Presentation on theme: "I.S.I.S. “Andrea Torrente” TURKEY UNITED KINGDOM LITHUANIA SPAIN"— Presentation transcript:
1I.S.I.S. “Andrea Torrente” TURKEY UNITED KINGDOM LITHUANIA SPAIN ITALYIMAGINEInspiring Motivating Art Giving Interacting Neverending EducationCOMENIUS PROJECT2010/2012TURKEY UNITED KINGDOM LITHUANIA SPAINPOLAND SLOVAKIA ITALY
2Ancient AgeThe city was probably founded by the inhabitants of the Greek colony of Cuma around the VIII century B.C., with the name of Partenope, on the actual Echia Mountain. Such installation would subsequently have been called Palepolis ("old city), when the city would have been a little distant rifondata in the V century B.C., with the new name of Nèa-pòlis ("new city"). In the 536 Naples you/he/she was conquered by the Byzantines during the Gothic war and he/she remained also firmly in the hands of the empire during the subsequent invasion longobarda, becoming subsequently autonomous dukedom. The life of the dukedom was characterized by continuous wars, mainly defensives, against the powerful principalities near longobardi and the Saracens. In 1137 the Norman ones of Roger II conquered the city, putting an end to the dukedom, and Naples entered so to belong to the territory of the Principality of Capua, in the newborn Kingdom of Sicily, with capital Palermo;
3Modern AgeIn 1442 Naples also fell into the aragonese hands, becoming one of the most influential cities with Alfonso the Magnanimous ( ), as king of this great Mediterranean state. In 1501, during the Italian wars, the Kingdom of Naples was conquered by the Spaniards and, for over two centuries, ruled by a viceroy, on behalf of Madrid. in the seventeenth century, Austria conquered Naples until 1734, when the kingdom was occupied by Charles of Bourbon, who rebuilt an independent state. Under the dynasty of Bourbon Naples strengthened its role as a major European capital. With the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars, Naples first saw the birth of a Jacobine Republic and then the consequent Bourbon restoration. In 1815 with the final defeat of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna Naples returned again under the Bourbons. In 1860 the Kingdom of Two Sicilies was conquered by the Thousand of Garibaldi and annexed to the Kingdom of Italy headed by Piedmont. During World War II Naples saw after the September 8, the popular uprising against occupant commonly known as the Four Days of Naples.
5The Square of Naples P.zza Plebiscito Basilica di San Francesco Palazzo RealeTeatro San CarloGalleria UmbertoVia Chiaia,
6Palazzo Reale. The Royal palace, first home of the Spanish viceroys, later of the Austrians and the Bourbons and finally of the Savoys, for almost four centuries was centre and mirror of power, as well as stage of the historic events of Naples and of the South of Italy. At the end of ‘800 the outer niches were filled with the huge statues of the Kings of NaplesThe Basilica of San Francesco di Paola is one of the most famous and characteristic churches In Naples. It is situated in the middle of the curved side of Piazza Plebiscito, opposite Palazzo Reale.
7The San Carlo is the oldest opera theatre in Europe and, as Stendhal wrote, it is “the most beautiful theatre in the world”.
8UMBERTO I GALLERYUmberto I gallery building is dated back in 1884 following a reclaim of an area due to the cholera epidemic. A committee was appointed to rebuild the overcrowded districts such as (Porto, Pendino, Mercato, Vicario)
9Via Chiaia is the natural division line between the Pizzofalcone and the Mortelle hills. This street, full of nice shops, stretches between the monumental area of via Toledo and Piazza Plebiscito and the rich and elegant neighbourhood of piazza dei Martiri and Via dei Mille.
10The Castles of Naples Certosa di San Martino Castel Sant’Elmo Maschio AngioinoCastel dell’Ovo
11The Maschio Angioino once called Castel Nuovo (New Castle) lies in a privileged and strategic position in the centre of Naples, among, piazza Castello, piazza Municipio and the Palazzo Reale and majestically overlooks the port and the sea..
12Castello dell’ OvoThe city's oldest castle, the so-called 'Castle of the Egg', stands on the islet of Megaris. According to medieval legend, the castle had links with the poet Virgil, and one of his lucky charms lies hidden in the castle foundation. The charm is said to be an egg kept in a bottle, itself protected by a small metal cage. For as long as the egg remains intact, Naples need fear neither destruction nor invasion. The castle terrace offers a breathtaking view of the city, sea and Bay.I
13Castel Sant'Elmo Robert of Anjou instructed architects to build a Palatium-Castrum. It was rapidly rebuilt by Don Pedro de Toledo, on the orders of Charles VLa Certosa di San Martino La Certosa di San Martino is the greatest monumental complex of Naples; it constitutes one of the most outstanding examples of architecture and Baroque art. It is situated on the hill of Vomero.
14_____ _____ Via Caracciolo (villa Pignatelli) Mergellina Posillipo Fontana Immacolatella e Sebeto Marechiaro “a’ Fenestella”
15Via Caracciolo is the Promenade that stretches between Mergellina and Santa Lucia. The Via takes its name from the Neapolitan admiral Francesco Caracciolo.
16The Sebeto (or Fonseca) fountain lies at the end of Via Caracciolo, in Largo Sermoneta. The Immacolatella fountain lies in the nice curve between via Partenope and via Nazario Sauro, few steps away from Castel dell'Ovo
18MuseumsBosco di CapodimontePinacotecaMuseo Archeologico Nazionale
19The Capodimonte Royal Palace, surrounded by a vast park, is dedicated to Charles of Bourbon The crucifixion (Masaccio)Madonna with the baby (Botticelli)
20The National Archaelogical Museum is the most important museum of classical archaeology in the world. The most important collections of the museum are mosaics, paintings, jewellery and object, recovered from the buried vesuvian homes.
21_________ _____ The cathedral Duomo The treasure of San Gennaro _________ _____The cathedral DuomoThe treasure of San GennaroThe Chapel of Santa RestitutaThe Basilica of San LorenzoUnderground NaplesSan Gregorio ArmenoThe Church and Closter of Santa ChiaraThe Church of Gesù NuovoThe Chapel of San Severo,P.zza San Domenico
22The austere church of Santa Chiara was built in 1310 by Roberto D’Angiò in a Provencal gothic style and transformed with baroque decorations in the mid 1700’s.Famous is the Cloister of the Poor Clares
23The Cathedral of San Gennaro is the oldest in the city; it was built by Costantino I The San Lorenzo Church was built in 1270 by Charles I D’Angiò. It is here that the great writer Giovanni Boccaccio met his darling Fiammetta on Holy Saturday in 1336
24La chiesa del Gesù Nuovo The church's ornate baroque interior is covered with marble, frescoes and statues.
25The San Severo Chapel is a small but extraordinary site. Famous for the Veiled Christ.La pudiciziaIl disingannoIl Cristo velato
27He said, and wept; then spread his sails before The winds, and reach'd at length the Cumaean shore: Their anchors dropp'd, his crew the vessels moor. They turn their heads to sea, their sterns to land, And greet with greedy joy th' Italian strand. Some strike from clashing flints their fiery seed; Some gather sticks, the kindled flames to feed, Or search for hollow trees, and fell the woods, Or trace thro' valleys the discover'd floods.The landing of the Troyans, led by Enea, on the shore of Cuma, Eneide, book 6 verses 1 - 9
28The so-called Sybil-cave is situaded in the Archeological park of Cuma The so-called Sybil-cave is situaded in the Archeological park of Cuma. Is a long tunnel that ends in three-roomed niche, believed to be the seat of the Sybil of Cuma. The Sibyl was a priestess sacred to the god Apollo: from her cavern she gave ambiguous interpretations of the future.
29The Anphithreatre dates to Flavian times, and is the third largest in the world. Its functional architecture is an excellent example of the exceptional technological levels reached in that era.
30Around Naples: The Amalfi Coast Amalfi: The CathedralThe Cloister of HeavenThe Museum of PaperVilla RufoloVilla Cimbrone
31The elegant Cloister of Heaven The town of Amalfi is characterised by the famous Duomo of 9° century. Its scenic position at the top of the top of steep stairs, that open up among the houses gathered around the small square, give a particular flavour to Amalfi’s historic centre.The elegant Cloister of HeavenChiostro del Paradiso
32Villa Rufolo, immersed in a verdant park, is one of the most beautiful in Campania. Villa Cimbrone has hosted many celebrated personalities, from Winston Churchil to Greta Garbo.The belvedere is a terrace that gives on to infinity, and has no equal in the world.
33Set into the mountain, surrounded by rich Mediterranean vegetation, Positano is so picturesque as to seem stage setting Seen from the sea it looks like a huge nativity scene, a waterfall of little multicoloured houses clinging onto its sides.
35SpaccanapoliAs its name suggests, this long narrow street splits Naples in two, from high-up in the San Martino district down to the central station. Because of the number of churches and palaces along it, has been likened to an 'open-air museum'. It's also one of the liveliest parts of the city, with many shops, craft workshops, buzzing university faculties and inviting café terraces.
36Il teatro di Eduardo De Filippo Filumena MarturanoNapoli MilionariaNon ti pagoNatale in casa CupielloQuesti fantasmi