2 DefinitionThe manner and approach in which leaders of a business interact with staff, develop strategies and make decisions. Leadership is based on 3 factors:Proving staff with directionsImplementing plans and organizing staffMotivating staff
3 The types of leadership style Including:Authoritarian leadershipParticipative leadershipDelegative leadership
4 Authoritarian leadership Characteristics of this style:Managers leadManagers are responsible for directing employees and telling them what to doEmployees cannot contribute to decision makingDecisions must be made QUICKLY, so there is no time given to employees opinions. What the leader says, goes.For example, Tim is the leader of a team of employees at Tim’s shoes, he makes all the decisions and does not consult members of staff on their opinions before doing so. He tells employees what he wants done and how to accomplish the task.
5 Participative leadership Characteristics of this style:Also known as democratic leadershipInvolves the leader including one or more employees in the decision making processEmployees are consulted about what to do and how to do itEmployees are encouraged to become empowered. Meaning they help to make decisions when the leaders ask for help and opinions.For example, Sally at Lawnmowers R US is the leader of a team of seven employees, she often sits the members down and asks for their opinions on a topic and they will help her to make the decision in a fashion similar to a democracy.
6 Delegative leadership Characteristics of this style:Also known as free-rein leadershipThe leader allows the employees to make decisionsEmployees have the relevant knowledge, skills and training in order to make these decisions.Managers trust the ability of employees to make the right decisions on their ownFor example Kim is a manager of 30 employees at Toys R US. She describes the task she wants done and hands them over to the members of the team, and trusts them to make the right decisions along the way. The decisions include directing customers to the correct isles, checking for extra stock out the back etc.
7 Case study Richard Branson Richard Branson’s leadership style is considered unconventional. He promotes a hands-off approach to management that encourages employees to make their own decisions. Failure is taken in stride as proof that his people are really stretching themselves.This is an example of delegative leadership style.