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Writing Process. Critically thinking about writing How do you write? Where do you write the most? What do you like to write?

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Presentation on theme: "Writing Process. Critically thinking about writing How do you write? Where do you write the most? What do you like to write?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Writing Process

2 Critically thinking about writing How do you write? Where do you write the most? What do you like to write?

3 What Steps are involved in the Writing Process? Any ideas?

4 The Writing Process First Step: Prewriting Second Step: Drafting Third Step: Revising If you expect to write an effective essay, you must complete all of these steps!

5 Prewriting When you sit down to write... Does your mind turn blank? Do you have nothing to say? Here's how to avoid writer's block...

6 Prewriting The purpose of prewriting is to generate ideas without having the pressure of correct spelling, complete sentences, cohesive paragraphs, and an organized structure. In other words, relax!

7 Prewriting Prewriting is anything you do before you write a draft of your document. thinking, taking notes, talking to others, brainstorming, outlining, and gathering information (e.g., interviewing people, researching in the library, assessing data).

8 Brainstorming and Freewriting o Set a timer for five to ten minutes. Use your microwave, phone, or alarm clock. o Look at the topic, think, and write. o Don't stop writing, and don't edit or correct any spelling or grammar errors. o Keep your fingers typing or your pen moving. o Let your brain system dump.

9 o After you are done, go back and read your ideas. o Find the ideas that stick out or that you repeated. Usually the more important ideas are repeated in prewriting.

10 Brainstorming and Freewriting Brainstorming is writing any ideas or concepts that pop into your head about the topic. Don't worry about spelling or what anyone else thinks—this is writing for you. Freewriting is writing in sentences and paragraphs without worrying about spelling or grammar in order to generate ideas.

11 Maps and Clustering Rather than writing a list of concepts (brainstorming) or a free-flowing paragraph (freewriting) start with a central word. As related concepts pop in your head, indicate them as branches, arrows, bubbles, etc. You may have an “eureka!" moment

12 Maps & Clustering Lies? advertisers Communication Modern uses Rhetorical Writing politics diet pills? Professional History Greeks and Romans Middle Ages Victorians Modes Argument Advertisements

13 2009/05/mind-1.jpg&imgrefurl=

14 Yikes

15 Other Types of Prewriting Other techniques for prewriting: Outlining: this format is really helpful for those who like structures. I.Types of Writing A. Academic B. Professional II.Reasons for Writing A. Persuasion 1. Politics 2. Advertising

16 Other Types of Prewriting Listing: this method is much like a grocery list, so it allows you to get your ideas down without the structure of an outline. politics advertising persuasion communication academic professional history printing press

17 Other Types of Prewriting Weighing pros and cons or similarities and differences: When you are asked to compare two ideas, make a T-chart, create a title for each side, and list the main points side by side. Professional Academic Politics Essays/Papers Advertising Tests

18 The Next Stage in the Writing Process

19 Drafting Drafting occurs when you put your ideas into sentences and paragraphs. Here you concentrate upon explaining and supporting your ideas fully. Here you also begin to connect your ideas. Drafting is the stage most of you would begin your writing process in the past.

20 Drafting Regardless of how much thinking and planning you do, the process of putting your ideas in words changes them; often the very words you select evoke additional ideas. Don't pay attention to such things as spelling at this stage because you are simply getting your thoughts on the page.

21 Drafting This draft tends to be writer-centered: it is you telling yourself what you know and think about the topic. Basically, the only audience you are writing for is yourself. Another useful term is writer-based prose, which is writing that you (the writer) can understand, but other readers may not be able to understand perfectly.

22 The Final Stage in The Writing Process

23 Revising Just as prewriting was critical to formulating good ideas, revising is critical to creating effective essays.

24 Revising Work on shifting into reader-based prose.

25 Revising Here you think more deeply about your readers' needs and expectations. The document becomes reader-centered. – How much support will each idea need to convince your readers? – Which terms should be defined for these particular readers? – Is your organization effective? – Do readers need to know X before they can understand Y?

26 Revising After you have revised and proofread your essay for content and structural issues, then you need to work on grammatical mistakes. Here you want to make sure that you pay particular focus on your problem areas like commas, apostrophes, or pronouns.

27 Revising Lastly, proofread your essay for spelling errors. You may use spell check, but you should also proofread the essay yourself. Dew knot trust you're spellchecker. It does not know the difference between too and to or there and their.

28 Assignments You will be required to turn in your prewriting with all your writing assignments for this class.

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