3 Chicken PoxA person with chickenpox is contagious 1-2 days before the rash and until 6 days after the first blister appears. Children should stay away from school or childcare facilities throughout this contagious period. Adults with chickenpox who work amongst children, should also remain at home.It can take from days after contact with an infected person for someone to develop chickenpox. This is how long it takes for the virus to replicate and come out in the characteristic rash in the new host.
4 Chicken PoxChickenpox is highly contagious and is easily spread from person to person by breathing in airborne respiratory droplets from an infected person's coughing or sneezing or through direct contact with the fluid from the open sores. A person who is not immune to the virus has a 70-80% chance of being infected with the virus if exposed in the early stages of the disease.
17 Fifth DiseaseFifth disease is a common childhood infection causing a slapped cheek appearance and a rash.Fifth disease is caused by a virus. It most commonly affects young children and often occurs in several members of the family or school class. Thirty percent of infected individuals have no symptoms.Infective from 14 days before and ceasing at the onset of the rash.No recommendation to keep away from school once well
20 ImpetigoImpetigo is a bacterial skin infection. It is often called school sores because it most often affects children. It is quite contagious
21 During the infectious stage, i. e During the infectious stage, i.e. while the impetigo is oozing or crusted:Cover the affected areas.Avoid close contact with others.Affected children must stay away from school until crusts have dried out.Use separate towels and flannels.Change and launder clothes and linen daily.
26 Warts are tumours or growths of the skin caused by infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV). More than 70 HPV subtypes are known.Warts are particularly common in childhood and are spread by direct contact or autoinocculation. This means if a wart is scratched, the viral particles may be spread to another area of skin. It may take as long as twelve months for the wart to first appear.
27 In children, even without treatment, 50% of warts disappear within 6 months; 90% are gone in 2 years. They are more persistent in adults but they clear up eventually.Many people don't bother to treat them because treatment can be more uncomfortable and troublesome than the warts - they are hardly ever a serious problem. However, warts may be painful and they often look ugly and cause embarrassment.TreatmentOcclusionChemical treatment.Cryotherapy
29 Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Hand foot and mouth disease is a common mild and short-lasting condition most often affecting young children during the summer months.Hand-foot-and-mouth is due to a viral infection, usually Coxsackie virus. It is very infectious, so several members of the family or a school class may be affected.
30 After an incubation period of 3 to 5 days, the infection results in flat small blisters on the hands and feet, and oral ulcers. These are sometimes painful, so the child eats little and frets. There may be a mild fever.No recommended period to be off school once well
48 Scalp ringworm is most commonest between 3 and 7 years of age Scalp ringworm is most commonest between 3 and 7 years of age. It is slightly more common in boys than girls.Some infections are more common in crowded living conditions. The fungus can contaminate hairbrushes, clothing, towels and the backs of seats. The spores are long lived and can infect another individual months later.Zoophilic infections are due to direct contact with an infected animal and are not generally passed from one person to another.
51 Thread worms Main symptom is itch. Treat all members of the household, even if no symptoms. (1/3 of infections asymptomatic)Hygiene measures required even after treatment to prevent reinfection. Handwashing, short nails, discourage thumb sucking, cleaning bedlinen and bathrooms.Humans are the only host for threadworms