Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer 11/3/2014 Describe three physical characteristics of toddlers. Explain why they have that characteristic. For example: Toddlers fall down."— Presentation transcript:
1 Bell Ringer 11/3/2014Describe three physical characteristics of toddlers. Explain why they have that characteristic.For example: Toddlers fall down a lot because they are still learning to walk.
2 Toddlers One year old Three year old Moves with uncertainty Needs help dressingEats messilyThree year oldCan run and jumpGets dressed aloneEats neatly with a fork or spoon
4 What we will do today:Standard 10: Compare and contrast physical, emotional, cognitive, and social milestones of development from toddlerhood through adolescence.I can describe aspects of physical development in toddlers.I can reflect on aspects of physical development in toddlers.
5 Why is this important?If you’re teaching a toddler why is knowing about their physical development important?Toddlers learn by doing, investigating, and touching.Toddlers learn through play.
7 Toddlers Learning Toddlers want to do things on their own. Often their motor skills are not fully developed and sometimes they can become very frustrated.
8 Gross Motor Skills Gross Motor Skills involve the use of large muscles What are examples of skills that you will see a toddler do that would involve gross motor skills?
9 Gross Motor SkillsWalkingRunningJumpingKickingClimbing
10 Fine Motor Skills Uses smaller muscles. Requires hand-eye coordination and Dexterity.
11 Fine Motor Skills Scribbling Stacking blocks Using a spoon Drinking from a cup.
12 Let’s see what it’s like to be a toddler… You will complete the three simulations on the activity sheet.After you complete the activity write a reflection about your experience and how it might affect learning.
14 Closing ActivityOn the same sheet that you completed your bell ringer answer the following questions:3 things you learned about toddlers physical development2 things you want more information on1 thing you already knew
15 Bell RingerWhat can a teacher of toddlers do to make sure that all of her students are socializing?
16 I can identify aspects of social development in toddlers.
17 Socialization The process of learning to get along with others Who do toddlers interact with that help them with socialization?
22 3 Years Old Cooperative play Will start to seek friends on their own. Likes to helpShows affectionNotice differences between friendsWill start to choose one friend over another
23 Types of Play Parallel Play Cooperative Play Symbolic Play Imitative PlayImaginative Play
24 What can caregivers do to promote good social skills in their toddler? Basic rulesModelUnderstand and respect others’ feelingsRespect for others belongingsUse words rather than striking
25 Break into two groupsGroup one: Five reasons it is better for a child’s social development to be in a daycare setting.Group two: Five reasons it is better for a child to be at home with a parent for social development
26 Emotional Development I can compare and contrast changes in emotional development in toddlers.
27 Emotional Development Emotional Development depends on two factors:1. The child’s experiences2. The child’s temperament
28 Emotional Development Through ages one and three children are learning new emotions. They are learning how to express and deal with these new emotions.
29 Developing emotions: 18 months Self-centered – Thinking about one’s owns needs and wants and not those of others.
30 Developing emotions: 18 months Negativism – Doing to opposite of what others want. “NO!”The desire for independenceFrustrationThe realization of being a separate personWhy do children of this age go into tantrums?
31 How would you deal with negativism? Giving them choicesEliminate as many restrictions as possibleRedirect the childEncourage talking
32 Developing emotions: 2 years Less at odds with the worldMore developed motor skills and speechExpress love and affectionSeek approval and praise
33 Developing emotions: 2 ½ years A little more difficult stage – Not as easily distractedTheir ability to understand exceeds their ability to perform.Desire for independence
34 Developing emotions: 3 years More physically capable and less frustratedWant to talk about their dayWill modify behavior to win praise and affection
35 Developing emotions: 3 ½ years Become insecureFearsSelf-soothe
36 Bell Ringer Please get out your notes on emotional development. Come up front and get a copy of “Developing Child” textbook
37 Specific Emotions Use “The Developing Child” Read pages 325 – 330 1. Name the five emotions described.2. Explain how the emotion is new to a toddler. (How they react)3. Explain what a teacher can do to help them.
38 Toddlers New EmotionsAngerFearJealousyLove and AffectionEmpathy
39 Anger Roots from frustration 18mo 3yrJust angry Towards a person or thingPhysical Name calling, pouting
40 Anger Teacher Should: Use words Speak Calmly Time in/ Time out – for student to rest
54 Neuroscience Neuroscience is the study of the brain. People used to think that if you provided a toddler with clothes, food, shelter, and a loving/ safe environment it would be enough.Now we know they need experiences also.
55 Intelligence The ability to understand everyday situations Use prior experiences towards new situationsShaped by heredity and environment.Which is more important to the growth of intelligence: heredity or environment?
60 Methods of Learning: Incidental Learning Incidental learning is unplanned learningOops I just learned something!Sharp edges on the table, Sidewalk hurts my feet
61 Methods of Learning: Trial and Error Learning The toddler tries several different solutions to find one that works.12 – 18 months looks like experimentingBy three it is more advanced
62 Methods of Learning: Imitation Learning by watching and copying othersHow have you seen this?
63 Methods of Learning: Directed Learning Learning that is the result from being taughtDeliberate teaching of a skill, fact, or attitudeWho is the teacher?
64 Bell Ringer 11/20/2014Think about the methods of learning (Incidental, Trial and Error, Imitation, and Directed Learning)Pick two of them and explain how you learned through those methods throughout the day yesterday.
65 Intellectual Activity Areas Page 356 All of these areas develop throughout life but are especially remarkable from years one to three.Intellectual Activity Areas Page 356Attention Memory PerceptionReasoning Imagination CreativityCuriosity
67 Intellectual Activity Areas Group One: Attention and Memory Group Two: Perception and Reasoning Group Three: Imagination and Creativity Group Four: Curiosity and Attention Group Five: Memory and Perception Group Six: Reasoning and Imagination Read your assigned two sections. Be ready to discuss your section with the class. Page 356
68 AttentionAttention span as long in minutes as their age (2 years old = 2 minutes long)In the beginning not able to ignore extra stimulationWhat can teacher do?
69 Memory Short term memory – Recall things for a short period of time. Long term memory – Important to remember6-12 months able to remember things for a longer period of time17 – 21 months able to make memoriesWhat can a teacher do?
70 Perception Perception is information received through the senses. What can a teacher do to help a child to help a child to learn how to compute information they receive?
72 Imagination Imagination helps toddlers to deal with new experiences. Imagination is an important part of learning because it allows a child to try new things and be different people in their imagination.
74 Curiosity Helps toddlers to discover new things. Curiosity fuels the brain and development and learning occurs.This is what causes children to wonder WHY!
75 READINESS TO LEARNChildren can learn a new skill when they are physically and intellectually ready. This is another term for….When children are pushed to learn things they are not ready for, they become frustrated and feel like they are failing.However, if you do not push children to learn things they are ready for, they will become “lazy” and not try.(shoes)
76 Toddlers Learning Through Play What kind of activities can a teacher develop for a toddler to learn?What tools would you need?
77 Review What are the four methods of learning we talked about today? What are the seven intellectual activity areas?What is concept development? Why is it important for a teacher to understand?
78 Good Morning!Please get out your notes on toddler development and start to review them before your quiz.
79 Good Morning! December 3, 2014 Please get out your laptop and log in. Once your logged on go to
80 Good Morning! Please get out a laptop and log on. We will be working on the research for your social issue research poster and gallery walk.