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Common Childhood Illness

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Presentation on theme: "Common Childhood Illness"— Presentation transcript:

1 Common Childhood Illness


3 Chicken Pox A person with chickenpox is contagious 1-2 days before the rash and until 6 days after the first blister appears. Children should stay away from school or childcare facilities throughout this contagious period. Adults with chickenpox who work amongst children, should also remain at home. It can take from days after contact with an infected person for someone to develop chickenpox. This is how long it takes for the virus to replicate and come out in the characteristic rash in the new host.

4 Chicken Pox Chickenpox is highly contagious and is easily spread from person to person by breathing in airborne respiratory droplets from an infected person's coughing or sneezing or through direct contact with the fluid from the open sores. A person who is not immune to the virus has a 70-80% chance of being infected with the virus if exposed in the early stages of the disease.


6 Shingles Reactivation of Herpes Zoster




10 Herpes Simplex Cold sores



13 Molluscum Contagiosum
Viral infection No reccomendation to be kept away from school, or from activities such as swimming.




17 Fifth Disease Fifth disease is a common childhood infection causing a slapped cheek appearance and a rash. Fifth disease is caused by a virus. It most commonly affects young children and often occurs in several members of the family or school class. Thirty percent of infected individuals have no symptoms. Infective from 14 days before and ceasing at the onset of the rash. No recommendation to keep away from school once well



20 Impetigo Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection. It is often called school sores because it most often affects children. It is quite contagious

21 During the infectious stage, i. e
During the infectious stage, i.e. while the impetigo is oozing or crusted: Cover the affected areas. Avoid close contact with others. Affected children must stay away from school until crusts have dried out. Use separate towels and flannels. Change and launder clothes and linen daily.



24 Viral Warts No recommendation to keep away from school or activities.


26 Warts are tumours or growths of the skin caused by infection with Human Papillomavirus (HPV). More than 70 HPV subtypes are known. Warts are particularly common in childhood and are spread by direct contact or autoinocculation. This means if a wart is scratched, the viral particles may be spread to another area of skin. It may take as long as twelve months for the wart to first appear.

27 In children, even without treatment, 50% of warts disappear within 6 months; 90% are gone in 2 years. They are more persistent in adults but they clear up eventually. Many people don't bother to treat them because treatment can be more uncomfortable and troublesome than the warts - they are hardly ever a serious problem. However, warts may be painful and they often look ugly and cause embarrassment. Treatment Occlusion Chemical treatment. Cryotherapy


29 Hand Foot and Mouth Disease
Hand foot and mouth disease is a common mild and short-lasting condition most often affecting young children during the summer months. Hand-foot-and-mouth is due to a viral infection, usually Coxsackie virus. It is very infectious, so several members of the family or a school class may be affected.

30 After an incubation period of 3 to 5 days, the infection results in flat small blisters on the hands and feet, and oral ulcers. These are sometimes painful, so the child eats little and frets. There may be a mild fever. No recommended period to be off school once well


32 Sunburn Prevention rather than cure!
Simple mosturisers or aftersun lotions and pain relief. See GP or casualty if severe.


34 Conjunctivitis Bacterial Viral Allergic For Infective conjnctivitis
No recommended period to keep child off school once well




38 Scabies Exclude from school until treated





43 Tinea Fungal infection.
Presents differently in different areas of the body. Athletes foot Ringworm Scalp ringworm





48 Scalp ringworm is most commonest between 3 and 7 years of age
Scalp ringworm is most commonest between 3 and 7 years of age. It is slightly more common in boys than girls. Some infections are more common in crowded living conditions. The fungus can contaminate hairbrushes, clothing, towels and the backs of seats. The spores are long lived and can infect another individual months later. Zoophilic infections are due to direct contact with an infected animal and are not generally passed from one person to another.


50 Threadworms

51 Thread worms Main symptom is itch.
Treat all members of the household, even if no symptoms. (1/3 of infections asymptomatic) Hygiene measures required even after treatment to prevent reinfection. Handwashing, short nails, discourage thumb sucking, cleaning bedlinen and bathrooms. Humans are the only host for threadworms



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