History 1983 – First genetically engineered plant developed, a antibiotic resistant tobacco 1991 – US Dept. of Ag. publishes guidelines for genetically engineered crops 1994 – First genetically engineered tomato, Flavr Savr, is introduced into US markets 1995 – Genetically Engineered soybean, corn, and cotton are approved for commercialization 2000 – Golden rice becomes the first food produced that was genetically modified to increase nutritional value
Background Genetic Engineering has allowed the exchange of genetic material between living species A genetically modified organism is an organism whose genome has been altered by addition or subtraction of a specific gene Inserted genes come from external, unrelated sources
US Regulations Three agencies are responsible for genetically modified crops FDA USDA EPA Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Genetically modified food labelling is optional in the United States
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