›Influenced by person’s biology, social environment, and age or stage of development ›The more risk factors you have, the greater the chance that taking drugs/alcohol can lead to addiction Why Do Some People Become Addicted and Others Don’t?
›Prevalence of Drinking: In 2012, 87.6% of people ages 18 and older reported that they drank alcohol at some point in their lifetime ›In 2012 approximately 17 million adults ages 18 and older (7.2% of this age group) had an Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) ›In 2012 an estimated 855,000 adolescents ages 12-17 (3.4% of this age group) had an AUD ›Nearly 88,000 people die from alcohol related causes annually, making it the third leading preventable cause of death in the US. Alcohol
›Brain –Interferes with the brain’s communication pathways. Affects the way the brain looks and works ›Heart –Cardiomyopathy-weakening of the heart muscle –Irregular heart beats –Stroke –High blood pressure Alcohol Effects on the Body
›Liver –Fatty liver, fibrosis, cirrhosis –Alcohol hepatitis ›Pancreas –Causes the pancreas to produce toxic substances that can lead to pancreatitis (dangerous inflammation of the pancreas) ›Cancer –Increased risk in certain cancers. Mouth, esophagus, throat, liver, breast ›Immune System –It can weaken your immune system. Making your body an easier target for disease Alcohol Effects on the Body (cont)
›Three classes of prescriptive drugs that are often abused : –Opioids ›Used to relieve pain—narcotics (Vicodin, codeine, OxyContin, OxyCodone) –Central nervous system depressants—Benzodiazepines ›Used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders (Aprazolam (Xanax) clonazepam (Klonopin) or diazepam (Valium) –Stimulants ›Used to treat ADD, ADHD, Depression, Narcolepsy (Methlyphenidate (Concerta, Ritalin, Daytrana), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, ProCentra) or combo Adderall Prescriptive Medication Abuse
›Unsure exactly why…the thought is the availability is there –More doctors are willing to write prescriptions –Availability on the internet is endless –Not uncommon for teens to steal from parents Why is Prescription Drug Abuse on the Rise?
›Taking larger doses than your doctor prescribed ›Taking it more frequently ›Taking if for reasons other than prescribed ›Frequent refills How Do I Know if I’m Abusing Prescription Drugs?
›Methamphetamine (Crystal meth) ›Marijuana (now legal in many states) ›Heroin ›Cocaine Illicit Drug Use
›In 2012, an estimated 23.9 million Americans aged 12 or older—or 9.2% of the population—had used an illicit drug or abused a psychotherapeutic medication (such as a pain reliever, stimulant, or tranquilizer) in the past month. ›This is up from 8.3% in 2002 Illicit Drug Use in American Has Been Increasing
If any of this information concerns you, you might need professional help Help is available
›Counseling ›Rehabilitation centers ›Alternative non-addictive pain medications ›Employee assistance program (EAP)- available though the district under employee benefits, fringe benefits. Treatment Options
Percentage of Admissions**Age Group 14.825-29 14.420-24 12.640-44 11.735-39 11.545-49 11.330-34 10.450-59 7.512-17 4.118-19 1.260-64 0.665 or older Percentage of Admissions** Substance or Drug 23.1Alcohol only 18.3Alcohol + another drug 17.0Marijuana 14.1Heroin 8.1Smoked cocaine (crack) 6.5Stimulants*** 5.9Opiates (not heroin) **** 3.2Nonsmoked cocaine (e.g., cocaine powder) 0.6Tranquilizers 0.2PCP 0.2Sedatives 0.1Hallucinogens 0.1Inhalants 0.4Other drugs 2.2None reported Rehabilitation Admissions Statistics 2008
If you think you or someone you love has a problem with addition… contact your doctor or a clinic near you