Presentation on theme: "European Union Environmental Law and Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1 European Union Environmental Law and Policy The Constitutive and Amending TreatiesObjectives; Principles; Legal Basis
2 EU Environmental Law and Policy 1957 European Economic Community TreatyLegal basisArticle 235Article 100
3 EU Environmental Law and Policy Case C-240/83 Procureur de la République v Association de Défense de Bruleurs de Huiles UsagéesEssential objectiveCase C-302/86 Commission v DenmarkProtection of the environmentMandatory requirementProportionality
4 EU Environmental Law and Policy 1986 Single European Act – amending the EEC TreatyEnvironment Title VII, Articles 130r, 130s, 130t EECApproximation of laws, Article 100a(3) (4)EECHigh level of environmental protection1992 Treaty on European Union – amendingThe European Community TreatyArticle 3(k) EC - Policy in sphere of environmentEnvironment Title XVI, Arts. 174, 175, 176 ECQmv and codecision – general ruleApproximation of laws, Article 95 EC
5 EU Environmental Law and Policy 1997 Treaty of AmsterdamArticle 2 EC Sustainable DevelopmentArticle 3(1)(l) EC policy in sphere of environmentNew Article 6 EC [Now Article 11 TFEU] ‘environmental protection requirements must be integrated into the definition and implementation of other Community policies and activities… , with a view to promoting sustainable development’Articles 174, 175 and 176EC
6 EU Environmental Law and Policy 2007 Treaty of LisbonNow Environment Title XXArticles 191, 192 and 193 TFEUObjectives, principles and proceduresArticle 191(1) TFEU Objectives:1. To preserve, protect and improve environmental quality,2. To protect human health,
7 EU Environmental Law and Policy 3. Prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources, 4. Promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems, and in particular climate change (Lisbon).
8 EU Environmental Law and Policy Article 191(2) TFEUPrinciples:Precautionary principle,Preventive action,Rectification of environmental damage at source,Polluter pays
9 EU Environmental Law and Policy Legal basis:Article 192(1) TFEU Ordinary legislative procedureArticle 192(2) Special legislative procedure – unanimity:Provisions primarily of a fiscal nature:Measures affecting:- town and country planning
10 EU Environmental Law and Policy - quantitative management of water resources or affecting, directly or indirectly, the availability of those resources, - land use, with the exception of waste management; (c) Measures significantly affecting a Member State’s choice between different energy sources and the general structure of its energy supply. (Provision to make the ordinary legislative procedure apply without Treaty amendment).
11 EU Environmental Law and Policy Article 192(3) TFEU Environmental Action Programmes – ordinary legislative procedure.Article 192(4) TFEU Member States finance and implement environment policy – general rule.Article 192(5) TFEU disproportionate costs for public authorities – temporary derogations/ financial support from Cohesion Fund.Article 193 TFEU Member States may maintain or introduce more stringent protective measures.
12 EU Environmental Law and Policy Article 114 TFEU:Approximation of laws for the attainment of the internal marketSubsidiarityArticle 5 TFEUSubstitution and Producer Responsibility Principles
13 EU Environmental Law and Policy 2000 and 2007 Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union - Article 372001 Treaty of Nice and Declaration2002 Sixth Environment Action Programme ‘Our Future: Our Choice’
14 2007 Treaty of Lisbon Article 3 TEU Objectives New Article 4(2)(e) Shared competenceNew Article 13 TFEU Animal WelfareAnimals - sentient beings – Treaty basisArticle 191(2) – New - Climate changeNew Title XXI EnergyArticle 194 TFEU
15 2007 Treaty of LisbonArticle 194(1) TFEU In the context of the establishment and functioning of the internal market and with regard to the need to preserve and improve the environment, Union policy on energy shall aim, in a spirit of solidarity between Member States, to:Ensure the functioning of the energy market;Ensure security of energy supply in the Union;
16 2007 Treaty of Lisbon(c) Promote energy efficiency and energy saving and the development of new and renewable forms of energy; and(d) Promote the interconnection of energy networks.(2) Without prejudice to Art. 192(2)(c)Ordinary legislative procedure(3) special legislative procedure and unanimity – measures primarily of a fiscal nature.