Presentation on theme: "Green & Sustainable Chemistry"— Presentation transcript:
1Green & Sustainable Chemistry DIPARTIMENTOSCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALIGreen & Sustainable ChemistryLuigi AmbrosioDepartment of Chemical Science and Materials TechnologyNational Research Council of ItalyPiazzale A. Moro, Roma
2SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI DIPARTIMENTOSCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALINetworkMETODOLOGIE CHIMICHEROMASTUDIO DELLE MACROMOLECOLEMLANO, MMilano, Genova, Biellae BiSTUDIO DEI MATERIALI NANOSTRUTTURATiROMA, Palermo, BolognaSINTESI ORGANICA E LA FOTOREATTIVITA'BOLOGNA e FerraraSCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE MOLECOLARIMILANO, Padova e PerugiaTECNOLOGIA DELLE MEMBRANECOSENZA e PadovaMATERIALI COMPOSITI E BIOMEDICINAPOLI e PisaCRISTALLOGRAFIABARI e RomaBIOSTRUTTURE E BIOIMMAGININAPOLI e CataniaCHIMICA INORGANICA E DELLE SUPERFICIPADOVACHIMICA E TECNOLOGIA DEI POLIMERICHIMICA DEL RICONOSCIMENTO MOLECOLAREMILANO e RomaCHIMICA DEI COMPOSTI ORGANO-METALLICIFIRENZE, Bari e PisaCHIMICA BIOMOLECOLARENAPOLI, Sassari, Catania, Roma e PadovaSCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI CERAMICIFAENZA
3SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI DIPARTIMENTOSCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI- Biopharmaceutical properties- Drug deliveryDrug discoveryBiomaterials & TissueEngineeringBiosensorsComputational modeling- New catalysts- Enzymatic reactionsHydrogen generationand storageRenewable energy sourcesProcesses with lowenvironmental risk- Nanostructures, nanomaterials- Photonics, optoelectronicsPolymer compositesMaterials technologiesSurface technologiesComputational modellingSensorsHealthSustainabilityConverging TechnologiesMolecular Design for Social and Economic NeedsPharmaceuticalsFoodSecurityTransportIndustrial ProcessesNext Manufacturing3
4SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI DIPARTIMENTOSCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALIPROJECTS/PLATFORMS1. New molecules with specific biochemical properties2. Polymer systems for functional and structural properties3. Novel products and processes for sustainable chemistry4. Nano-structured systems with electronic properties5. Molecular based design and modification of coatings6. Enabling technologies for drug discovery7. Predictive modeling of functionalities4
5The project strategy SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY Energy Efficiency Design and development,of new syntheticprocessesImprove the existing(catalytic) processesProgetto PM-P03 “Innovative productsand processes forsustainablechemistry“SUSTAINABLECHEMISTRYEnergyEfficiencyand selectivityValorization ofrenewableresourcesSTRATEGICOBJECTIVESEnvironmentalissuesHydrogentechnologyAlternative fuelsSustainableproductionof energyReuse andRecycle of wastematerialsValorizationand abatementof pollutantsProcessoptimizationBiorefineryPhotovoltaicConversion ofrenewablefeedstock
6H2 Production H 2 Highlights Red bacteria HYDROLAB Solar energy FIRENZEProductionH2Red bacteriaSolar energyHighlightsOrganic acidsLactobacteriaH2Vegetal wastescompostH2 PHOTOBIOLOGICAL PRODUCTION FROM NON SULFUREUS RED BACTERIA FROM VEGETAL WASTES AND SOLAR ENERGY
7Project Ve.Li.Ca. – Bioraffinary from Linen e Kanapa BiolubricantsPolyolsω-3IBCIBBAGenotypeSelectionHydrolyzed proteinBiomassICRMOligomers and carbohydratesOilPressaturaISTMGlicerolISMACBiopolymersPackagingFibres
9Sustainability: Green Chemistry: "Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.“is the goalGreen Chemistry:Technologies that are energy efficient, minimise or preferably eliminate the formation of waste, avoid the use of toxic and/or hazardous solvents and reagents and, where possible, utilise renewable, raw, materials.is the mean
11Enhanced global warming Depletion of resources (not only fuels!) SOCIETAL CHALLANGESEnhanced global warmingDepletion of resources (not only fuels!)Food shortagesShortages of potable waterPopulation growth - agingWaste & pollutionFOOD +70% by 2050
12KEY ENANBLIG TECHNOLOGY In 2009, European Member States and the European Commission identified Key EnablingTechnologies (KETs) for their potential impact in strengthening Europe's industrial and innovation capacity.Six KETsnanotechnologymicro and nanoelectronicsadvanced materialsphotonicsindustrial biotechnologyadvanced manufacturing systems
13THE “VALLEY OF DEATH”Whilst European R&D is generally strong in new KET technologies, the HLG has observed that the transition from ideas arising from basic research to competitive KETs production is the weakest link in European KET enabled value chains.The gap between basic knowledge generation and the subsequent commercialization of this knowledge in marketable products, has been commonly identified across the KETs and is known in broad terms as the "valley of death" issue.This “Valley of Death” has been identified in many competitor countries, including the USA, China and Taiwan. All have established coordinated programmes in strategically important areas that cover the full innovation chain addressing basic and applied research, demonstrators, standardization measures, deployment and market access, all at the same time and, significantly, in a logical joined-up manner.
14AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO KETS FOR FUTURE COMPETITIVENESS: THREE PILLAR BRIDGE MODEL TO PASS ACROSS THE "VALLEY OF DEATH "The technological research pillar based on technological facilities supported by research technology organisation;The product development pillar based on pilot lines and demonstrator supported by industrial consortiaThe competitive manufacturing pillar based on globally competitive manufacturing facilities supported by anchor companies.
15Key Enabling Technologies….. ……..multidisciplinary and trans-sectorial, cutting across many technology areas with a trend towards convergence, technologyintegration and the potential to induce structural change
16INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY “the application of science and technology to living organisms, as well as parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living materials for the production of knowledge, goods and services.”Main biotechnology techniques :DNA/RNA.Proteins and other moleculesCell and tissue culture and engineering.Process biotechnology techniques.Gene and RNA vectorsBioinformaticsNanobiotechnology
18Synthetic biologyvery important step forward, since it allows designing chemicals that would not occur by natural pathways.to obtain “unnatural” products by modifying bacteria (i.e. Escherichia coli) or modifying yeasts opens a wide new field for the production of tailor made chemicals for very different purposes.Advanced research synthetic biology,- At present the genetic modification of bacteria allows to obtain for example tailor recombinant polymers (protein, polysaccharides ect.) or foreseen applications as elimination of toxic residues ect.18
19………still limitation in process sustainability - Sources Energy balance in different processing stepsEnvironmental impact in the processing steps (chemicals, etc)Economic balanceProduct stabilityInterfacesRegulationEthical IssueTo overcome the limitation of actual process sustainabilityKnowledge and new tools from Chemistry , Synthetic biology and Nanotechnology19
20SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI DIPARTIMENTOSCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI………Fully exploit the scope of relevant R&D definitions in its programmes which support the full and simultaneous implementation the innovation chain, from basic research, through technological research, product development and prototyping up to globally competitive manufacturing.
21THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION ! DIPARTIMENTOSCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALITHANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION !