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Green & Sustainable Chemistry DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI Luigi Ambrosio Department of Chemical Science and Materials Technology.

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Presentation on theme: "Green & Sustainable Chemistry DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI Luigi Ambrosio Department of Chemical Science and Materials Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Green & Sustainable Chemistry DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI Luigi Ambrosio Department of Chemical Science and Materials Technology National Research Council of Italy Piazzale A. Moro, Roma

2 Network DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI METODOLOGIE CHIMICHE ROMA STUDIO DELLE MACROMOLECOLE MLANO, MMilano, Genova, Biellae Bi STUDIO DEI MATERIALI NANOSTRUTTURATi ROMA, Palermo, Bologna SINTESI ORGANICA E LA FOTOREATTIVITA' BOLOGNA e Ferrara SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE MOLECOLARI MILANO, Padova e Perugia TECNOLOGIA DELLE MEMBRANE COSENZA e Padova MATERIALI COMPOSITI E BIOMEDICI NAPOLI e Pisa CRISTALLOGRAFIA BARI e Roma BIOSTRUTTURE E BIOIMMAGINI NAPOLI e Catania CHIMICA INORGANICA E DELLE SUPERFICI PADOVA CHIMICA E TECNOLOGIA DEI POLIMERI NAPOLI e Catania CHIMICA DEL RICONOSCIMENTO MOLECOLARE MILANO e Roma CHIMICA DEI COMPOSTI ORGANO-METALLICI FIRENZE, Bari e Pisa CHIMICA BIOMOLECOLARE NAPOLI, Sassari, Catania, Roma e Padova SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI CERAMICI FAENZA

3 Molecular Design for Social and Economic Needs Health Sustainability Converging Technologies - Biopharmaceutical properties - Drug delivery - Drug discovery - Biomaterials & Tissue Engineering - Biosensors - Computational modeling - New catalysts - Enzymatic reactions - Hydrogen generation and storage - Renewable energy sources - Processes with low environmental risk - Nanostructures, nanomaterials - Photonics, optoelectronics - Polymer composites - Materials technologies - Surface technologies - Computational modelling - Sensors Pharmaceuticals Food Security Transport Industrial Processes Next Manufacturing DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI

4 PROJECTS/PLATFORMS 1. New molecules with specific biochemical properties 2. Polymer systems for functional and structural properties 3. Novel products and processes for sustainable chemistry 4. Nano-structured systems with electronic properties 5. Molecular based design and modification of coatings 6. Enabling technologies for drug discovery 7. Predictive modeling of functionalities DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI

5 Progetto PM-P03Innovative products and processes for sustainablechemistry Reuse and Recycle of waste materials Valorization and abatement of pollutants Processoptimization Hydrogentechnology Alternative fuels Sustainableproduction of energy Biorefinery Photovoltaic Conversion of renewablefeedstock Design and development, of new synthetic processes Improve the existing (catalytic) processes The project strategy SUSTAINABLECHEMISTRY Energy Efficiency and selectivity Valorization of Valorization ofrenewableresources STRATEGICOBJECTIVES Environmentalissues

6 HYDROLABF FFIRENZEIRENZEFFIRENZEIRENZE H 2 PHOTOBIOLOGICAL PRODUCTION FROM NON SULFUREUS RED BACTERIA FROM VEGETAL WASTES AND SOLAR ENERGY Vegetal wastes compost Organic acids H2H2H2H2 Lacto bacteria Red bacteria Solar energy Highlights

7 Biolubricants Polyols ω-3 IBC IBBA Genotype Selection IBC Hydrolyzed protein Biomass ICRM Oligomers and carbohydrates Oil Pressatura ISTM Glicerol ISMAC Biopolymers Packaging ISMAC Fibres Project Ve.Li.Ca. – Bioraffinary from Linen e Kanapa

8 The Twelve Principles of GREEN CHEMISTRY

9 Sustainability: "Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Green Chemistry: Technologies that are energy efficient, minimise or preferably eliminate the formation of waste, avoid the use of toxic and/or hazardous solvents and reagents and, where possible, utilise renewable, raw, materials. is the goal is the mean

10 Catalysis Process Intensification Separation Processes Energy Efficiency Solvent - Replacement Safer Reactions & Reagents Use of Renewable Feedstocks Waste Minimisation Sustainable chemistry SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY

11 Enhanced global warming Depletion of resources (not only fuels!) Food shortages Shortages of potable water Population growth - aging Waste & pollution SOCIETAL CHALLANGES FOOD +70% by 2050

12 In 2009, European Member States and the European Commission identified Key EnablingTechnologies (KETs) for their potential impact in strengthening Europe's industrial and innovation capacity. Six KETs nanotechnology micro and nanoelectronics advanced materials photonics industrial biotechnology advanced manufacturing systems KEY ENANBLIG TECHNOLOGY

13 Whilst European R&D is generally strong in new KET technologies, the HLG has observed that the transition from ideas arising from basic research to competitive KETs production is the weakest link in European KET enabled value chains. The gap between basic knowledge generation and the subsequent commercialization of this knowledge in marketable products, has been commonly identified across the KETs and is known in broad terms as the "valley of death" issue. This Valley of Death has been identified in many competitor countries, including the USA, China and Taiwan. All have established coordinated programmes in strategically important areas that cover the full innovation chain addressing basic and applied research, demonstrators, standardization measures, deployment and market access, all at the same time and, significantly, in a logical joined-up manner. THE VALLEY OF DEATH

14 AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO KETS FOR FUTURE COMPETITIVENESS: THREE PILLAR BRIDGE MODEL TO PASS ACROSS THE "VALLEY OF DEATH " The technological research pillar based on technological facilities supported by research technology organisation; The product development pillar based on pilot lines and demonstrator supported by industrial consortia The competitive manufacturing pillar based on globally competitive manufacturing facilities supported by anchor companies.

15 Key Enabling Technologies….. ……..multidisciplinary and trans- sectorial, cutting across many technology areas with a trend towards convergence, technology integration and the potential to induce structural change

16 INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY the application of science and technology to living organisms, as well as parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living materials for the production of knowledge, goods and services. Main biotechnology techniques : DNA/RNA. Proteins and other molecules Cell and tissue culture and engineering. Process biotechnology techniques. Gene and RNA vectors Bioinformatics Nanobiotechnology

17 Emerging Trend Biological Intermediates substituting petrochemical building blocks

18 Synthetic biology very important step forward, since it allows designing chemicals that would not occur by natural pathways. to obtain unnatural products by modifying bacteria (i.e. Escherichia coli) or modifying yeasts opens a wide new field for the production of tailor made chemicals for very different purposes. Advanced research synthetic biology, - At present the genetic modification of bacteria allows to obtain for example tailor recombinant polymers (protein, polysaccharides ect.) or foreseen applications as elimination of toxic residues ect.

19 ………still limitation in process sustainability - Sources - Energy balance in different processing steps - Environmental impact in the processing steps (chemicals, etc) - Economic balance - Product stability - Interfaces - Regulation - Ethical Issue To overcome the limitation of actual process sustainability

20 ………Fully exploit the scope of relevant R&D definitions in its programmes which support the full and simultaneous implementation the innovation chain, from basic research, through technological research, product development and prototyping up to globally competitive manufacturing. DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI

21 DIPARTIMENTO SCIENZE CHIMICHE E TECNOLOGIE DEI MATERIALI


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