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Earth-Kind Water Conservation. Water Saving Principles Earth Kind landscaping incorporates seven basic principles which lead to saving water:  Planning.

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Presentation on theme: "Earth-Kind Water Conservation. Water Saving Principles Earth Kind landscaping incorporates seven basic principles which lead to saving water:  Planning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Earth-Kind Water Conservation

2 Water Saving Principles Earth Kind landscaping incorporates seven basic principles which lead to saving water:  Planning and Design  Appropriate plant selection  Practical turf areas  Soil analysis and preparation  Efficient irrigation  Use of mulches  Appropriate maintenance

3 Landscape Water Conservation Landscape Planning and Design  Creating a water-efficient landscape begins with a well-thought-out landscape design.  The plan should incorporate all other principles and practices of Earth-Kind:  Drought Tolerant Plants  Practical use of turfgrass (1/3)  Soil Preparation  Efficient Irrigation  Use of Mulch

4 Landscape Water Conservation Appropriate Plant Selection  Selecting drought tolerant plants can have a tremendous impact on your ability to save water.  Texas is blessed with an abundance of beautiful native plants which are naturally adapted to the region. Most have lower water demands, fewer pest problems and less fertilizer needs.  Combining Texas natives with well-adapted non-native plants is a key to a beautiful, interesting landscape which conserves water.

5 Landscape Water Conservation Practical Use of Turf  Designing a landscape with the practical use of turf grass can lower your water use and maintenance efforts.  1/3 of the property is recommended

6 Landscape Water Conservation Soil Analysis and Preparation  To increase plant health and conserve water, incorporate at least 3 inches of compost to the soil of shrub and flower bed areas.  This increases the soil’s ability to absorb and store water in a form available to the plant.

7 Landscape Water Conservation Efficient Irrigation  Irrigation system are for providing supplemental irrigation in the absence of rainfall.  Drip irrigation offers increased watering efficiency and plant performance when compared to sprinkler irrigation.  Replace your sprinkler head in your flower beds with drip irrigation to save water and more effectively irrigate.

8 Landscape Water Conservation Mulch conserves moisture  Use a layer of organic mulch to cover the soil surface around plants.  Significantly reduces moisture evaporation from the soil  Mulch also:  Reduces weed populations  Prevents soil compaction  Moderates soil temperatures  Source of plant nutrients

9 Landscape Water Conservation Proper Watering Techniques  Most of the water applied to lawns and gardens is never absorbed by the plants and put to use.  Some water is lost to runoff by being applied too rapidly, and some water evaporates from exposed, unmulched soil  The greatest waste of water is applying too much too often.

10 Lawn Water Conservation Grass Selection:  Lawns require more frequent watering and maintenance than most other landscape plants.  Carefully select grass according to its intended use, planting location and maintenance requirements.  Planting the lowest water use turfgrass adapted to the region is an effective way to reduce landscape irrigation requirements.  Reduce the size of water-sensitive lawns through the use of patios, decks, shrub beds and groundcovers.

11 Lawn Water Conservation Proper Watering Techniques  Most lawns receive twice as much water as they require for a healthy appearance.  The key to watering lawns is to apply the water deeply and infrequently, creating a deep, well-rooted lawn that efficiently uses water stored in the soil.  To know when to water the lawn, simply observe the grass:  Wilting and discoloration are signs of water stress  Water only when needed and watering thoroughly produces a deep-rooted lawn which is more water efficient and drought enduring.

12 Lawn Water Conservation Efficient Irrigation  An irrigation system provides supplemental water in the absence of rainfall.  The most water is saved by reducing the frequency of lawn irrigation  Lawns can use both sprinkler and drip irrigation systems

13 Lawn Water Conservation Utilize a properly designed irrigation system  Perform an irrigation audit annually to save water  Perform an irrigation checkup monthly to prevent the waste of water  Adjusted sprinkler heads to avoid watering sidewalks and driveways  Adjusted sprinkler heads to spray large droplets of water instead of a fine mist  Water in the early morning to avoid excessive waste through evaporation  Use multiple stream rotor heads to save up to 30% on your water use

14 Water Conservation for Trees and Shrubs  Water established trees, shrubs and groundcovers deeply and infrequently.  In the absence of rain, most trees and shrubs benefit from a once-a-month thorough watering during the growing season.  Apply water just inside and a little beyond the drip line, not at the trunk. Use a slowly running hose on the ground and move it around the drip line as each area becomes saturated to a depth of 6 to 10 inches.

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