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Cross Cultural Communication Challenges

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Presentation on theme: "Cross Cultural Communication Challenges"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cross Cultural Communication Challenges
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2 Table of Contents Introduction Objective Outline Part 1 Part 2 Part 3
Summary EXIT

3 Introduction Communication is a part of our everyday lives.
We all communicate with each other. No matter how well we think we understand each other, communication is not easy.

4 Objective The goal of this presentation is to learn to communicate across cultural lines as individuals.

5 Outline Part I : Cross Cultural Communication Challenges
Part II : Six Fundamental Patterns of Cultural Differences Part III : Respecting our Differences and Working Together Part IV : Guidelines for Multicultural Collaboration

6 Part I

7 Cross Cultural Communication Challenges
“Culture” is often the root of our communication challenges. Our culture influences how we approach problems and how we participate in groups and communities. When we participate in groups, it often surprises us at how differently people approach their work together.

8 Part II

9 Six Fundamental Patterns of Cultural Differences
The following are ways in which culture, tends to vary from one another. Different Communication Styles. Different Attitudes Toward Conflict. Different Approaches Toward Completing Tasks. Different Decision Making Styles. Different Attitudes Towards Disclosure. Different Approaches to Knowing.

10 Different Communication Styles.
The way people communicate varies widely between, and even within cultures. Across cultures, words and phrases are used in different ways. For example, in countries that share the English language, the meaning of “yes” varies from “maybe, I’ll consider it” to “definitely so,” with many shades in between.

11 Different Attitudes Toward Conflict.
Some cultures view conflict as a positive thing, while others view it as something to be avoided. In many Eastern countries, open conflict is viewed as embarrassing or demeaning; as a rule, differences are best worked out quietly.

12 Different Approaches Toward Completing Tasks.
Different cultures have different ways they use to work towards completing tasks. Asian and Hispanic cultures tend to attach more value to developing relationships at the beginning of a shared project and more emphasis on task completion toward the end. European-Americans tend to focus immediately on the task at hand, and let relationships develop as they work on the task. This in no way means that people from any one of these cultures are more or less committed to accomplishing the task, or value relationships more or less; it means they pursue them differently.

13 Different Decision Making Styles.
The roles individuals play in decision-making vary widely from culture to culture. For example, in the U.S., decisions are frequently delegated. In many Southern European and Latin American countries, there is strong value placed on holding decision-making responsibilities to oneself. Be ware that individual’s expectations about their own roles in shaping a decision may be influenced by their cultural frame.

14 Different Attitudes Towards Disclosure.
In some cultures it is not appropriate to be frank about emotions, about the reasons behind a conflict or a misunderstanding or personal information. Variation in attitudes among cultures toward disclosure is something to consider before concluding that you have an accurate understanding of the views, experiences and goals of the people with whom you’re working with.

15 Different Approaches to Knowing.
Notable differences occur among cultural groups when it comes to the ways people come to know things. European cultures tend to consider information acquired through cognitive means, such as counting and measuring, more valid than other ways of coming to know things. African cultures prefer affective ways of knowing, including symbolic imagery and rhythm.

16 Different approaches to knowing could affect ways of analyzing a community problem or finding ways to resolve it. Some group members may prefer to do a library research to understand a shared problem and identify possible solutions. Others may prefer to visit places and people who have experienced similar challenges and get a feeling of best practices.

17 Part III

18 Respecting Our Differences – Working Together
We can learn to collaborate across cultural lines as individuals and as a society. Being aware of cultural differences doesn’t have to divide us but should instead help us communicate with each other more effectively. An appreciation of patterns of cultural difference can assist us in processing what it means to be different in ways that are respectful of others, not faultfinding or damaging.

19 Part IV

20 Guidelines for Multi-Cultural Collaboration
Learn from generalizations about other cultures, but don't use those generalizations to stereotype. Don’t assume that there’s only one write way (yours) to communicate. Listen actively and empathetically. Respect other’s choices about whether they would like to engage in communication with you. Suspend judgement and try and look at the situation as an outsider. Develop an understanding from the other person’s point of view. Be aware of current power imbalances.

21 Summary Cultural norms may not apply to the behavior of any particular individual. We are all shaped by many, many factors -- our ethnic background, our family, our education, and our personalities. Check your interpretations if you are uncertain what is meant.

22 The End

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