7 Poetry: an elevated form of composition Elements:FormSoundImageryFigurative LanguageTheme
8 Poetry Elements -> Form The physical structure, style, or pattern of the poem.Number of linesRhymesRepetition
9 Types of Poetry Narrative Poetry – Poems that tell stories Ballads – A poem(song) that tells a story typically about a major event.Epic – A long, elevated poem about a hero and his adventures; title is underlined.The Iliad and The OdysseyLyric – Poems that express the poet’s emotion or thought about one person, place, thing, or event; usually structured.Free Verse – Poems that have no set rhythm, rhyme, or structure.
10 Poetry Elements -> Sound Poets often express their poems using sounds in order to enhance the meaning, mood, or images present. Some examples of sounds are:Repetition – Repeated use of sounds used to appeal to emotions.Alliteration – Repetition of beginning consonant sounds.Assonance – Repetition of vowel sounds.Consonance – Repetition of consonant sounds.Onomatopoeia – The use of words that create the sounds they describe.
11 Poetry Elements -> Imagery Imagery is used in poetry to illicit a response from the senses of the reader.Does not have to be visual.Can be literal. Example: I see a tall tree.Can be figurative. Example: The tree was like a child in a crowd of adults.
12 Poetry Elements -> Figurative Language Used to enhance the meaning or experience of the poem.Metaphor – comparing two things without using words like “like” or “as”Simile – comparing two things using “like” or “as”Personification – human qualities on non-human objectsIrony – The opposite of what is expectedHyperbole – gross exaggeration
13 Poetry Elements -> Theme Theme – the central idea that the poem is expressing.It is continuously developed throughout the poem.Example: Death may be unavoidable.
14 Understanding and Evaluating Poetry Speaker – who is the speaker? What is their bias?Occasion – What prompted the author to write?Setting – Where is the poem taking place? What is the time and place?Purpose – What is the reason behind the text?Diction – What is the word choice? Dialect of the speaker?Imagery – What senses are evoked? How?Figurative Language – What figurative language is used and how does it enhance the poem?
15 Understanding and Evaluating Poetry cont. Symbols – What symbols are used and what do they really mean?Allusions – What literary, historical, or mythic person, place, or event is being referenced? Example: Troy or HerculesTone – How does the author feel about the subject discussed in the poem?Meter/Scansion – What is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables?
16 SOAPSToneUse this pneumonic device to help you remember how to evaluate poetry: Speaker Occasion Attitude Purpose Subject Tone
17 Pair PracticeAnalyze the poem on the follow slide using the SOAPSTone method.Write it down in your notebooks and discuss your analysis with your partner.Label each piece of analysis with its corresponding poetry element.
20 Now you try…Take a worksheet and re-read the prologue for Romeo and Juliet.Complete each section of the worksheet.Create your own Prologue for a story of your choice.When finished, start writing your own sonnet for a story you have read. This will be homework.
21 Closure 3, 2, 1 Write three things you learned about poetry today. Write two examples of poems that you have read. Label the type of poetry used.Write one question you still have concerning poetry.