A particularly strong current that is part of the North Atlantic gyre, carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico up the coast of the eastern United States and over to western Europe.
The warmer water warms the air, raising the temperature.
This especially powerful current is 149 miles (240 kilometers) wide and almost 1 mile (1.6) kilometers deep and can move up to 26 billion gallons of water a second. That's more than the flow of the Amazon River! The current has caused so many shipwrecks around Cape Hatteras, a piece of land that juts out sharply from the east coast of North Carolina, that the area is called the graveyard of the Atlantic.
Deeper currents travel much slower than surface currents. Surface currents ~2meters per second Deep currents ~10 cm per second
Physical features in the ocean redirect currents. Currents flow to the deepest part of the ocean.
Currents redistribute heat from low latitudes (equator) to high latitudes(poles). Currents influence the ocean temperature, weather, and climate. Currents transport nutrients around the ocean.