Presentation on theme: "Progetto MAIS - WP5 esplorazione di architetture alternative Resoconto delle attività svolte Andrea Pagni STMicroelectronics Advanced System Architectures."— Presentation transcript:
Progetto MAIS - WP5 esplorazione di architetture alternative Resoconto delle attività svolte Andrea Pagni STMicroelectronics Advanced System Architectures Group Milano, 17-18 Novembre 2004
Resoconto WP5 2 Topics Part 1: VLIW-SIM Overview. Part 2: VLIW-SIM Performance. Part 3: VLIW-SIM Library. Part 4: Next Steps.
Resoconto WP5 5 Simulation Approach 1/7 Overview s Interpretative Simulation Approach s Simulation Technology based on a set of re-usable sub-blocks s Pipeline modeling s Instruction execution s Memory modeling s Register file management s I/O simulation s Efficient Host Resources Allocation s Target Architecture Description capability (IS, TAD) s Challenging compromise between Speed and Accuracy
Resoconto WP5 6 During simulation, the pipeline is represented as a 3-dimensional space (phase, operation, time): operation means the instructions position in the bundle, phase is the pipelines phase and time is the given time stamp. Simulation Approach 2/7 pipeline modelling
Resoconto WP5 7 Simulation Approach 3/7 Pipeline modelling s The pipeline status is modelled via a two-dimension array: s The first index is the pipeline phase and the second one is the position of a certain instruction in the fetch-packet. s The simulation process is based on two arrays like the one described above, to represent the current and the following pipeline statuses. s At each machine cycle the pipeline status is processed: actions depending on which instructions are at that phase and then the instructions are moved to the next pipeline phase.
Resoconto WP5 8 At each machine cycle the pipeline status is processed Simulation Approach 4/7 pipeline status update
Resoconto WP5 9 Instructions execution is simulated through an Instruction Table which contains the instruction-routine address and the instruction latency value. Simulation Approach 5/7 Instruction execution
Resoconto WP5 10 s The simulation environment is based on the progressive pipeline status updating taking into account the data coherence in memory locations and in the register file. s To support data coherence two Register files have been used: one for the current Register File status and the other one for the following. s Each time an instruction is executed its operands are loaded from the current register file and results are stored in the following. s This allows sequential simulation of parallel instruction execution. Simulation Approach 6/7 register file status update
Resoconto WP5 11 Simulation Approach 7/7 I/O simulation s I/O Target Architecture specific features separated from Simulation kernel s The SYSCALL pseudo- instruction manages the interface between internal I/O instruction (processor side) and File System I/O calls (OS side). s SYSCALL handle also the general Exception Handling s This mechanism is transparent to other simulator modules: Performance and data flow are not influenced if I/O operation are not present. Details
Resoconto WP5 12 Modeled Target Architectures s Multi-cluster Architecture s 4-issue VLIW core s I/D-cache memories s 6-stages pipeline s RISC-like Instruction Set s 64 32-bit General registers, 8 1-bit special registers ST210TI C62x s 8-issue VLIW core s Optional I-cache memory s 11-stages pipeline s RISC-like Instruction Set s 32 32-bit General registers TI C64x s 8-issue VLIW core s I/D cache memories s 11-stages pipeline s RISC/SIMD Instruction Set s 64 32-bit General registers
Resoconto WP5 13 Windows OS (Visual C++): text mode: project file in vliw_sim/vliw_sim graphical mode: project file in vliw_sim/gui/gui Windows OS (Cygwin, gcc): text mode: makefile in vliw_sim/vliw_sim graphical mode (with XWindows on Cygwin) Linux OS (RedHat, gcc): text mode: makefile in vliw_sim/vliw_sim graphical mode: makefile in vliw_sim/gui/gui Sun OS (Solaris, gcc) text mode: makefile in vliw_sim/vliw_sim graphical mode: makefile in vliw_sim/gui/gui vliw_sim bin_loader cache gui/gui instruction_set io_interf memory pipeline profdebug registers vliw_sim vliw_sim_dll Supported Platforms
Resoconto WP5 25 VLIW-SIM Library 1/2 The VLIW-SIM can be configured as both stand-alone and dynamic library (DLL). extremely useful to interface VLIW-SIM with other applications (system on chip simulation environment, Graphical User Interface, etc.). The simulator-exported functionalities can be divided into two subgroups: Command Functionalities: used to control the simulation (Run, Stop, Insert/remove breakpoint, Continue, Step, etc.) Status Functionality: used to retrieve the simulator internal status and resource allocation (pipeline status and size, register file content and size, etc.)
Resoconto WP5 26 VLIW-SIM Library 2/2 The simulator DLL exports the following functionalities: Control Functions Load Init Step / Step N / Stall Run Restart Debug Support View simulator status ( Pipeline, Register File, Memory ) Breakpoint Utility functions Code profiling Simulated Program Arguments
Resoconto WP5 28 Part 4: Next Steps Where we are. VLIW-SIM Developments.
Resoconto WP5 29 Released version 2.0 and 3.0 of VLIW-SIM. A lot of SW engineering work to improve: Modularity Readibility (doxygen generated documentation) Simulation speed Architectural accuracy: ST210: IPU, DPU, Interrupt Controller, Core Memory Controller, I-cache, D-cache TI C6x: I-cache and D-cache for CPU style, program memory and data memory for DSP style Accurate and not invasive flat profiling (GNU format compatible) Architectural flexible re-configurability Host platform independency Future integration into high level system tools Where we are
Resoconto WP5 30 ST220 accurate modelling Integration inside MaxSim system simulation tools and related experiments VLIW-SIM developments