Presentation on theme: "Fire Prevention in Urban Environment Athens, 24-25/11/2010 1 st Regional Workshop, Interreg IVC/CIVPRO."— Presentation transcript:
Fire Prevention in Urban Environment Athens, 24-25/11/ st Regional Workshop, Interreg IVC/CIVPRO
1 st Regional Workshop Interreg IVC/CIVPRO Fire Prevention in Urban Environment Apostolos N. Paralikas Fire Major, Chemical Engineer National Civil Protection Operations Center, General Secretariat for Civil Protection
Outline of the Presentation 1. The Fire Service of Greece (Greek Fire Corps): Historical Background. 2. Types of Incidents - Fatal Incidents 3. Fire Prevention Legislation
According to an ancient Greek myth, FIRE was a privilege of the Gods. It was given to the common people as a gift by Promitheas. Therefore, he was regarded as a traitor of the cast of Gods, and was severely punished for his recklessness, as described in ancient Greek tragedies.
Hellenic Fire Corps Historical Background The history of the modern Greek Fire Service is now 80 years old. It was established in Through the existence of the Greek State several organizational forms for fire protection have been tested, in order to provide the citizens and the economy with a sufficient level of protection. Many fire disasters have taken place, therefore the need of an efficient system was apparent.
Hellenic Fire Brigade - Historical Background The mission was assigned to Alkiviades Kokkinakes, a Greek immigrant from Russia, Chemical Engineer, former head of the St Petersburg Fire Department. His model was the Vienna Professional Fire Brigade, that has been existed since His vision included not only training and experience, but also scientific knowledge to be integrated within the framework of the new Service.
Historical Fires 1666 : The Great Fire of London that destroyed the homes of 70,000 of the City's 80,000 inhabitants. 13,200 houses and most of the buildings of the City authorities were consumed by the fire. The death toll is unknown but traditionally thought to have been small, as only 6 verified deaths were recorded
Historical Fires October 1871: The Great Chicago Fire destroyed about 4 square miles (10 km 2 ) destroyed 17,500 buildings and 90,000 out of the 300,000 inhabitants, were left homeless, After the fire 125 bodies were recovered. Final estimates of the fatalities ranged from 200 to 300. Between two and 3 million books were destroyed from private library collections.
Historical Fires 1917: The Great Fire of Thessaloniki It destroyed more that 32% of the city: 120 acres, or 1 million m 2, in 32 hours. More than houses were burnt, leaving people homeless out of the shops were destroyed, leaving 70 % of the employees with no job.
Historical Fires A number of historic incidents have also taken place in Athens: 1854: a Duchess Palace, 1884: Kings Palace, 1909: the great Palace fire : the Chemistry University Building fire, a notorious fire, 1925, two major fires is Piraeus
Historical Fires : Two simultaneous Department Store fires in the center of Athens : Two new simultaneous Department Store fires in the center of Athens & : Two new Department Store fires in the center of Athens.
Types of Incidents The various types of incidence response in the total activity per year is presented as following:
Fatal Incidents The following Statistics come from the E.U. Fire Safety Network survey of E.U. Fire Safety Network is a network of 17 fire & rescue services from the European Union member states. They refer only to fatalities from fires, not any other cause (natural disasters, etc)
CountryPopul.(mil.) Fatal fires 2004Dead/per Mill.Comments Austria828 3,5 All type of fires Czech Rep /84 in 71 build.fires 12 Denmark Estonia Finland / 106 in buildings 21 fire deaths 30 days. France60About Greece1139/ 37 in urban fires. 3,5 *** H.F.B. Hungary Latvia Lithuania Norway4.657 in 53 fires 12 All fatal fires Poland Portugal Urban fires Slovenia1.917 / 13 in buildings 9 2 in forts + 2 in traf. Sweden9.065 in 62 fires/56 in blds 7 1 month after fire U.K all incidents
Fire Statistics 2001 EU Fire Safety Network
Fatal Incidents Possible reasons include: Professional Fire Brigade covers all country. Type of buildings/ new constructions, extensive use of concrete. Fire prevention legislation covers most activities
Fire Prevention Legislation
Existing Fire Prevention Legislation 1.Fire Inspections circular (1960). 2.Fire Ordinances (since 1980). 3.Building Fire Regulation (New buildings) (1988). 4.Industrial Fire Safety Degree. 5.Gas & Liquid Safety & Fire Prevention Degrees, Codes and Regulations.
Fire Ordinances Fire Ordinances are issued by the Chief of the Hellenic Fire Service, having Legal Authorization (Law 616/1977). Each one refers to specific use of existing buildings. (before 1989)
Fire Ordinances F.O.1 (1978): Big Department Stores Fire Prevention F.O.2 (1979): Hotel Fire Prevention F.O.3 (1981): Public Places F.O.4 (1987): Urban Land F.O.5 (1991): Fire Certificates Validity F.O.6 (1996): Warehouses Fire Prevention F.O.7 (1996): Hot Work Permits F.O.8 (1978): Store Fire Prevention
Fire Ordinances F.O.9 (2000) & 9a (2005): Fire Prevention measures in forests and agricultural lands F.O.10 (2002): Marine and Harbor Fire Prevention F.O.11 (2003): Tent & prefabricated structures Fire Prevention F.O.12c (2010): Maintenance of Fire Prevention Means F.O.13a (2010): Fire Permit Procedures.
Building Fire Regulation (New buildings) Presidential Degree No 71/1988 Refers to all new buildings, built after February For every new building, during the Building Permit procedure, 2 (Active and Passive) Fire Prevention Studies must be submitted.
Occupational Health & Safety Regulation O.H.&S. Regulation (mainly based on E.U. Directives) compliments Fire Safety Regulation. Effective since 1997, imposes a number of obligations, aiming at workers safety, that include a number of provisions, such as: Escape Plans Emergency Exits Fire Safety Training Safety Signs
Other Relevant Regulation Major Accident Hazards Regulation (Sevezo type establishments.) Explosible Atmospheres Directives (ATEX)
Overview The scope of this presentation was to present an overview: 1. The Fire Service of Greece (Greek Fire Corps): Historical Background. 2. Types of Incidents - Fatal Incidents 3. Fire Prevention Legislation
Fire Prevention in Urban Environment Thank You for your Attention!!