2 Absolute locationAbsolute location – the exact spot at which a place is found on the globeTo find absolute location geographers use a grid system using lines that run north to south and east to westThis system helps you find places on the earth’s surface
3 Latitude Lines of latitude measure the distance north or south. Equator-the line that runs across the middle of the earth and measures O degrees.The equator divides the earth into 2 hemispheres: north and southIf a place is above the equator it has a north latitude, if it is below it has a south latitude.
4 Longitude Lines of longitude measure the distance east or west Prime meridian-the line that runs north to south and measures O degreesThe prime meridian divides the earth into two hemisphere: east and westIf a place is east of the Prime meridian it has an east longitude, it is west of the prime meridian it has a west longitude
5 The Global GridEvery place has a global address, called the absolute location.Latitude and Longitude are measured in degrees.For more precise measurements degrees are divided into minutes.Example: Owensboro’s absolute location is Latitude: 37 degrees 46 minutes N, Longitude: 87 degrees 7 minutes W.