave’s speed? v = ●f v = .50 Hz x 10 meters v = 5 m/s 21. Waves bouncing off a surface is an example of ( reflection / refraction ) 22. When 2 or more waves are in the same place at the same time it is ( interference / resonance )
10 23. When waves are amplified in a tube due to energy added at regular time intervals is called ( interference / resonance )24. Interference that decreases the amplitude of a wave is ( constructive / destructive ).Two waves arrive at the same place at the same time exactly in step with each other. Each wave has an amplitude of 3.0 m. The resulting wave has an amplitude of3 + 3 = 6 m26. A wave created by shaking a rope up and down is called a (longitudinal / constructive / transverse ) wave.
11 27. Sound is an example of a (longitudinal / Doppler / transverse ) wave. 28. An train is coming towards you. The frequency of the sound waves will ( decrease / increase ) as the ambulance approaches. 29. What category of wave does NOT describe sound? a.longitudinal b. mechanical c. transverse 30. Sound waves are produced by (radio station waves /objects under pressure / vibrating objects ).
12 31. The sound from a trumpet travels a 343 m/s in air 31. The sound from a trumpet travels a 343 m/s in air. If the frequency of the note is 512 Hz, what is the wavelength of the sound wave? Wavelength = v/f Wavelength = 343/512 Wavelength = .67 m 32. A sound wave that has a higher frequency has a wavelength that is (shorter / longer ). 33. The Doppler effect occurs when a source of sound moves (toward you / away from you / both ).
13 34. As the sound of a car's horn passes and recedes from you, the frequency of the horn seems to ( increase / decrease ). 35. When an ambulance is moving towards you, the frequencies of the sound waves are (lower /higher ) and the wavelength is ( longer / shorter ). 36. The Doppler shift changes the ( frequency / speed ) & ( amplitude / wavelength ) of a wave. 37. What is the Doppler effect? The change in observed frequency due to the motion of the source or observer.
14 38. An echo is heard in 6.5 seconds after “What’s Up” is yelled down a canyon. How far did the sound wave travel? (Assume temperature of air is 20o C)? (Use the t = d/v) d = t x v d = 6.5 x 343 (speed of sound at 20o C) d = m 39. Calculate the speed of sound in air that is 35OC. V = x Temp. V = x 35 V = = 352 m/s
15 40. Which of the following would be most likely to transmit sound with the highest speed? a. Steel b. wood c. water41. The speed of a sound wave depends on the medium.The phenomenon of beats results from sound ( reflection / refraction/ interference ).43. For sound, loudness is a measure of the waves ( tone / amplitude / equilibrium ).
16 44. For sound, pitch measures the ( tone / amplitude / frequency ) of the wave. 45. As the length of a tube increases, the frequency it produces (decreases / increases ) and the wavelength (decreases / increases ). 46. As the tension in a guitar string is lowered, the frequency it produces (decreases / increases ). 47. If you blow across the top of a bottle with more force, the frequency it produces (decreases / increases / stays the same ) and the loudness of the sound (decreases / increases / stays the same )
17 48. The Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapsed due to ( beats / destructive interference / resonance ). 49. Five people playing the drums is louder than one because of (constructive / destructive ) interference. 50. A human’s perception of the amplitude of a sound wave is the ( pitch / vibration / loudness ). 51. Listen for these louder and quieter oscillations of sound to disappear when tuning an instrument. a. Loudness c. Vibration b. Resonance d. Beats
18 52. The range for audible sound is from 20 Hz to ( 2000 / 20,000 / 200,000 ) Hz. 53. Sound waves are too low to hear are (infrasonic / ultrasonic ) and sound waves are too high to hear are (infrasonic / ultrasonic ). 54. Bats use ( infrasonic / ultrasonic ) and (radar / echolocation ) to locate their next meal. 55. ( Sonar / Radar ) uses echoing sound waves to locate objects and determine how far away they are.