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Teen Depression Northgate High School Crisis Counselors

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Presentation on theme: "Teen Depression Northgate High School Crisis Counselors"— Presentation transcript:

1 Teen Depression Northgate High School Crisis Counselors
Shannon Brueckner, MFT Maren Dalgaard, MFT

2 Agenda Introduction Supporting a teen Depression facts & statistics
Prevention Questions? Signs & symptoms Resources Differences in teens Effects of depression Suicide facts & statistics Suicide warning signs What to do

3 Introduction Occasional bad moods or acting out is to be expected, but depression is something different There are many misconceptions about teen depression Depression strikes teenagers far more often than most people think Depression is highly treatable, but experts say only 1 in 5 depressed teens receive help
 Teenagers usually must rely on others for help

4 Depression facts & statistics
Depression is the most prevalent mental health disorder Depressive episodes are recurring for 60% of individuals Depression is twice as likely in females vs. males Only 25% of individuals with depression receive adequate treatment 

5 Signs & symptoms of depression
Mood Depressed mood, either sad and/or irritable (especially in teens) Loss of interest and pleasure in daily activities Body Changes in appetite Changes in sleep patterns Psychomotor agitation (pacing or restlessness) or slowed movements Extreme fatigue or lack of energy

6 Signs/symptoms of depression cont’d…
Behavior Decreased motivation Decreased task performance Withdrawal or isolation Lack of attention to hygiene or appearance Diminished desire to talk, socialize or interact Thinking Inability to think, remember, concentrate or marked indecisiveness Very low self-esteem Feelings of guilt, self-reproach or worthlessness Suicidal ideation

7 The difference between teenage and adult depression
I f you’re unsure if a teen is depressed or just “being a teenager,” consider... How different the teen is acting from his or her usual self How long the symptoms have been present How severe they are Depressed teens can experience Unexplained aches and pains Extreme sensitivity to criticism Withdrawal from some, but not all people Irritable or angry mood (rather than sad/depressed)

8 Effects of teen depression
Many rebellious and unhealthy behaviors or attitudes in teenagers are actually indications of depression Problems at school Running away Drug and alcohol abuse Low self-esteem Internet addiction Reckless behavior Violence Self-injury Eating disorders 

9 Suicide facts and statistics
Women are more likely to attempt suicide Males are more likely to complete suicide For every completed suicide by youth, it is estimated 100 to 200 attempts are made In 2007, suicide ranked as the third leading cause of death for young people (ages 15-24) Research has shown that most adolescent suicides occur after school hours and in the teen’s home LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) youth are 4-8 times more likely to make a suicide attempt

10 Suicide facts and statistics cont’d…
Not all adolescent attempters admit their intent Many adolescent suicide attempts are precipitated by interpersonal conflict Talking about suicide does NOT cause someone to become suicidal Nearly everyone at some time in his/her life thinks about suicide or ceasing to exist

11 Suicide risk factors Include (but are NOT limited to):
Presence of psychiatric disorder Impulsivity/aggression Increase use of alcohol or drugs Exposure to another’s suicide or have attempted before themselves Recent severe stressors Family instability or significant family conflict Lack of coping skills Recent severe loss or threat of significant loss Situation of humiliation or failure History of violence or hostility Unwillingness to “connect” with potential helpers Highly rejecting behaviors, especially toward LGBT youth

12 Suicide warning signs in teenagers
Talk about suicide, death or no reason to live Be preoccupied with death and dying Express a sense of hopelessness Withdrawal from friends and/or social activities Experience drastic changes in behavior Lose interest in hobbies, work, school, etc. Lose interest in personal appearance Give away prized possessions Prepare for death (making out will, final arrangements, etc.)

13 What to do Encourage a depressed teen to open up Offer support
Be gentle but persistent Listen without lecturing Validate feelings Get professional help if necessary

14 Getting treatment for teen depression
Make an immediate appointment with PCP for a depression screening Bring specific information about symptoms; how long present, how much affecting daily life, any noticed patterns, close relatives with depression /other mental health disorder If no health problems, seek out a depression specialist Get your child’s input Don’t rely on medication alone Discuss with the specialist about treatment options: One-on-one talk therapy Group or family therapy Medication

15 Supporting a teen through depression treatment
Be understanding Take care of whole family when one child is depressed Encourage physical activity Take care of yourself Encourage social activity Reach out for support Stay involved in treatment Be open with the family Remember the siblings Learn about depression Avoid the blame game

16 Prevention Offer unconditional support
Build or maintain a positive relationship with your teen Talk each day Find out what excites and concerns your teen Encourage feeling expression Recognize achievements Praise his or her strengths Offer positive feedback Prepare and eat meals together Respond to anger with calm reassurance Spend time in the same room

17 Prevention cont’d… Foster friendship and social networks
Monitor media use Encourage physical activity Promote good sleep Consider mental health therapy Learn about depression Develop skills to handle stress in a positive way Communicate with each other more effectively Understand the effect that stress and depression can have on a person's life

18 Questions?

19 Resources Primary Care Physician Websites Therapist (talk-therapy)
Psychiatrist (Rx) Crisis Lines TALK 1-800-SUICIDE 911 Northgate Counselors (925) (925) ext. 3519 Websites

20 Sources American Association of Suicidology
National Association of Mental Illness (NAMI) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) World Health Organization (WHO) Family Acceptance Project

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