TB spreads through the air, but only people who are sick with TB in their lungs (pulmonary TB) are infectious. Mongolia
One-third of the world's population is currently infected with TB germs (bacilli).. …but only 5-10% of people infected will become sick with the disease. Mongolia
The immune system "walls off" TB bacilli which, protected by a thick waxy coat, can lie dormant in the body for years. Philippines
People with HIV/AIDS are much more likely to develop TB after infection due to their weakened immune systems. TB is a leading cause of death among people who are HIV-positive.
Left untreated, each person with active TB disease will infect on average between 10 and 15 people every year. Mongolia
95% of TB deaths are in the developing world. The largest number of new TB cases in 2010 occurred in Asia, which accounted for 59% of new cases globally. 4 of the 22 TB high-burden countries are in the Western Pacific Region (Cambodia, China, Philippines, Viet Nam). An estimated 1.4 million people died from TB in 2010, including 320,000 deaths among women and 350,000 people with HIV. This is equal to 3,800 deaths a day. Philippines
Until 70 years ago, there were no medicines to cure TB. No new anti-TB drugs have been developed in nearly 50 years. Drug-resistant TB is man-made, caused when patients do not take all their medicines regularly. Drugs to treat resistant TB are more expensive than standard TB drugs and can cause more severe side-effects (though these are manageable). Strains that are resistant to at least one drug have been documented in every country surveyed. Philippines
The absolute number of new TB cases has been falling slowly since 2006 (from 9.4 million in 2009 to 8.8 million in 2010). 46% of HIV-positive TB patients were enrolled on antiretrovirals and 77% started on co-trimoxazole preventive treatment in 2010. Philippines Fiji
Since 1995, 46 million people have been successfully treated and up to 6.8 million lives saved through DOTS and the Stop TB Strategy. Mongolia
Viet Nam Research and development: There are “point-of-care” tests in the pipeline, 10 TB drugs in trials, and 10 vaccine candidates for the prevention of TB in Phase I or Phase II trials. A new, revolutionary diagnostic tool (Xpert MTB/RIF) has been developed and is being used in 47 countries. Viet Nam Lao PDR
The world as a whole is on track to achieving the MDG target of reversing the incidence of TB.
Cambodia Hand-in-hand we can fight for a World Free of TB.