Presentation on theme: "To migrate means to leave one’s own country To immigrate means to move to a new country – In other words: I would migrate away from the United States,"— Presentation transcript:
To migrate means to leave one’s own country To immigrate means to move to a new country – In other words: I would migrate away from the United States, but would be immigrating to the Bahamas! A migrant in this bowl… An immigrant in this bowl!
During the 1980s, 8 million immigrants came from Latin America – Nearly equal to the total figure of European immigrants who came to the U.S. during early 1900s U.S. Census Bureau states that there are an estimated 31 million Latinos in the United States, comprising about 11.2 percent of the total population
Push-Pull Factors: What causes people to move? Push Factors: People flee to new regions because of conflicts, natural disasters Pull Factors: People are “drawn” to new regions because of different opportunities elsewhere, such as economic or political/religious freedoms
Voluntary or Forced Migration? Voluntary: free choice Forced: not your choice – Slavery – Refugees
Push Factors: – Not enough jobs – Few opportunities for advancement – Political fear or persecution – Poor medical care – Natural disasters
Pull Factors – Job opportunities – Better living conditions – Political and/or religious freedom – Education – Better medical care – Family links – Industry
Many Mexican-Americans can trace their ancestry not only to Spanish, but also to the Mestizos who have Native American and Spanish blood and who settled in the lands from Florida to California. – They did not immigrate, but were granted American citizenship when Mexico was forced to cede the territory they lived on on after the Mexican-American war in 1848 (NM, CO, AZ, CA)
From 1880-1900, the Southwest experienced an economic boom following the establishment of the railroads in Mexico and the Southwest. 127,000 Mexicans were recruited to work with United States railroad companies
In the early 20 th century (1910-1919), employers in the United States continued recruiting and transporting Mexican workers because: – Chinese & Japanese immigration had been halted – Shortage of European immigrants during World War I – This all changed with the Great Depression and a “repatriation” of 500,000 Mexican Americans (many native born) was conducted by President Hoover
Read the article on the trends of Latin American immigration to the United States. – For each of the six countries discussed, summarize the push/pull factors for individuals who chose to leave the country addressed.