Presentation on theme: "A GUIDE TO VERBS. A verb is a word which expresses action or a state of being. Action verbs show action like physical activity and movement. State."— Presentation transcript:
A verb is a word which expresses action or a state of being. Action verbs show action like physical activity and movement. State of being means that instead of an action, the verb can show a condition of how something is existing in the world. It communicates how we are, how we’re feeling, and how things are behaving around us. Example: ◦ Billy ran home. ◦ I believe in heroes.
Describes a verb Typically ends in –ly Tells when, where, why, or how Example: Pam quickly ran around the house.
An action took place at some previous time Ends in –ed Example: Jeff filled the glasses.
An action takes place now at the same time that it is being described Examples: ◦ I leave for Costa Rica tomorrow. ◦ The child fills her glass with milk.
Shows the action will take place at some time to come Has will before verb Example: Jenny will fill her garden with flowers.
When a verb cannot work alone, it needs a helper. Helping verb + main verb = verb phrase Common helping verbs: am, is, are, was, were, will, would, has, can, could, have, had, may, might Example: ◦ Sydney has drawn a picture. ◦ Louis did not take out the trash. (not=adverb)
A linking verb joins the subject to a noun or adjective in the predicate of a sentence. Linking verbs: am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been, become, seem Example: Jan was the captain of our team.
Verbs that must be spelled differently instead of using their general spelling to show past, present, and future tense in a sentence Example: to drink ◦ I drink coffee every day. ◦ I drank six cups of coffee. ◦ I have drunk 27 cups of coffee this weekend.
Describes an event in the past in relation to another event in the past. Uses had and past participle form of main verb Example: She had jogged for ten minutes before she became hot.
An event that has already been completed at the time of speaking or writing Uses have or has with the past participle of main verb Example: ◦ Mike has visited Jeff for years. ◦ They have already seen that show.
An action will happen after something else in the future. Uses will or shall with have and the past participle of the main verb. Example: ◦ He will have gone by that time. ◦ I shall have finished the project by Tuesday.