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Providing Options for Philippine Agriculture BiotechnologyBiotechnology (Revised: June 2003)

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Presentation on theme: "Providing Options for Philippine Agriculture BiotechnologyBiotechnology (Revised: June 2003)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Providing Options for Philippine Agriculture BiotechnologyBiotechnology (Revised: June 2003)

2 WORLD from 6.05 billion to about 7.5 billion WORLD from 6.05 billion to about 7.5 billion PHILIPPINES from 82 million to 122 million PHILIPPINES from 82 million to 122 million Sources: ADB, POPCOM

3 world cereal production should increase by 50% To feed this population... Philippine rice production should increase from 12 to 18 M tons (40%)

4 deforestation overgrazing land conversion Agricultural resources are limited by... Source: FAO

5 we need better and more efficient ways to produce food With increasing demand for food and limiting resources... one option is through Biotechnology

6 Bio Bio - life Technology Technology - any technique or procedure to develop new products

7 Biotechnology - any technique that uses whole or part of a living thing to make new products, improve or develop plants, animals and other organisms for specific use

8 GE of animals GE to develop animal vaccines GE of biocontrol agents against plant pest & diseases Plant protoplast fusion Embryo transfer GE of plants GE to improve microorganisms Recombinant DNA for disease diagnostics Monoclonal anti body production Plant tissue culture Fermentation, Biofertilizers

9 Insulin for diabetes Interferon for treating cancer Hepatitis B vaccine

10 Using living organisms to clean the environment


12 Improved food quality and food processing Food biotechnology Better tasting More nutritious Cleaner food

13 Animal biotechnology Better breeds of livestock and poultry leaner meat more milk Vaccines

14 Crops biotechnology Varieties resistant to pests and diseases High yielding crops Improved postharvest qualities Tissue cultured planting materials Diagnostic kits

15 Genetic engineering Technique that transfers gene(s) of interest to develop and improve plants, animals and other organisms

16 - basic physical and functional units of heredity which carries information for the expression of a particular trait Gene

17 Conventional Breeding Wild RelativeCrop Plant Genetic Engineering Wild Relative Crop Plant

18 limited to exchanges between the same or very closely related species little or no guarantee of obtaining any particular gene combination from the millions of crosses generated undesirable genes can be transferred along with desirable genes take a long time to achieve desired results Conventional Breeding Genetic Engineering allows the direct transfer of one or just a few genes, between either closely or distantly related organisms crop improvement can be achieved in a shorter time compared to conventional breeding

19 Products developed through genetic engineering Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) = Transgenics

20 Global area by country 2001 & 2002 (millions of hectares) Country2001%2002%+/-% USA35.76839.066+3.3+9 Argentina11.82213.523+1.7+14 Canada3.263.56+0.3+9 China1.532.14+0.6+40 South Africa0.2 <10.31+0.1+50 Australia0.2 <10.1<1-0.1-- India-- <0.1<1<0.1-- Romania<0.1 <1<0.1<1<0.1-- Spain<0.1 <1<0.1<1<0.1-- Uruguay<0.1 <1<0.1<1<0.1-- Mexico<0.1 <1<0.1<1<0.1-- Bulgaria<0.1 <1<0.1<1<0.1-- Indonesia<0.1 <1<0.1<1<0.1-- Colombia-- <0.1<1<0.1-- Honduras-- <0.1<1-- Germany<0.1 <1<0.1 <1<0.1-- Total52.610058.7100+6.1+12% Source: Clive James, 2002

21 Global area by year 1996-2002 Increase of 12%, 6.1 million hectares or 15 million acres between 2001 and 2002. Source: Clive James, 2002

22 Global area by crop 2001 and 2002: (million hectares) 2001%2002%+/-% Soybean33.3 6336.5 62+3.2+10 Maize 9.8 1912.4 21+2.6+27 Cotton 6.8 13 6.8 12 0.0- Canola 2.7 5 3.0 5+0.3 +11 Squash<0.1 <1<0.1 <1(- -)- Papaya<0.1 <1<0.1 <1(- -)- Total52.610058.7100+6.1+12 Source: Clive James, 2002

23 2001 and 2002: (million hectares) Source: Clive James, 2002 58.752.6Total 16.013.5 Developing Countries 42.7 39.1 Industrial Countries 20022001 Global area (Industrial vs. Developing)

24 Regulation of GM crops National Committee on Biosafety of the Philippines (NCBP) Created by E.O. 430 in 1990 to review and monitor R&D involving GMOs for laboratory and contained evaluation of possible effects on the environment Department of Agriculture Issued A. O. No. 8 “Rules and Regulations for the Importation and Release into the Environment of Plant and Plant Products Derived from the Use of Modern Biotechnology”mandating: Bureau of Plant Industry to evaluate and monitor field tests of GM crops; process applications for limited field tests, propagation, delisting or for importation of GM crops Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority to evaluate and register GM crops pesticidal properties Bureau of Animal Industry to evaluate feed safety Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Product Standards to evaluate food safety DENR and DOH are also involved in biosafety and food safety assessments

25 Commercialization Corn resistant to Asiatic corn borer Field Test Rice resistant to bacterial blight Corn resistant to Asiatic corn borer

26 Greenhouse Papaya with delayed ripening trait Papaya resistant to ringspot virus Laboratory Mango with delayed ripening trait Rice resistant to tungro virus Vitamin A-enriched rice Banana resistant to bunchy top disease Coconut with higher amount of MCTs Sweet potato resistant to feathery mottle virus

27 Hence, biotechnology is a viable option Judicious and safe applications of biotechnology in agriculture and natural resources could increase farmer’s income, provide better and safer products to consumers and lessen dependence on chemicals destructive to the environment...

28 This biotech mentor’s kit is a collaborative project of DOST – PCARRD ISAAA SEARCA-BIC Biotechnology Providing Options for Philippine Agriculture Revised: June 2003

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