Presentation on theme: "Climate Change Assess current knowledge on climate change."— Presentation transcript:
1 Climate ChangeAssess current knowledge on climate change.
2 What is Climate? The long-term average of a region’s weather: Average rainfallAverage hours of sunshineAverage temperatureQ. Is there a difference between Climate and Weather?Weather describes whatever is happening outdoors in a given place at a given time.Climate describes the total of all weather occurring over a period of years in a given place.Climate tells us what it's usually like in the place where you live at a certain time of year.Ask what is climate, after explaining in better detail assess if learners know the difference between climate and weather, then explain how weather is current and climate is over time etc.
3 Climate ChangeClimate change represents a change in these long-term weather patterns;Average temperatures can increase or decreaseRainfall can increase or decrease, as can hours of sunshineClimate change has occurred naturally over millions and millions of years.When scientists talk about the issue of climate change, their concern is about global warming caused by human activities.
4 Q. What do you think is meant by the ‘Greenhouse effect’? Global WarmingTo understand human-induced climate change it is helpful to look first at the ‘greenhouse effect’.Q. What do you think is meant by the ‘Greenhouse effect’?For Q. What do you think happens in a greenhouse? How does a greenhouse work? Ask a variety of questions to provoke answers.
5 The greenhouse effect Greenhouses work by trapping heat from the sun The glass panels of the greenhouse let in light but keep heat from escapingThis causes the greenhouse to heat up, much like the inside of a car parked in sunlight, and keeps the plants warm enough to live in the winter
6 0n Earth, the atmospheric gases allow sunshine to pass through but absorb heat that is radiated (bounced) back from the warmed surface of the Earth
7 The Greenhouse Effect The gases in the atmosphere act like a blanket around ourplanet which traps in heat,making the temperature riseThis is called the GreenhouseEffect and is a naturalprocess that keeps the planetwarm and sustains lifeIf the greenhouse effectdidn’t exist, the averagetemperature on earth wouldbe around -18ºCsolcomhouse.com
8 Q. What are the gasses we associate with global warming? The Greenhouse EffectQ. What are the gasses we associate with global warming?carbon dioxide (CO2)methane (CH4)sulphur dioxide (SO2 )ozone (O3)water vapour (H20)nitrogen dioxide (NO2)These gases behave like the glass panes in a greenhouse, trapping heat in.You could ask further questions about the gasses associated with global warming.
10 The Greenhouse Effect Incoming shortwave radiation from the sun Sunlight (short wave solar radiation) enters the earth’s atmosphere.Most of this solar radiation is absorbed by the earth’s surface (land and sea) and warms it.Some of it is reflected by the earth back into the atmosphere.Outgoing longwave (infrared) radiation from the earthIn return the earth admits long wave energy back into the atmosphere.Because it is longwave energy (not shortwave like the energy carried by the rays from the sun), some of it gets trapped by the greenhouse gases.This causes the earth to be warmer than it would without the greenhouse gases.The thicker the blanket of greenhouse gases, the more the outgoingenergy gets trapped and the greater the warming effect.Make sure learners understand the difference between longwave and shortwave. As the longwave cannot penetrate through the earths atmosphere like the shortwave produced by the sun.
11 What does this mean for the Earth? A warmer earth is causing glaciers and ice sheets to melt. It is also leading to rising sea levelsThe summer ice in the arctic is predicted to disappear completely between and 2040; a state not seen on earth for more than a million yearsThe eleven years rank amongst the twelve warmest years since records of global surface temperature began in 1850
12 If the greenhouse effect becomes stronger, it could make the Earth warmer than usual. Even a little extra warming may cause problems for humans, plants, and animals.freakyweather.com
13 Sea levels around the world could rise. As the Earth heats upSea levels around the world could rise.Cities on coasts would be liable to flooding.lilithnews.comsinostand.com
14 As the Earth heats up Temperate places that now receive frequent rain and snowfall might become hotter anddrier, leading to more drought.serc.carleton.edu
15 As the Earth heats up Frequent periods of drought would make it hard to raise crops for food, leading to famine.photoshelter.comjamblichus.wordpress.com
16 As the Earth heats up Forest fires could occur more often. blogs.canoe.ca
17 As the Earth heats upPlants and animals unable to take the heat may go extinct, and be replaced by heat tolerant species.neutralexistence.comsaddleridgeva.com
18 As the Earth heats upHurricanes, tornadoes and other storms caused by changes in heat and water evaporation might occur more frequently and be more intense.ownthedollar.compantherfile.uwm.edu
19 The effects of Climate Change In the UK, we expect that because of climate change:Temperatures will increaseWinter rainfall will get heavier, increasingthe risk of floodingkirklees.gov.uk
20 The effects of Climate Change Summer rainfall in the UK may reduce considerably,creating pressure on water resources.Sea levels will rise due to melting ice caps, leadingto further coastal erosion and flood risk.kirklees.gov.uk
21 How your school can help prevent Climate Change Calculate your footprintAWF can help your school calculate it’s carbon footprint – follow the link below for more detailsFundraiseBy using the images provided, see if learners can guess what ways your school can help prevent climate change. Test their knowledge on how each bullet point can be established. Teachers could get learners to come up with fundraising ideas.Download a free fundraising pack from AWF by following the link belowGo carbon neutralGo carbon neutral by protecting forests globally – follow the link for more details
22 Climate Change and the AWF The aim of AWF project is to plant trees through forestry projects around the world that work alongside local communities to provide social, ecological and conservational benefits.