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WMO Information System (WIS) WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION Weather – Climate - Water Dieter C. Schiessl Director, Crosscutting Coordination WMO Tel:

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Presentation on theme: "WMO Information System (WIS) WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION Weather – Climate - Water Dieter C. Schiessl Director, Crosscutting Coordination WMO Tel:"— Presentation transcript:

1 WMO Information System (WIS) WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION Weather – Climate - Water Dieter C. Schiessl Director, Crosscutting Coordination WMO Tel: Mobile: Fax:

2 WMO programmes directly contribute to GEO societal benefit areas –Weather (WWW), Disasters (DPM), Water (HWR) Climate (WCP with co-sponsored GCOS and WCRP) Agro-meteorology (AMP), and indirectly more WMOs World Weather Watch (WWW) includes 3 major operational systems: –Global Observing System (GOS) –Global Data Processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS) –Global Telecommunication System (GTS) WMO Information System (WIS)WMO Information System (WIS) will expand the GTS with new functions and connectivity to meet wider needs beyond WWW and even WMO WMO is a system of systems

3 Some GTS characteristics Integrated network interconnecting NMSs worldwide, using point-to-point and multipoint circuits, terrestrial & satellite links Hierarchical structure at 3 levels: Main Telecom Network : 3 World Centres and 15 Regional Hubs 7 Regional Meteorological Telecom Networks 180+ national centres for data collection/concentration/distribution Designed for operational time-critical data exchange among the global community of National Met Centres (NMC) and a few other agencies; Operated and funded by the NMSs; based on WMO-agreed rules (codes, abbreviated bulletin headings, protocols, procedures) Main features: exceptional reliability, continuity, timeliness

4 Vientiane Ulaanbaatar Baghdad Doha Kuwait Bahrain Dhaka Yangon Kathmandu Kabul Karachi Colombo Male Hanoi Phnom Penh PyongYang Ashgabad Macao 64K Dushanbe Almaty NI Seoul NI K (V.34) 64K K V K 9.6K 64K64K 128K 64K 50 64K K2.4K 64K K K Melbourne Offenbach Cairo Algiers Moscow Kuala Lumpur Tashkent Novosibirsk Khabarovsk Bangkok Frame Relay CIR Frame Relay CIR Melbourne Washington Frame Relay CIR NI K (V.34) Regional Meteorological Telecommunication Network for Region II (Asia) December 2004 Bishkek 64K64K 2.4K Singapore 9.6K RTH in Region II NMC in Region II Centre in other region MTN circuit Regional circuit Interregional circuit Additional circuit Non-IP link IP link NI No implementation K (V.34) Tehran Sanaa 200 Hong Kong Moscow NI Frame Relay CIR Tokyo Beijing Frame Relay CIR New Delhi IMTN-MDCN CIR IMTN-MDCN CIR Manila IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR Internet Jeddah Internet Muscat Emirates NI Id V.34 64K Internet Washington Internet ISDN 128K K (V.34) Via Moscow IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR K (V.34) Frame Relay CIR Internet IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR IMTN-MDCN Frame Relay CIR CMA-VSAT

5 World Meteorological Centres WWW GTS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres National Meteorological Centres Meteorological and R&D Satellite Operator Centres GTS current users National, Regional, Specialized, and World Meteorological Centres Meteorological Satellite Operator Centres

6 Information management – multiplicity of data formats; few/uncoordinated metadata & catalogues Current situation Information exchange – multiplicity of procedures; real-time and non-real time; push & pull Internet 5 GAW World Data Centres GCOS Data Centres Global Run-off Data Centre stop IRI and other climate research institutes Universities Regional Climate Centres stop WWW GTS World Meteorological Centres Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres National Meteorological Centres Meteorological and R&D Satellite Operator Centres International Organizations (IAEA, CTBTO, UNEP, FAO.. ) Commercial Service Providers World Radiation Centre Regional Instrument Centres WMO World Data Centres stop stop stop stop WWW GTS

7 Cg-XIV (2003) The multiplicity of systems of the different Programmes causes incompatibilities, inefficiencies, duplication of efforts and higher overall costs. Congress approved the concept of the WMO Information System (WIS), which should provide a single coordinated global infrastructure for the collection and sharing of information in support of all WMO and related international programmes; EC-LVI (2004) Identified WIS to be one of the key contributions of WMO to GEOSS; established a coordination mechanism across TCs. EC-LVII (2005) Decided to accelerate development and implementation of WIS beginning implementation, at least in some countries, in 2006 instead of 2008, as originally planned.

8 WIS brings new features and opportunities Interoperable information exchange standards, functions and services through Portal architecture allowing a variety of codes, protocols, and data representation forms Inter-disciplinary discovery, retrieval and exchange of information in real and non-real time through a single entry point in each country Open to all users for data discovery, to authorized users for data access (according to national data policies) Data are described in on-line catalogues using metadata based on ISO Industry standards and off-the-shelf hardware and software systems to ensure cost-effectiveness and inter- operability New !

9 Information management – Information exchange – GAW World Data Centres GCOS Data Centres Global Run-off Data Centre Global Precip. Climatology Centre IRI, Hadley Centre, other climate research centres Universities Regional Climate Centres International Organizations (IAEA, CTBTO, UNEP, FAO.. ) Commercial Service Providers World Radiation Centre Regional Instrument Centres WMO World Data Centres common procedures; real-time and non-real time services few standard data formats; coordinated metadata & catalogues Real-time push On-demand pull internet DCPC NC/ DCPC NC NC/ DCPC NC GISC Satellite Two-Way Systems Satellite Dissemination (IGDDS) NC DCPC GISC DCPCWIS

10 National Centre (NC) Provides information collected/generated in the country to a GISC or DCPC Serves as portal for national users and/or administrates their access to WIS Several NCs in a country are possible (not just the NMC) Data Collection and Production Centre (DCPC) Provides the programme-specific data & products for international exchange Supports information Push and Pull mechanisms Generates, maintains, makes accessible and provides to GISCs metadata catalogues of its data & products

11 Global Information System Centre (GISC) Receives information from NCs and DCPCs Exchanges information (data and metadata) with other GISCs Disseminates, within its area of responsibility, the entire set of WMO data and products for routine global exchange Generates, maintains and makes accessible metadata catalogues of all data and products for global echange Ensures around-the-clock, reliable and secure operations

12 Information collection data flow

13 Information distribution data flow

14 GEO satellites in the region LEO satellites Global data (recorded/dumped) DCPC Data, metadata & user management R&D satellites GISC (Data, metadata and user management) Central processing Regional processing Local processing Polar orbiting satellites Network of HRPT stations RARS Data exchange with other DCPCs Satellite products Central processing Interoperability National centres and other users IGDDS within the WIS Routine Dissemination ADM Other media Other media Request/ reply (Internet) Request/ reply (Internet) Request/ reply (Internet) Request/ reply (Internet)

15 IGDDS Integrated Global Data Dissemination Service Thematic component of the WIS for space-based data & products IGDDS addresses requirements specific to satellite data: –Data concentration (incl. GEO, LEO, RARS, R&D, products) –Data distribution (ADM, Direct Broadcast, Internet push/pull, GTS) –Service management (interoperable catalogue, metadata, access control, quality of service monitoring) and interactive services, user support Expanding current assets : –Rolling Requirements Review for observation data –EUMETCAST as a model of ADM dissemination –EARS as a model for RARS –Point-to-point GTS as backbone to send products to NWP centres

16 Development of: Metadata catalogues Internet portals Data acquisition and discovery service Data distribution service: push and pull Monitoring and control functions Operational aspects like data synchronisation, back-up, administrative issues, etc. through pilot projects … WIS Implementation

17 Main WIS Pilot Projects JCOMM: GISC-E2EDM prototype (Obninsk, Russian Federation); CBS: VPN Pilot Project in RAs II and V; CCl: CliWare (Obninsk, Russian Federation); EUMETNET: UNIDART project (Uniform data request interface); CBS: SIMDAT / RA VI Virtual GISC project involving 10 leading centres in RA II, IV, V and VI; CAgM: WAMIS (World Agrometeoroloigcal Information Service, Republic of Korea); CAS: THORPEX/TIGGE (THORPEX Interactive Grand Global Ensemble)

18 EU-funded SIMDAT / RA VI Virtual GISC project - A portal will be installed on each site running SIMDAT software and will give users a single view of all the data available at all sites. A demonstration at CBS- Ext(069 (Nov. 2006) will show some of the portals and that users can discover the data from the different sites. (Australia) (Japan) (China) (USA)

19 Reference implementation WMO Core metadata; Integration of metadata structures into pilot GISCs and DCPCs Internet portal Basic data acquisition, discovery and push-pull services; RA VI VGISC project as a GISC prototype; DCPCs prototypes including the ECMWF and EUMETSAT DCPC projects associated with the VGISC project; an NCAR DCPC prototype; a DCPC prototype for JCOMM related data; WIS Implementation 2006

20 WIS Deliverables (2007 – 2008) Pilot and demo projects will be evaluated Continuing promotion of WIS; WMO Metadata catalogues Begin of development of an open source software library, metadata acquisition & synchronisation, including Internet portal software; Some GISCs will become operational offering metadata; Internet portals; push/pull services; performance monitoring; Some DCPCs and NCs, will be linked to the GISCs; Data discovery service operational; Development and implementation of the WIS training components Regional implementation plans will be developed; Network performance monitoring

21 WIS and GEOSS GEOSS comprises a GEO Information System of Systems (GEO- ISS) GEO-ISS to serve 9 societal benefit areas and provide 6 main functions in each of these areas: –data collection, management, storage, routine distribution, on request retrieval and interactive services WIS (including IGDDS) is a core contributor to GEO-ISS –covering mainly the weather, climate and water-related themes –providing all 6 functions for relevant data –under the responsibility of WMO It is expected that other networks provided by other communities will serve the needs of other themes, all being interoperable

22 1.WIS will provide data and products related to WMO programmes contributing to GEO (in particular for weather, climate, water, natural disasters related societal benefit areas) 2.WIS will offer access to these data for other GEO users outside WMO 3.WIS can potentially assist in other GEO data exchanges, if technically compatible and cost-efficient 4.WIS multidisciplinary, global, multifunction architecture could serve as an example for other relevant networks needed for the GEO information exchange Potential WIS contributions to GEOSS

23 GEO-NETcast (a component of GEO-ISS) provides a high- capacity (satellite dissemination) service available for all GEO themes GEO-NETCast will have certain components in common with WIS, e.g., –IGDDS/EUMETCAST is a contribution to GEO-NETCast & WIS –use of common data management standards GEO-NETcast governance will take into account the overall GEO-ISS architecture and requirments of data providers and users, and infrastructure providers GEO-NETCast within GEOSS (1)

24 System Z Requirements Collection Data management Dissemination Discovery & retrieval Archive System Y Requirements Collection Data management Dissemination Discovery & retrieval Archive Data exchange and management functions WIS (incl IGDDS) Requirements Collection Data management Dissemination Discovery & retrieval Archive System X Requirements Collection Data management Dissemination Discovery & retrieval Archive Common set of interoperability standards

25 System Z Requirements Collection Data management DIssemination Discovery & retrieval Archive System Y Requirements Collection Data management DIssemination Discovery & retrieval Archive GEO-Netcast within GEOSS (2) WIS (incl IGDDS) Requirements Collection Data management Dissemination Discovery & retrieval Archive System X Requirements Collection Data management Dissemination Discovery & retrieval Archive Common set of interoperability standards

26 Users would benefit from a single access to data from all providers through unique interface (e.g. TV viewer selecting programmes) Issues: levels of integration, e.g., –one DCPC per region ? or several dealing with different themes ? –one single telecom service provider for the globe ? one per region ? –In case of several DCPCs relying on different telecom service providers, could the user still access the data through an single GEO-Netcast interface? Scenarios to be investigated with respect to technical feasibility, cost and risk, bearing in mind user interest, governance and policy issues in order to get wide support across GEO GEO-NETCast within GEOSS (3)

27 Main challenges: Development of interoperability through ctive involvement and contribution of all WMO Programmes and Technical Commissions Development of interoperability through active involvement and contribution of all WMO Programmes and Technical Commissions Promotion and support of pilot projects and prototype solutionsPromotion and support of pilot projects and prototype solutions Regional and sub-regional development and implementation planningRegional and sub-regional development and implementation planning

28 Thank you WIS WMO Information System

29 Frequently asked questions (1) Q1:Will there still be a GTS data exchange mechanism as we know it today? Yes, but with additional functions and flexibility Q2:With several NCs within a country, what is the role of the NMC/RTH? Only the NMC/RTH will manage the GTS traffic according to the WMO Manual on the GTS In addition, the NMC/RTH could be selected as the national network coordinator for connection and access rights of the other NCs Q3:Who are the so-called other NCs in a country? Examples are national or international data centres, academia, research institutions, commercial service providers

30 Q4:What will be the WIS operational role of a NMHS? The NMHS will gain timely and cost-effective access to information, in particular new data and products, which will improve its own operations. The NMC is will also be enable to provide data and critical information to other national agencies/users (dealing in disaster mitigation, agriculture, energy and water management, and so forth) that was not available to them, or difficult to obtain. The NMC would push to them routine information, such as warnings, advisories, selected measurements, etc., and help discover, select and channel relevant information to users, either ad hoc, in the pulling mode, or in reply to a non-real-time request. WIS will enhance the visibility and role of the NMHS Frequently asked questions (2)

31 Frequently asked questions (3) Q5:Is there a financial or administrative burden on the NMC? Financial - That depends on how the national network is organized; NO! if the other NCs are directly connected to the Network Service Provider YES! if the NC data flow through the NMC: Administrative – YES! If the NMC assumes the responsibility of the national WIS network manager addressing NC access rights, accounting and service availability, etc.

32 Q6:Does the WIS comply with the WMO data policy (Res. 40 (Cg-XII) and Res. 25 (Cg-XIII)), and is it flexible enough to follow an evolution of the WMO data policy? Yes, the management and practices related to essential and additional data and products and related conditions will remain unchanged Procedures for managing of access rights, control of data retrieval, registration and identification of users, etc. can be defined as and when required Anonymous downloading is technically possible, but depends on whether a NC permits that function Frequently asked questions (4)

33 Q7:Are there implications in connection with relevant international law, convention, such as copyright, patent, etc.? WIS has no system-inherent features that would violate international legal frameworks; the control procedures are fully within the responsibility of the NMCs. Q8:Is WIS affordable, in particularly to developing countries? WIS will be based on industry standards, off-the-shelf hardware and open source software. That means the initial investment is determined by the cost for PCs and the required Internet and/or VPN connections. Generic solutions will be the exception. Frequently asked questions (5)


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