2 Essay Writing Parts of a thesis sentence: topic, opinion, and reason. A paragraph has at least 5 sentences.Ways to brainstorm: web, list, bracketParts of an outline: introduction, body, conclusionParts of a thesis sentence: topic, opinion, and reason.Transition examples: Before, as a result, in conclusionEvery sentence begins with a capital letter……and ends with some kind of punctuation.
3 Outline Outlines are used to plan for writing, improve organization. I. Introductiona. ThesisII. BodySupporting idea, DetailsSupporting idea, detailsIII. Conclusion
4 Thesis Sentence Found in the introduction, restated in the conclusion Three partsTopic (Idea)OpinionReason
5 Transitions Transitions are words that show time order and direction. They help paragraphs move from one idea or step to the next.They improve organization.Examples: then, next, finally, likewise
6 Capitalization Capitalize proper nouns like- Given names Street addresses and city namesBrands or store namesAbbreviations in names likeJr.Dr.Mrs.
7 Common/ Proper NounsA common noun is a general name for a person, place, thing or idea.Example- theaterA proper noun is a name of a specific person, place, thing or idea.Example- Palace TheaterOnly proper nouns need to be capitalized, so a big clue is if the noun is capitalized.
8 6 Traits of Writing Review Ideas- topic and detailsOrganization- order and structure of writingWord Choice- interesting words used with meaningVoice- personality of writer coming throughSentence Fluency- flow and structure of sentencesConventions- grammatical correctness of writingDescriptive synonyms improve: word choiceCapitalization & Punctuation are: conventions
9 Grammar Elements Review Independent Clause- a complete sentence with a subject + verbDependent Clause- not a complete sentenceCompound Sentence- two independent clauses with a subject + verb and subject + verbSimple Sentence- one independent clauseComplex Sentence- one independent and one dependent clauseFANBOYS- FOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SOA fragment is missing- a subject, verb, or complete thought
10 Simple/ Compound Simple nouns or verbs stand alone Example: The dog barked.Dog is a simple subject because it is the only subject.Compound subject and verbs have more than one part.Example: The dog and cat barked.Dog and cat are your compound subject.Example: The dog barked and ran.Barked and ran is your compound verb.
11 Parts of Speech Noun- person, place, thing, idea, quality Pronoun- replaces noun- he, she, it, they, etc.Verb- action/state of being of nounAdjective- describes the nounAdverb- describes the verbConjunction- links together phrases and clauses, remember FANBOYS
12 Tangerine Review Themes of Tangerine include: Importance of loyalty among friends, telling the truth even when it is difficult, __________________________Foreshadowing: a hint or clue in the story that helps the reader predict what might happen later.Flashbacks: an interruption in the normal sequence of events to show something that happened in the past.
13 ForeshadowingForeshadowing: A writing technique that gives readers clues about what will happen later in the story.“As he pondered the morning, he reassured himself that he locked the door. Something kept telling him otherwise, but he pushed it out of his mind.”What might this be foreshadowing?
14 FlashbackFlashback: details from an earlier point in time are revealed to the reader
15 Tangerine Elements to study… Plot- exposition, rising action, climax, falling actionPrologue- introduction to storyEpilogue- ending of storyCharacterization- descriptions of the characters
16 Characters Story Elements Antagonist- person opposing the main character/ protagonistProtagonist- leading/ main character of storyStory ElementsTheme- message or moral of the storyPrologue- opening of story that establishes setting and gives backgroundPlot- events of the storySetting – where and when the story takes place
17 Point of View1st person point of view- using pronouns I and me to show the narrator’s own perspective as a character in the story.
18 Point of ViewIn addition to 1st person point of view (which Tangerine is told in) there are:3rd person limited point of view- unseen narrator knows thoughts and feelings of some but not all characters.3rd person omniscient point of view- unseen narrator knows all thoughts and feelings of all characters.
19 To begin class…Have your semester review (worth 5 bonus points!) and a pencil on your desk.Your semester test is worth 15% percent of your overall grade. Take your time and think carefully about your answers. Good luck!!