2 Background 1775 War of Revolution begins July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence1777- Articles of Confederation1787- Philadelphia Convention1789- New government begins working1791- Bill of Rights ratified2013- Constitution holding strong!!!
3 TermsSeparation of powers means that power is divided among the three branches of governmentChecks & balances allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other two.The president may use the power of veto (to reject) to block a bill passed by Congress from becoming a law.The House of Representatives has the power to impeach (to accuse of a wrongdoing) the president and other officials for bribery, treason, or other high crimes and misdemeanorsCongress is a bicameral (two-house) legislature.
4 TermsUnder federalism power is divided between the state and federal governments.Delegated powers are the powers given to Congress by Article I of the U.S. Constitution.Concurrent powers are powers shared by federal and state governments.Reserved powers are the powers given neither to Congress nor denied to the states.The Bill of Rights was the first ten amendments (changes or additions) to the U.S. Constitution.
5 The U.S. Constitution Preamble- lists the goals of the Constitution Article I- describes the powers of the legislative branchArticle II- describes the powers of the executive branchArticle III- describes the powers of the judicial branchArticle IV- requires states to respect each other’s lawsArticle V- includes instructions for making amendments to the ConstitutionArticle VI- makes the Constitution the “Supreme Law of the Land”Article VII- establishes the procedure for ratification of the Constitution39 delegates of the Philadelphia Convention signed the Constitution on September 17, 1787.The new government was born in June of 1788 when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the Constitution.The new government began working in 1789.
6 What was our nation’s first plan of government? …Second? 1st- The Articles of Confederation2nd- The Constitution
7 Who is the “Father of the Constitution? James Madisonaka “Big Daddy Maddy”
8 What did the Great Compromise establish? A bicameral (two-house) legislatureHouse of Representativesrepresentation based on populationSenatetwo representatives (Senators) from each state
9 What did the delegates agree to on the question of the slave trade? the national government could not interfere with it until 1808.-(Historic note- Congress passed a law prohibiting the slave trade in 1808.)
10 What did the Federalists want? …the Anti-Federalists? Federalists wanted a strong central government.Anti-Federalists wanted a limited central government, they demanded a Bill of Rights.
11 What was required for the Constitution to go into effect? It had to be approved by at least nine state conventions.
12 List at least four reasons for revising the Articles of Confederation Congress could not taxCongress had no power to enforce lawsCongress could not settle disputes between statesThere were no national armed forces
13 What was James Madison’s plan for government? His “Virginia Plan” created a federal republic with a strong central government.
14 List the goals set forth in the Preamble form a more perfect unionestablish justiceinsure domestic tranquilityprovide for the common defensepromote the general welfaresecure the blessings of liberty