Presentation on theme: "O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Chapter 2. O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Region : an area that shares common features that makes it different from other areas."— Presentation transcript:
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Region : an area that shares common features that makes it different from other areas. i.e. language, making a living, culture, physical environment, climate, etc. Scale : a way to determine the distance between two points. i.e. line scale. line scale Physical distance : the measured distance between two points. Time distance : the time it takes to get from one point to another.
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Time zones : a band, 15 degrees of longitude in width, in which all clock time is the same. The globe is divided into 24 time zones. Time zones to the East are 1 H ahead, and time zones to the West are 1 H behind. International date line : the 180 degrees of longitude is called the date line because it marks the place where the calendar day begins. Relief map : this map shows an area’s physical geography. Ex. Valleys, hills, altitude, etc.
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Relief map of Canada – Global Atlas p. 70 1) Name four areas where the land elevation is the highest in Canada. 2) What point on the map is the highest place in Canada? How high is it? 3) What is the lowest elevation point in B.C., in the legend? 4) Name a large island whose elevation is between 0 - 2000 meters. 5) Most of the lowest elevation of land is near what physical feature of the world?
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Asia – p. 60 1) Would you consider central Asia to have high elevation or low elevation? 2) Locate Mt. Everest - What is the elevation (altitude) for this mountain? 3) Find the lowest elevation in Asia. Where is it located? How low is it? Why could it cause problems for this area?
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Map Assignment: On your map of the Atlantic region, label the following: The four Atlantic provinces The capital city of each Five major bodies of water Color the map neatly, and submit for marks Maps will be marked out of 15, with 2 marks toward the coloring / neatness.
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Read pp. 20 – 23. Understand “Finding distances on the ground” p. 20. Measure: 1) Atlantic region from the northern most point to southern most point. 2) width of the Central region 3) width of Prairie region. 4) Pacific region from northern most to southern 5) width of Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut. Answer p. 22 question 2 a, b,& c.
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Time Zone Information Questions: 1) List the six time zones of Canada (east to west). 2) Time moves __________ as you head towards the Atlantic. Time moves __________ as you head towards B.C. (ahead, behind) 3) Why were time zones established? (2 reasons) 4) Why is Newfoundland one-half hour later than Atlantic time? 5) In what time zone do you live?
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT 1) George is flying from Charlottetown to Vancouver Island. How many time zones will he pass through? 2) If it is 9:00am in Victoria, BC, what time is it in Winnipeg, Manitoba? 3) How many hours ahead is Eastern time compared to Pacific time? 4) How many times would you change your watch if you traveled from PEI to Alaska? 5) If you were flying from Toronto, Ontario to Victoria, BC, what time would you land in Victoria if you left Toronto at 1:30pm Eastern Time, assuming it is a three hour flight?
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT 6) If there was a baseball game starting at 2:00pm in Quebec and it was being broadcast live, what time would the game start in Edmonton, Alberta? 7) If it is 8:00am in Quebec City, Quebec, what time is it in Vancouver, BC? 8) If it is 1:00am here, what time is it in Newfoundland? 9) What are the time zones in Saskatchewan?
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT 10) If it was 12:00pm Pacific time, what time would it be in Newfoundland Standard time? 11) If it is 10:00pm in Regina, Sask. What time is it in Halifax, NS? 12) If it is 10:00am in Montreal, Quebec, what time is it in Toronto, Ontario?
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Land forms in Atlantic Canada p. 24 -25 A mountain can be defined as a mass of land that is significantly higher than the surrounding area. Usually, a mountain has an elevation of 600m or more. Most mountains that are found in Atlantic Canada were formed through folding. Folding is a bending of the earth’s crust. The main system of mountains in Atlantic Canada is the Appalachian Mountains. These were once high and jagged but have been worn away over millions of years.
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT A fiord is a long narrow inlet of the sea bordered by steep mountains. There are fiords found along the coast of Labrador. All fiords were once river valleys. During the last ice age, glaciers deepened these valleys and when the ice melted, the water filled the valleys, creating the fiords.
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Questions: 1) Give a general description of the land in the following areas: a) northern New Brunswick b) Cape Breton Island c) northern Nova Scotia d) PEI e) western Newfoundland f) eastern Newfoundland 2) What has happened to the Appalachian mountains over the past 300 million years? Explain.
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT 3) Describe the land in Labrador. 4) Write a note of 4-5 lines on fiords in Atlantic Canada. 5) Identify or give a definition for the following: a) mountain b) upland region c) valley d) folding e) Canadian Shield f) glaciers
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Ch. 2 test review Know the following definitions: mountainlakeregion pondfoldingwetland fiordoceanupland region gulfriverbay Be able to label a map of Atlantic Canada with the following: 4 Atlantic provinces4 capital cities 5 major bodies of water
O UR N ATURAL E NVIRONMENT Know what features distinguish one region from another. Know the 5 regions of Canada and what provinces make up each region. Why is our region referred to as Atlantic Canada? Know why we have time zones, and be able to determine what time it would be in other zones. Know 4 different types of wetlands, and what distinguishes one from another.