# Chapter 1- The Nature of Science

## Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1- The Nature of Science"— Presentation transcript:

Chapter 1- The Nature of Science
For the first page in your notebook, illustrate what you think science is!

How do we “do” science? Scientific Method State the problem
Gather information Form a hypothesis/state the research question Variables: dependent, independent Constants and controls Test the hypothesis Analyze data Draw conclusions Bias-occurs when what the scientist expects changes how the results are viewed. Complete the flip chart on scientific method in your notebook!

Law vs. Theory –a theory can be used to explain a law!
Explanation of things or events based on knowledge gained from many observations and investigations. NOT a guess! CAN be modified! Examples: Big Bang A statement about what happens in nature that seems to be true all the time. They do NOT explain why. Examples: gravity

Measure up! Precision Accuracy How closely measurements are to each other and how carefully measurement are made. Compares a measurement to the real or accepted values. Draw in notebook

Measurement-SI Units Based on multiples of 10
Standard is the kilogram kept in France! Meter is base unit of length Second is base unit for time Kelvin is base unit for temperature

A gram is about the size of a (apple, dime, pineapple)? A meter is about the height of a (door, counter, seat)? Water freezes at _____C and boils at _________C. The height of a tall man is about 200 ____. Normal body temperature is ____C The thickness of a dime is about ________mm 1.Dime 2.Counter 3.0, 100 4. Cm 5. 37 6. 1 mm

Metric Prefixes Copy Mega to nano in your notebook

Converting Metric to Metric

Video Conversion between metric units | Metric system unit conversion | Khan Academy

Dimensional Analysis A conversion factor is a ratio that is equal to one and is used to change one unit to another . worksheets

Convert from English units to metric Turn in both the English recipe and metric version!

Volume Mass Volume-the amount of space occupied by an object
V=l x w x h 1mL = 1 cm(cubed) Create a density column in your notebook! Mass- is a measurement of the quantity of matter in an object. Density- is the mass per unit volume of a material Measured in a derived unit: g/cm(cubed) Density column-why important in real world colored water, dawn, iso alcohol, veggie oil Density lab from interactive notebook Flip chart in notebook with equations

Temperature Celsius The SI unit for temperature is Kelvin (K)
0, 100 Body temp is 37 Fahrenheit 32, 212 Body temp is 98.6 The SI unit for temperature is Kelvin (K) 0 is coldest possible temp also known as Absolute Zero. (-273 C!!) Water boils at 373 K Complete conversion worksheets

Graphs A graph is a visual display of information or data
Line graph-can show any relationship where the dependent variable changes due to a change in independent variable. Bar graph-comparing information Circle graph-shows how some fixed quantity is broken down into parts.